International trade (21 - 30 of 37 items)
U.S. Efforts to Increase Exports of High Value Agricultural Products
T-NSIAD-91-43: Published: Jun 25, 1991. Publicly Released: Jun 25, 1991.
GAO compared the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) approach to high-value product marketing with the approaches taken by its major competitors. GAO noted that: (1) although most foreign competitors spent less on high-value market development than the United States, they received a greater return on their marketing investment, by spending their funds in a highly targeted manner and using an integr...
U.S.-Mexico Trade: Impact of Liberalization in the Agricultural Sector
NSIAD-91-155: Published: Mar 29, 1991. Publicly Released: Apr 25, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO: (1) examined efforts to remove impediments to agricultural trade between the United States and Mexico; (2) explored the benefits of increasing such trade; (3) reviewed remaining barriers to be addressed in free-trade agreement negotiations; and (4) obtained the views of U.S. producer groups on agricultural trade liberalization.GAO found that between 1980 a...
U.S.-Mexico Agricultural Trade Liberalization
T-NSIAD-91-24: Published: Apr 24, 1991. Publicly Released: Apr 24, 1991.
GAO discussed recent developments in agricultural trade between the United States and Mexico and the views of U.S. agricultural industry groups regarding trade liberalization measures. GAO noted that: (1) Mexico's agricultural exports to the U.S. more than doubled between fiscal year (FY) 1980 and FY 1989 and U.S. and Mexican agricultural trade increased from $2.3 billion in 1982 to $5 billion in...
Agricultural Trade Negotiations at a Crossroads
T-NSIAD-91-10: Published: Feb 28, 1991. Publicly Released: Feb 28, 1991.
GAO discussed the status of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade's agricultural trade negotiations, focusing on the: (1) disagreement between the United States and the European Community (EC); (2) need for an extension of fast-track authority; and (3) importance of U.S. agricultural groups' backing. GAO noted that: (1) the United States was willing to make fundamental changes in its system o...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Strategic Marketing Needed to Lead Agribusiness in International Trade
RCED-91-22: Published: Jan 22, 1991. Publicly Released: Jan 22, 1991.
GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) management of marketing strategies to support its role in the changing international marketplace.GAO found that: (1) the USDA production-oriented philosophy was not well suited for providing marketing leadership; (2) policymakers were attempting to reduce or eliminate trade barriers and create a flexible farm program to allow farmers to make plan...
Cotton Program: The Marketing Loan Has Not Worked
RCED-90-170: Published: Jul 31, 1990. Publicly Released: Aug 10, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO analyzed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) cotton marketing loan program and identified options for improving its effectiveness.GAO found that: (1) since 1985, the marketing loan program has not achieved its objective of keeping U.S. cotton prices competitive in world markets; (2) during the 14-month price divergence period, U.S. producers lacked incen...
International Trade: Foreign Market Development for High Value Agricultural Products
NSIAD-90-47: Published: Jan 17, 1990. Publicly Released: Jan 26, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed competitor and U.S. market development for high-value agricultural products.GAO found that: (1) the United States and its foreign competitors conducted similar marketing activities for high-value agricultural products, but some competitors used a highly targeted approach which integrated market research with production and distribution capacities;...
Agribusiness Leadership: A Key to World Prosperity
142372: Jan 1, 1990
This article, which appeared in the GAO Journal, No. 10, Fall 1990, discusses the emerging structure of the global agribusiness system, focusing on: (1) agricultural commodity production emphasizing value-added products and services; (2) government policies to further encourage fair and open markets; (3) leadership strategies that encourage freer trade and a market orientation worldwide; and (4) t...
An Opportunity to Modernize U.S. Agriculture Policy
142369: Jan 1, 1990
This article, which appeared in the GAO Journal, No. 10, Fall 1990, discusses current agricultural policies and farm programs, focusing on: (1) the use of price supports and income supports to allow farms to participate in managing the amount of commodities they produce; (2) the need to improve agricultural programs by increasing the flexibility of programs, eliminating outdated programs, and prov...
U.S. Agricultural Exports: Factors Affecting Competitiveness in World Markets
RCED-87-35BR: Published: Oct 9, 1986. Publicly Released: Nov 3, 1986.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO addressed the issues of: (1) declining U.S. agricultural exports; and (2) waning U.S. competitiveness in the world agricultural market. GAO defined competitiveness as the ability to sell U.S. products in the world market at a level sufficient to sustain the U.S. market share.GAO identified a number of factors that affect U.S. agricultural competitiveness, i...