Agricultural products (1 - 10 of 75 items)
Agricultural Trade: USDA Is Monitoring Market Development Programs as Required but Could Improve Analysis of Impact
GAO-13-740: Published: Jul 31, 2013. Publicly Released: Aug 30, 2013.
Market development program participants use program funds to support a variety of activities intended to raise awareness or acceptance of U.S. agricultural products in overseas markets. Common activities include, among others, market research, consumer and retail promotion, and participation in international trade shows. GAO's analysis of expenditure data from 2007 through 2011 shows that particip...
Agricultural Chemicals: USDA Could Enhance Pesticide and Fertilizer Usage Data, Improve Outreach, and Better Leverage Resources
GAO-11-37: Published: Nov 4, 2010. Publicly Released: Dec 6, 2010.
The use of pesticides and fertilizers contributes to U.S. agricultural productivity and helps ensure a generally stable, plentiful, and inexpensive food supply. However, these chemicals may also harm human health, water quality, and food safety. The U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) collects, analyzes, and disseminates Agricultural Chemical Usa...
Crop Insurance: Opportunities Exist to Reduce the Costs of Administering the Program
GAO-09-445: Published: Apr 29, 2009. Publicly Released: Jun 1, 2009.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) administers the federal crop insurance program with private insurance companies, which, in turn, work with insurance agencies that sell crop insurance. In 2008, according to USDA, the program cost $6.5 billion, including about $2.0 billion in allowances to insurance companies to cover their administrative and operating (A&O) expenses, such as salaries and...
Farm Program Payments: USDA Needs to Strengthen Regulations and Oversight to Better Ensure Recipients Do Not Circumvent Payment Limitations
GAO-04-407: Published: Apr 30, 2004. Publicly Released: Jun 16, 2004.
Farmers receive about $15 billion annually in federal farm program payments to help produce major commodities, including corn, cotton, rice, and wheat. The Farm Program Payments Integrity Act of 1987 (1987 Act) limits payments to individuals and entities--such as corporations and partnerships-- that are "actively engaged in farming." GAO (1) determined how well USDA's regulations limit payments, (...
Country-Of-Origin Labeling: Opportunities for USDA and Industry to Implement Challenging Aspects of the New Law
GAO-03-780: Published: Aug 5, 2003. Publicly Released: Sep 10, 2003.
A provision in the 2002 Farm Bill requires grocery stores to identify certain commodities--beef, pork and lamb, fish and shellfish, fruits and vegetables, and peanuts--by country of origin. This provision also requires that an initial voluntary program be followed by a mandatory program by September 30, 2004. GAO was asked to identify existing programs that might be useful to USDA in crafting the...
Country-of-Origin Labeling for Certain Foods--Survey Results, an E-supplement to GAO-03-780
GAO-03-781SP: Published: Aug 5, 2003. Publicly Released: Aug 5, 2003.
A requirement that retail grocers identify certain agricultural products by country of origin was included in legislation passed in 2002. Beginning September 30, 2004 when the new law takes effect, grocery stores will have to clearly mark the covered products--beef, pork, lamb, fruits, vegetables, fish, shellfish, and peanuts--with their country of origin. GAO was asked to identify which U.S. trad...
Peanut Program: Potential Effects of Proposed Farm Bill on Producers, Consumers, Government, and Peanut Imports and Exports
GAO-01-1135R: Published: Sep 26, 2001. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 2001.
The current federal peanut program, administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, is designed to support producers' incomes while ensuring an ample supply of domestically produced peanuts. To achieve these goals, the program controls the domestic supply of peanuts and guarantees producers a minimum price for their crops. This price substantially exceeds the price for peanuts in world markets...
Department of Agriculture, Commodity Credit Corporation: Agricultural Disaster and Market Assistance
OGC-00-36: Published: Jun 21, 2000. Publicly Released: Jun 21, 2000.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed the Commodity Credit Corporation's (CCC) major rule on the distribution of Agricultural Disaster and Market Assistance. GAO noted that: (1) the interim and final rules, in part, implement statutory provisions related to cottonseed market loss, a competitiveness program for extra long staple cotton, warehouse-stored tobacco loss assistance, pastur...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Marketing Assistance Loan Program Should Better Reflect Market Conditions
RCED-00-9: Published: Nov 23, 1999. Publicly Released: Nov 23, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the effects of the marketing assistance loan program on cash payments to farm producers, focusing on: (1) which producers received cash payments through the program, by type of crop and state; (2) why some producers did not participate in the program; and (3) what types of concerns have been raised about the program's effect on cash payments and po...
Crop Insurance: USDA's Progress in Expanding Insurance for Specialty Crops
RCED-99-67: Published: Apr 16, 1999. Publicly Released: Apr 16, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the availability of the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) federal crop insurance for specialty crops, focusing on: (1) USDA's recent progress in expanding coverage to specialty crops; (2) the new marketing practices insurance companies have introduced for specialty crops and the potential advantages and disadvantages of the practices, including th...