Agricultural policies (11 - 20 of 28 items)
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Improvements Needed in Foreign Agricultural Service Management
T-GGD-94-56: Published: Nov 10, 1993. Publicly Released: Nov 10, 1993.
GAO discussed the operation of the Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS), focusing on its: (1) management of export promotion and assistance programs; (2) use of resources in reporting on agricultural developments overseas; and (3) strategic planning. GAO noted that: (1) FAS needs greater management controls to eliminate continuing weaknesses; (2) FAS should reduce the amount of reporting on foreign...
Agricultural Trade Negotiations at a Crossroads
T-NSIAD-91-10: Published: Feb 28, 1991. Publicly Released: Feb 28, 1991.
GAO discussed the status of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade's agricultural trade negotiations, focusing on the: (1) disagreement between the United States and the European Community (EC); (2) need for an extension of fast-track authority; and (3) importance of U.S. agricultural groups' backing. GAO noted that: (1) the United States was willing to make fundamental changes in its system o...
Agricultural Trade Negotiations: Stalemate in the Uruguay Round
NSIAD-91-129: Published: Feb 1, 1991. Publicly Released: Feb 1, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed the progress in the multilateral trade negotiations of the Uruguay Round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, focusing on the agricultural trade component.GAO found that: (1) the United States and the European Community (EC) continued to disagree strongly on the nature and extent of agricultural trade liberalization; (2) participating cou...
Commodity Credit Corporation's Export Credit Guarantee Programs
T-NSIAD-89-41: Published: Jun 14, 1989. Publicly Released: Jun 14, 1989.
GAO discussed the Foreign Agricultural Service's (FAS) management of the Commodity Credit Corporation's (CCC) export credit guarantee programs. GAO found that: (1) prior to September 1988, FAS provided export credit guarantees for only those agricultural commodities that were 100-percent U.S.-origin content; (2) FAS changed its policy to provide export credit guarantees for agricultural products t...
Opportunities to Improve U.S. Food/Agricultural Exports Through Improved Marketing Techniques
T-RCED-88-56: Published: Jun 28, 1988. Publicly Released: Jun 28, 1988.
GAO reviewed public and private marketing mechanisms to enhance opportunities for the United States to improve its food and agricultural sales in foreign markets. GAO found that U.S. exporters needed to: (1) develop effective, long-term marketing strategies; (2) design positive product images; (3) improve distribution systems; (4) develop competitive pricing and credit policies; and (5) conduct pr...
Food Assistance: A Swedish Case Study
RCED-88-181BR: Published: Jun 23, 1988. Publicly Released: Jun 23, 1988.
In response to a congressional request, GAO provided information on Sweden's food assistance programs to determine: (1) the type of programs it has and how they operate; (2) whether it uses its agricultural surpluses in food assistance programs to reduce welfare costs; and (3) whether it uses any surplus disposal techniques that do not improve the nutrition of its citizens.GAO found that: (1) Swed...
Agricultural Marketing: Farmers' Marketing Practices and Programs To Teach Alternative Practices
RCED-88-78BR: Published: Mar 25, 1988. Publicly Released: Mar 25, 1988.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO studied: (1) farmers' use of three advanced marketing techniques, specifically cash-forward contracting, hedging in the futures market, and trading in agricultural options; and (2) educational programs in advanced agricultural marketing techniques.GAO found that: (1) although producers could use advanced marketing techniques to ensure commodity prices at...
Food Assistance: Practices of the European Community and Selected Member Nations
RCED-88-102: Published: Mar 15, 1988. Publicly Released: Mar 15, 1988.
In response to a congressional request, GAO examined the food assistance programs of the European Community and four of its members, focusing on their program operation and use of agricultural surpluses.GAO found that: (1) both the European Community and individual member nations sponsor food assistance programs; (2) the program's primary aims are to assist the needy and reduce agricultural surplu...
Agricultural Trade: Trends in Imports of Fruits, Vegetables, and Other Agricultural Products
RCED-87-177FS: Published: Sep 29, 1987. Publicly Released: Nov 2, 1987.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the recent rise in fruit and vegetable imports and its effect on American farmers and food manufacturers.GAO found that: (1) the U.S. agricultural trade balance has declined each year for the past 5 years, with a rise in agricultural imports contributing to this decline; (2) fruits and vegetables comprised almost a quarter of competi...
Farm Payments: Implications of Targeting Farm Income Supports
RCED-87-99: Published: Jun 10, 1987. Publicly Released: Jun 10, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO analyzed possible ways to target a greater share of direct income-support payments to farmers in the greatest financial need, focusing on the potential effects of general targeting options with identified agricultural policy objectives.GAO found that the option of reducing the current annual payment limit: (1) could potentially reduce income support to h...