International trade (21 - 30 of 36 items)
U.S. Efforts to Increase Exports of High Value Agricultural Products
T-NSIAD-91-43: Published: Jun 25, 1991. Publicly Released: Jun 25, 1991.
GAO compared the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) approach to high-value product marketing with the approaches taken by its major competitors. GAO noted that: (1) although most foreign competitors spent less on high-value market development than the United States, they received a greater return on their marketing investment, by spending their funds in a highly targeted manner and using an integr...
U.S.-Mexico Trade: Impact of Liberalization in the Agricultural Sector
NSIAD-91-155: Published: Mar 29, 1991. Publicly Released: Apr 25, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO: (1) examined efforts to remove impediments to agricultural trade between the United States and Mexico; (2) explored the benefits of increasing such trade; (3) reviewed remaining barriers to be addressed in free-trade agreement negotiations; and (4) obtained the views of U.S. producer groups on agricultural trade liberalization.GAO found that between 1980 a...
U.S.-Mexico Agricultural Trade Liberalization
T-NSIAD-91-24: Published: Apr 24, 1991. Publicly Released: Apr 24, 1991.
GAO discussed recent developments in agricultural trade between the United States and Mexico and the views of U.S. agricultural industry groups regarding trade liberalization measures. GAO noted that: (1) Mexico's agricultural exports to the U.S. more than doubled between fiscal year (FY) 1980 and FY 1989 and U.S. and Mexican agricultural trade increased from $2.3 billion in 1982 to $5 billion in...
Agricultural Trade Negotiations at a Crossroads
T-NSIAD-91-10: Published: Feb 28, 1991. Publicly Released: Feb 28, 1991.
GAO discussed the status of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade's agricultural trade negotiations, focusing on the: (1) disagreement between the United States and the European Community (EC); (2) need for an extension of fast-track authority; and (3) importance of U.S. agricultural groups' backing. GAO noted that: (1) the United States was willing to make fundamental changes in its system o...
Agricultural Trade Negotiations: Stalemate in the Uruguay Round
NSIAD-91-129: Published: Feb 1, 1991. Publicly Released: Feb 1, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed the progress in the multilateral trade negotiations of the Uruguay Round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, focusing on the agricultural trade component.GAO found that: (1) the United States and the European Community (EC) continued to disagree strongly on the nature and extent of agricultural trade liberalization; (2) participating cou...
Cotton Program: The Marketing Loan Has Not Worked
RCED-90-170: Published: Jul 31, 1990. Publicly Released: Aug 10, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO analyzed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) cotton marketing loan program and identified options for improving its effectiveness.GAO found that: (1) since 1985, the marketing loan program has not achieved its objective of keeping U.S. cotton prices competitive in world markets; (2) during the 14-month price divergence period, U.S. producers lacked incen...
Agricultural Trade: Improvements Needed in Management of Targeted Export Assistance Program
NSIAD-90-225: Published: Jun 27, 1990. Publicly Released: Jun 27, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) management of its Targeted Export Assistance (TEA) Program.GAO found that: (1) the Foreign Agriculture Service (FAS) was not adequately documenting the funding allocation decision process to clearly show how funding criteria were applied and ranked and the basis for those decisions; (2) commodity division staf...
International Trade: Foreign Market Development for High Value Agricultural Products
NSIAD-90-47: Published: Jan 17, 1990. Publicly Released: Jan 26, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed competitor and U.S. market development for high-value agricultural products.GAO found that: (1) the United States and its foreign competitors conducted similar marketing activities for high-value agricultural products, but some competitors used a highly targeted approach which integrated market research with production and distribution capacities;...
Commodity Credit Corporation's Export Credit Guarantee Programs
T-NSIAD-89-2: Published: Oct 6, 1988. Publicly Released: Oct 6, 1988.
GAO discussed the Foreign Agricultural Service's (FAS) administration of the Commodity Credit Corporation's Export Credit Guarantee and Intermediate Export Credit Guarantee programs. GAO noted that FAS: (1) did not adequately manage the programs and lacked clear program regulations for defining U.S. agricultural commodities and their eligibility under the programs; (2) issued a notice clarifying c...
International Trade: Commodity Credit Corporation's Export Credit Guarantee Programs
NSIAD-88-194: Published: Jun 10, 1988. Publicly Released: Jun 17, 1988.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Foreign Agricultural Service's (FAS) management of the Commodity Credit Corporation's (CCC) export credit guarantee programs, focusing on the programs' efficiency and effectiveness.GAO found that CCC: (1) failed to adequately enforce program regulations requiring exporters to include payment schedules with their export reports; (2) submitted...