Agricultural pests (1 - 10 of 13 items)
Homeland Security: Agriculture Inspection Program Has Made Some Improvements, but Management Challenges Persist
GAO-12-885: Published: Sep 27, 2012. Publicly Released: Oct 15, 2012.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) have taken steps to implement all seven of the recommendations GAO made in 2006 to improve the Agriculture Quarantine Inspection (AQI) program, but they face challenges in fully implementing four of them. Specifically, DHS and USDA have implemented GAO's recommendations to improve information sharing, review DH...
Homeland Security: Survey of DHS Agriculture Specialists (GAO-12-884SP, September 2012), an E-supplement to GAO-12-885
GAO-12-884SP: Published: Sep 27, 2012. Publicly Released: Oct 15, 2012.
This is an E-supplement to GAO-12-885. This e-supplement is a companion to our report on the Agriculture Quarantine Inspection (AQI) program, Homeland Security: Agriculture Inspection Program Has Made Some Improvements but Management Challenges Persist (GAO-12-885). The purpose of this e-supplement is to provide information from a web-based survey of agriculture specialists and supervisors, includ...
Agricultural Quarantine Inspection Program: Management Problems May Increase Vulnerability of U.S. Agriculture to Foreign Pests and Diseases
GAO-08-96T: Published: Oct 3, 2007. Publicly Released: Oct 3, 2007.
U.S. agriculture generates over $1 trillion in economic activity annually, but concerns exist about its vulnerability to foreign pests and diseases. Under the agricultural quarantine inspection (AQI) program, passengers and cargo are inspected at U.S. ports of entry to intercept prohibited material and pests. The Homeland Security Act of 2002 transferred responsibility for inspections from the U.S...
Agricultural Pesticides: Management Improvements Needed to Further Promote Integrated Pest Management
GAO-01-815: Published: Aug 17, 2001. Publicly Released: Sep 27, 2001.
Chemical pesticides play an important role in providing Americans with an abundant and inexpensive food supply. However, these chemicals can have adverse effects on human health and the environment, and pests continue to develop resistance to them. Sustainable and effective agricultural pest management will require continued development and increased use of alternative pest management strategies,...
Agricultural Inspection: Improvements Needed to Minimize Threat of Foreign Pests and Diseases
RCED-97-102: Published: May 5, 1997. Publicly Released: May 5, 1997.
GAO reviewed the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service's (APHIS) efforts to minimize the risks to agriculture from pests and diseases entering the United States, focusing on: (1) recent developments that could challenge the ability of APHIS' Agricultural Quarantine and Inspection program to carry out its mission; (2) APHIS' efforts to cope with these developments; and (3) the effectiveness of...
USDA's Fruit Fly Research
RCED-95-274R: Published: Sep 14, 1995. Publicly Released: Sep 14, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Agriculture Research Service's (ARS) expenditures on fruit fly research activities in Hawaii. GAO noted that: (1) ARS changed the focus of the medfly research when it failed to suppress the medfly's native population and shifted its research to the native population's resistance to sterile-male mating and ancillary suppression techniques; (2) A...
Biotechnology: Managing the Risks of Field Testing Genetically Engineered Organisms
RCED-88-27: Published: Jun 13, 1988. Publicly Released: Jul 12, 1988.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed federal risk management of genetically engineered organisms intended for agricultural and health uses in the environment, focusing on Department of Agriculture (USDA), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and Food and Drug Administration (FDA) policies.GAO found that: (1) because no laws specifically regulate genetically engineered organisms,...
Better Collection and Maintenance Procedures Needed To Help Protect Agriculture's Germplasm Resources
CED-82-7: Published: Dec 4, 1981. Publicly Released: Dec 4, 1981.
GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) storage, collection, and maintenance of germplasm, the genetic base of U.S. crops, to determine if the germplasm system adequately protects against catastrophic loss.GAO found that the system has numerous operational problems, primarily due to a lack of departmental attention and a low priority given to improving the system. Specific areas which...
Grain Fumigation: A Multifaceted Issue Needing Coordinated Attention
CED-81-152: Published: Sep 10, 1981. Publicly Released: Sep 10, 1981.
Despite many years of using fumigants to eradicate insect pests from grain and grain products and despite the involvement of many government agencies in various facets of this activity, fumigant problems remain and much still needs to be learned about fumigants and their effects on vegetation, pests, and humans. A number of fumigant-related problems were identified by GAO, including the federal go...
Weak Management in Animal Disease Control Program Results in Large Economic Losses
CED-81-96: Published: Jun 24, 1981. Publicly Released: Jun 24, 1981.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service is responsible for conducting regulatory and control programs to protect and improve the Nation's animal and plant resources. The Service has two basic units: Veterinary Services, and Plant Protection and Quarantine. GAO reviewed the Veterinary Service's Brucellosis Eradication Program to determine whether improve...