Agricultural products (11 - 20 of 180 items)
Farm Program Payments: USDA Needs to Strengthen Regulations and Oversight to Better Ensure Recipients Do Not Circumvent Payment Limitations
GAO-04-407: Published: Apr 30, 2004. Publicly Released: Jun 16, 2004.
Farmers receive about $15 billion annually in federal farm program payments to help produce major commodities, including corn, cotton, rice, and wheat. The Farm Program Payments Integrity Act of 1987 (1987 Act) limits payments to individuals and entities--such as corporations and partnerships-- that are "actively engaged in farming." GAO (1) determined how well USDA's regulations limit payments, (...
Country-Of-Origin Labeling: Opportunities for USDA and Industry to Implement Challenging Aspects of the New Law
GAO-03-780: Published: Aug 5, 2003. Publicly Released: Sep 10, 2003.
A provision in the 2002 Farm Bill requires grocery stores to identify certain commodities--beef, pork and lamb, fish and shellfish, fruits and vegetables, and peanuts--by country of origin. This provision also requires that an initial voluntary program be followed by a mandatory program by September 30, 2004. GAO was asked to identify existing programs that might be useful to USDA in crafting the...
Country-of-Origin Labeling for Certain Foods--Survey Results, an E-supplement to GAO-03-780
GAO-03-781SP: Published: Aug 5, 2003. Publicly Released: Aug 5, 2003.
A requirement that retail grocers identify certain agricultural products by country of origin was included in legislation passed in 2002. Beginning September 30, 2004 when the new law takes effect, grocery stores will have to clearly mark the covered products--beef, pork, lamb, fruits, vegetables, fish, shellfish, and peanuts--with their country of origin. GAO was asked to identify which U.S. trad...
Peanut Program: Potential Effects of Proposed Farm Bill on Producers, Consumers, Government, and Peanut Imports and Exports
GAO-01-1135R: Published: Sep 26, 2001. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 2001.
The current federal peanut program, administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, is designed to support producers' incomes while ensuring an ample supply of domestically produced peanuts. To achieve these goals, the program controls the domestic supply of peanuts and guarantees producers a minimum price for their crops. This price substantially exceeds the price for peanuts in world markets...
International Trade: Concerns Over Biotechnology Challenge U.S. Agricultural Exports
GAO-01-727: Published: Jun 15, 2001. Publicly Released: Jun 15, 2001.
This report reviews the challenges facing U.S. agricultural biotechnology products in international trade. GAO found that new regulations and guidelines that may restrict U.S. exports of crops with a large biotech component are being enacted or considered by some U.S. trading partners and are also under discussion in various international organizations. These actions address approval, labeling, an...
Food and Commodities: Federal Purchases and Major Regulations That Potentially Affect Prices Paid
RCED-00-173R: Published: Jun 15, 2000. Publicly Released: Jul 17, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the federal government's food and commodity purchases, focusing on: (1) details about federal agencies' purchases of food and agricultural commodities from fiscal year (FY) 1997 through FY 1999; and (2) information on major regulations that may affect the prices paid by these agencies for these products.GAO noted that: (1) five agenc...
Department of Agriculture, Commodity Credit Corporation: Agricultural Disaster and Market Assistance
OGC-00-36: Published: Jun 21, 2000. Publicly Released: Jun 21, 2000.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed the Commodity Credit Corporation's (CCC) major rule on the distribution of Agricultural Disaster and Market Assistance. GAO noted that: (1) the interim and final rules, in part, implement statutory provisions related to cottonseed market loss, a competitiveness program for extra long staple cotton, warehouse-stored tobacco loss assistance, pastur...
Pork Industry: Trade Barriers and Other Factors Limit Federal Programs' Potential to Increase Exports
RCED-00-41: Published: Feb 1, 2000. Publicly Released: Mar 3, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the effects that the U.S. cargo preference law and federal export assistance programs have on the pork export industry, focusing on the: (1) extent to which other countries' trade practices and the U.S. cargo preference law are impediments to exporting more pork products; (2) extent to which existing federal programs could be used to increase the e...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Marketing Assistance Loan Program Should Better Reflect Market Conditions
RCED-00-9: Published: Nov 23, 1999. Publicly Released: Nov 23, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the effects of the marketing assistance loan program on cash payments to farm producers, focusing on: (1) which producers received cash payments through the program, by type of crop and state; (2) why some producers did not participate in the program; and (3) what types of concerns have been raised about the program's effect on cash payments and po...
Fresh Produce: Potential Implications of Country-of-Origin Labeling
T-RCED-99-200: Published: May 26, 1999. Publicly Released: May 26, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed the labeling requirements for fresh produce, focusing on: (1) the potential costs associated with the compliance and enforcement of a mandatory country-of-origin labeling requirement at the retail level for fresh produce; (2) the potential trade issues associated with such a requirement; (3) the potential impact of such a requirement on the abilit...