Commodity marketing (111 - 120 of 162 items)
California Dairy: Production, Sales, and Product Disposition
RCED-88-180FS: Published: Jun 15, 1988. Publicly Released: Jun 15, 1988.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information regarding California's: (1) milk production; (2) milk production costs and economic returns; (3) grade-A milk pricing system; and (4) manufacture and disposition of butter, nonfat dry milk, and cheese.GAO found that California: (1) increased its milk production from 10.6 percent of all U.S.-produced milk in 1980 to 12.6 percent in 1987;...
Farm Payments: Benefits and Costs of Trading in USDA Commodity Certificates
RCED-88-142BR: Published: Jun 2, 1988. Publicly Released: Jun 2, 1988.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed reported abuses in the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Payment-in-Kind (PIK) Certificate Program to determine: (1) the volume of grain involved in long-distance transactions, in which commodity certificate holders exploited differing market values; (2) the monetary benefits gained from such transactions; (3) how the benefits were distributed;...
Options for Changing Milk Marketing Orders
T-RCED-88-41: Published: May 11, 1988. Publicly Released: May 11, 1988.
GAO discussed the current and future impact of the federal milk marketing order system on dairy programs. GAO noted that the system: (1) established a uniform pricing system; (2) encouraged farmers to produce grade A milk; (3) made it profitable to transport milk from surplus to deficit areas; (4) discouraged milk shipments from one surplus area to another; and (5) fostered local production of mil...
Agricultural Trade: Causes and Impacts of Increased Fruit and Vegetable Imports
RCED-88-149BR: Published: May 10, 1988. Publicly Released: May 10, 1988.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information regarding the extent, causes, and impact of the rise in fruit and vegetable imports.GAO found that, from 1980 through 1986: (1) vegetable imports rose from $738 million to $1.6 billion; (2) fruit imports rose from $482 million to $1.6 billion; (3) fruit import shares rose from 26 percent to 33 percent; (4) vegetable import shares rose f...
Trends and Impacts of Fruit and Vegetable Imports
T-RCED-88-40: Published: May 10, 1988. Publicly Released: May 10, 1988.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed U.S. fruit and vegetable imports. GAO noted that: (1) fruit imports rose from $482 million in 1980 to $1.6 billion in 1987; (2) vegetable imports rose from $738 million in 1980 to about $1.6 billion in 1986; (3) imported fruit's share rose from 26 percent in 1980 to over 33 percent in 1986; and (4) the imported processed vegetable market share dou...
USDA's Commodity Program: The Accuracy of Budget Forecasts
PEMD-88-8: Published: Apr 21, 1988. Publicly Released: May 9, 1988.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the accuracy of the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) commodity program budget forecasts for 1972 through 1986 to determine the reasons for errors.GAO found that the USDA commodity programs' budget estimates: (1) were substantially incorrect in most years, with absolute errors totalling $64.1 billion and averaging about $4.3 billion annually; and...
Agricultural Marketing: Farmers' Marketing Practices and Programs To Teach Alternative Practices
RCED-88-78BR: Published: Mar 25, 1988. Publicly Released: Mar 25, 1988.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO studied: (1) farmers' use of three advanced marketing techniques, specifically cash-forward contracting, hedging in the futures market, and trading in agricultural options; and (2) educational programs in advanced agricultural marketing techniques.GAO found that: (1) although producers could use advanced marketing techniques to ensure commodity prices at...
Milk Marketing Orders: Options for Change
RCED-88-9: Published: Mar 21, 1988. Publicly Released: Mar 21, 1988.
GAO reviewed several aspects of federal milk-pricing policies to determine how: (1) the milk marketing order program affects the U.S. dairy surplus problem; (2) to change the program to reduce incentives for milk production; and (3) such changes would affect the surplus and the program's ability to meet dairy policy goals.GAO found that: (1) because dairy market conditions changed, the milk market...
Commodity Futures Trading: Purpose, Use, Impact, and Regulation of Cattle Futures Markets
RCED-88-30: Published: Nov 10, 1987. Publicly Released: Nov 10, 1987.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO investigated cattle futures markets and their impact on cash market prices for cattle, particularly the: (1) cattle markets' reaction to the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Dairy Termination Program; (2) effect on cattle prices of meatpackers' forward contracting; (3) effectiveness of the system for delivering cattle under live cattle futures contracts...
International Trade: Implementation of the Agricultural Export Enhancement Program
NSIAD-87-74BR: Published: Mar 17, 1987. Publicly Released: Apr 22, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO assessed the implementation of the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Export Enhancement Program (EEP) and its effectiveness in: (1) increasing U.S. agricultural exports; and (2) encouraging negotiations on agriculture trade problems with U.S trading partners.GAO found that: (1) although wheat exports increased for several EEP-targeted markets, decreased...