Agricultural policies (1 - 10 of 28 items) in Custom Date Range
Crop Insurance: Opportunities Exist to Reduce the Costs of Administering the Program
GAO-09-445: Published: Apr 29, 2009. Publicly Released: Jun 1, 2009.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) administers the federal crop insurance program with private insurance companies, which, in turn, work with insurance agencies that sell crop insurance. In 2008, according to USDA, the program cost $6.5 billion, including about $2.0 billion in allowances to insurance companies to cover their administrative and operating (A&O) expenses, such as salaries and...
Dairy Industry: Information on Milk Prices, Factors Affecting Prices, and Dairy Policy Options
GAO-05-50: Published: Dec 29, 2004. Publicly Released: Jan 28, 2005.
In 2003, U.S. dairy farmers marketed nearly 19.7 billion gallons of raw milk, one-third of which were used in fluid milk products. Farmers, cooperatives, processors, and retailers receive a portion of the retail price of milk for their part in providing milk to consumers. During 2002 and 2003, farm prices fell while retail prices did not similarly decline. This pattern raised concerns about a grow...
Farm Program Payments: USDA Needs to Strengthen Regulations and Oversight to Better Ensure Recipients Do Not Circumvent Payment Limitations
GAO-04-407: Published: Apr 30, 2004. Publicly Released: Jun 16, 2004.
Farmers receive about $15 billion annually in federal farm program payments to help produce major commodities, including corn, cotton, rice, and wheat. The Farm Program Payments Integrity Act of 1987 (1987 Act) limits payments to individuals and entities--such as corporations and partnerships-- that are "actively engaged in farming." GAO (1) determined how well USDA's regulations limit payments, (...
Peanut Program: Potential Effects of Proposed Farm Bill on Producers, Consumers, Government, and Peanut Imports and Exports
GAO-01-1135R: Published: Sep 26, 2001. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 2001.
The current federal peanut program, administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, is designed to support producers' incomes while ensuring an ample supply of domestically produced peanuts. To achieve these goals, the program controls the domestic supply of peanuts and guarantees producers a minimum price for their crops. This price substantially exceeds the price for peanuts in world markets...
Crop Insurance: USDA's Progress in Expanding Insurance for Specialty Crops
RCED-99-67: Published: Apr 16, 1999. Publicly Released: Apr 16, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the availability of the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) federal crop insurance for specialty crops, focusing on: (1) USDA's recent progress in expanding coverage to specialty crops; (2) the new marketing practices insurance companies have introduced for specialty crops and the potential advantages and disadvantages of the practices, including th...
Agricultural Marketing: U.S. Cotton Market Before and After Import Assessments
RCED-96-49: Published: Jan 22, 1996. Publicly Released: Jan 29, 1996.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO assessed the: (1) growth in the U.S. market for cotton and cotton products; (2) extent to which import restrictions have affected importers' ability to take advantage of any growth in the U.S. market; and (3) relevant U.S. international trade obligations and the compliance factors for imported cotton and cotton products.GAO found that: (1) the cotton impo...
Farm Programs: Distribution of USDA Income Support Payments
T-RCED-95-133: Published: Mar 16, 1995. Publicly Released: Mar 16, 1995.
GAO discussed the distribution of the Department of Agriculture's income support payments for crop year 1993, focusing on the: (1) value of these payments; and (2) extent to which these payments may be concentrated among relatively few farms. GAO noted that: (1) payments to individual farms ranged from less than $100 to almost $1.8 million; (2) approximately 75 percent of the 989,000 farms receive...
U.S. Agriculture: Status of the Farm Sector
RCED-95-104FS: Published: Mar 3, 1995. Publicly Released: Mar 3, 1995.
GAO provided information on the condition of the U.S. farm sector, focusing on: (1) agriculture's position in the U.S. economy; (2) the level of U.S. agricultural outputs and inputs; (3) the condition of the agricultural resource base; and (4) the federal government's financial support of agricultural producers.GAO found that: (1) the farm sector's share of the nation's gross domestic product decl...
Agricultural Trade: Five Countries' Foreign Market Development for High-Value Products
GGD-95-12: Published: Dec 14, 1994. Publicly Released: Dec 14, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the structure, funding, and promotional activities of the organizations that develop foreign markets for high-value agricultural products (HVP), focusing on the: (1) organizations in France, Germany, the United Kingdom, and the Netherlands that help develop foreign markets for HVP; (2) Department of Agriculture's (USDA) foreign market development p...
U.S.-Canadian Food Safety: Opportunities for Sharing Information and Coordinating Inspections
RCED-95-45: Published: Nov 22, 1994. Publicly Released: Nov 22, 1994.
GAO reviewed how the United States and Canada share information on and coordinate activities for shipments of unsafe imported foods, focusing on whether opportunities exist to make better use of limited inspection resources and thereby increase the likelihood that unsafe imported foods would be stopped from entering the United States and Canada.GAO found that: (1) U.S. and Canadian food safety off...