Commodity marketing (1 - 10 of 162 items)
International Cash-Based Food Assistance: USAID Has Developed Processes for Initial Project Approval but Should Strengthen Financial Oversight
GAO-15-328: Published: Mar 26, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 26, 2015.
The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) awards new cash-based food assistance grants under its Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) through a competitive proposal review or an expedited noncompetitive process; however, USAID lacks formal internal guidance for modifying awards. In its review of 22 grant awards, GAO found that USAID made 13 through its competitive process, 7 through...
Agricultural Trade: USDA Is Monitoring Market Development Programs as Required but Could Improve Analysis of Impact
GAO-13-740: Published: Jul 31, 2013. Publicly Released: Aug 30, 2013.
Market development program participants use program funds to support a variety of activities intended to raise awareness or acceptance of U.S. agricultural products in overseas markets. Common activities include, among others, market research, consumer and retail promotion, and participation in international trade shows. GAO's analysis of expenditure data from 2007 through 2011 shows that particip...
U.S. Agriculture: Retail Food Prices Grew Faster Than the Prices Farmers Received for Agricultural Commodities, but Economic Research Has Not Established That Concentration Has Affected These Trends
GAO-09-746R: Published: Jun 30, 2009. Publicly Released: Jul 30, 2009.
Over the past 25 years, farmers have received a decreasing share of the consumer food dollar. Some analysts and farm interest groups are concerned that this decline can be attributed, in part, to increasing concentration in agriculture. They believe that firms in highly concentrated markets may be able to exert market power by raising retail food prices while also depressing prices farmers receive...
Commitments by the European Union and the United States to Reduce Agricultural Export Subsidies
NSIAD-99-198R: Published: Jun 18, 1999. Publicly Released: Jul 19, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the European Union's (EU) and the U.S.' agricultural export subsidy programs, focusing on: (1) EU and U.S. compliance with the World Trade Organization's (WTO) Agreement on Agriculture commitments to reduce agricultural export subsidies; and (2) EU and U.S. plans regarding the future use of agricultural export subsidies.GAO noted that: (1) to date,...
Agricultural Trade: Changes Made to Market Access Program, but Questions Remain on Economic Impact
NSIAD-99-38: Published: Apr 5, 1999. Publicly Released: Apr 5, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's implementation of legislative reforms to the Market Access Program (MAP) and their impact on program participation.GAO noted that: (1) as directed by Congress, the Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) implemented operational changes to MAP; these changes have affected program participation and distribution of funds; (2...
Dairy Industry: Information on Prices for Fluid Milk and the Factors That Influence Them
RCED-99-4: Published: Oct 8, 1998. Publicly Released: Nov 9, 1998.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed issues concerning the pricing and marketing of fluid milk, focusing on: (1) the factors that influence the price of fluid milk as it moves from the farm to the consumer; (2) the portion of the average retail price of a gallon of fluid milk that is received by farmers, cooperatives, wholesalers, and retailers in selected markets across the country;...
Assistance Available to U.S. Agricultural Producers Under U.S. Trade Law
NSIAD-98-49R: Published: Oct 20, 1997. Publicly Released: Oct 20, 1997.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on: (1) the tariff reductions negotiated and provisions for creation of a private dispute settlement mechanism for Florida fruit and vegetable products under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA); (2) safeguard provisions available to U.S. producers; (3) U.S. antidumping and countervailing duty remedies available to combat oth...
U.S. Agricultural Exports: Strong Growth Likely But U.S. Export Assistance Programs' Contribution Uncertain
NSIAD-97-260: Published: Sep 30, 1997. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 1997.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed: (1) the way in which the 1996 Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act (FAIR) will likely affect U.S. agricultural exports; and (2) the continued relevance of U.S. agricultural export assistance programs.GAO noted that: (1) agricultural experts generally expect that FAIR's domestic policy reforms will modestly contribute to increased U.S. ag...
Packers and Stockyards Programs: USDA's Response to Studies on Concentration in the Livestock Industry
RCED-97-100: Published: Apr 23, 1997. Publicly Released: May 8, 1997.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) report on concentration in the red-meatpacking industry, focusing on whether: (1) the report identified the geographic boundaries of livestock procurement markets; (2) the report provided guidance on how to monitor these markets; (3) as a result of this report, USDA had identified additiona...
Food-Related Services: Opportunities Exist to Recover Costs by Charging Beneficiaries
RCED-97-57: Published: Mar 20, 1997. Publicly Released: Mar 20, 1997.
GAO reviewed opportunities to increase the share of funding by beneficiaries for food-related services provided by the federal government, focusing on: (1) the types of food-related services provided by the federal government; (2) the extent to which beneficiaries currently pay for such services through user fees; and (3) potential opportunities for recovering more of the service costs through use...