International trade (11 - 20 of 36 items)
High-Value Product Exports: Good Potential Exists for More Trade With Taiwan, Malaysia, and Indonesia
GGD-94-52: Published: Nov 19, 1993. Publicly Released: Nov 24, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the: (1) potential for increased exports of U.S. agricultural high-value products (HVP) to Indonesia, Malaysia, and Taiwan; (2) factors that could limit HVP exports to these countries; (3) need for competitive market development activities in these countries; and (4) need to enhance the competitiveness of U.S. businesses in these mar...
Agricultural Trade: Significance of High-Value Products as Agricultural Exports
GGD-93-120: Published: Aug 10, 1993. Publicly Released: Aug 10, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed U.S. exports of high-value agricultural products (HVP) and the economic benefits of exporting these products, focusing on: (1) the governmentwide strategy for guiding U.S. export promotion programs; (2) U.S. and world trade statistics for HVP; (3) economic issues associated with HVP and bulk commodities exports; (4) the Department of Agriculture's...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Market Promotion Program Could Be More Effective
T-GGD-93-38: Published: Jun 23, 1993. Publicly Released: Jun 23, 1993.
GAO discussed the Department of Agriculture's Market Promotion Program (MPP). GAO noted that: (1) during fiscal years 1986 through 1993, over $1.25 billion was authorized for MPP, but the current funding process does not address several important factors; (2) the Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) does not require commercial firms to demonstrate that MPP funds will be used to increase promotional...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Issues Related to the Export Credit Guarantee Programs
T-GGD-93-28: Published: May 6, 1993. Publicly Released: May 6, 1993.
GAO discussed the operations of the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Export Credit and Intermediate Export Credit Guarantee Programs. GAO noted that: (1) USDA makes a total of $5.7 billion in government loan guarantees available each year to foreign buyers of U.S. agricultural commodities; (2) the government has paid out $4.2 billion because of loan repayment defaults by foreign buyers; (3) futu...
Agricultural Trade: High-Value Product Sales Are Limited in Export Enhancement Program
RCED-93-101: Published: Apr 6, 1993. Publicly Released: Apr 22, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) export enhancement program (EEP), focusing on: (1) factors limiting agricultural high-value product (HVP) sales under EEP; and (2) other USDA efforts to increase HVP exports.GAO found that: (1) in fiscal years 1990 and 1991, HVP sales represented only 8 percent of total EEP funds instead of the 25 percent spec...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Improvements Needed in Market Promotion Program
T-GGD-93-17: Published: Mar 25, 1993. Publicly Released: Mar 25, 1993.
GAO discussed the Department of Agriculture's Market Promotion Program (MPP). GAO noted that: (1) MPP was created to encourage U.S. agricultural exports, focusing on high-value products, processed products, and supporting products adversely affected by unfair foreign trade practices; (2) between 1986 and 1993, MPP funding totalled more than $1.25 billion; (3) about 65 non-profit associations are i...
Peanut Program: Changes Are Needed to Make the Program Responsive to Market Forces
T-RCED-93-18: Published: Mar 10, 1993. Publicly Released: Mar 10, 1993.
GAO discussed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) peanut program. GAO noted that: (1) peanut farming has become increasingly concentrated as smaller farms have been consolidated to form larger-scale operations; (2) technological advances and other improvements have led to yields nearly five times greater than the yields produced in 1934; (3) in 1991, fewer than 22 percent of the peanut producer...
Agricultural Trade: High-Value Products and U.S. Export Promotion Efforts
T-GGD-92-64: Published: Jul 28, 1992. Publicly Released: Jul 28, 1992.
GAO discussed the government's role in exporting high-value agricultural products, focusing on the issues related to proposed legislation that would establish set-asides for and define those agricultural products. GAO noted that: (1) there is no national strategy to guide export promotion funds; (2) the proposed legislation would increase the U.S. share of world trade in processed and high-value a...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Improved Management Could Increase the Effectiveness of Export Promotion Activities
T-GGD-92-30: Published: Apr 7, 1992. Publicly Released: Apr 7, 1992.
GAO discussed the effectiveness of three Department of Agriculture (USDA) export promotion activities, the Market Promotion Program (MPP) overseas agricultural trade offices and the Trade Show Program. GAO noted that: (1) since USDA has not yet developed a long-term agricultural trade strategy, it can not provide a coherent rationale and justification for its export promotion activities; (2) over...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Management Issues Remain Unresolved in the Market Promotion Program
T-GGD-92-25: Published: Mar 25, 1992. Publicly Released: Mar 25, 1992.
GAO commented on the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Market Promotion Program, focusing on: (1) program goals; (2) whether program regulations ensure sound fiscal management; and (3) USDA implementation of prior GAO recommendations. GAO noted that: (1) the Market Promotion Program's broad goals of development and expansion of agricultural exports can justify program support under any market sit...