Grain and grain products (31 - 40 of 55 items)
Farm Programs: Price and Income Support Programs for Fiscal Years 1987-89
RCED-88-144FS: Published: Apr 22, 1988. Publicly Released: Apr 22, 1988.
In response to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) net cash outlays for commodity price and income support programs for 1987 through 1989.GAO found that: (1) USDA net cash outlays for commodity price and income support programs in 1987 totalled about $22.4 billion; (2) USDA estimated an additional $34.8 billion for combined 1988 and 1989 net...
Agricultural Marketing: Farmers' Marketing Practices and Programs To Teach Alternative Practices
RCED-88-78BR: Published: Mar 25, 1988. Publicly Released: Mar 25, 1988.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO studied: (1) farmers' use of three advanced marketing techniques, specifically cash-forward contracting, hedging in the futures market, and trading in agricultural options; and (2) educational programs in advanced agricultural marketing techniques.GAO found that: (1) although producers could use advanced marketing techniques to ensure commodity prices at...
Farm Programs: An Overview of Price and Income Support, and Storage Programs
RCED-88-84BR: Published: Feb 29, 1988. Publicly Released: Feb 29, 1988.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA): (1) farm price and income support programs; and (2) agricultural commodities storage program.GAO found that: (1) USDA estimated that net cash outlays for commodity price and income support programs would exceed $23 billion in fiscal year (FY) 1987; (2) nonrecourse commodity loans, the direct purchase of fa...
Farm Finance: Financial Condition of American Agriculture as of December 31, 1986
RCED-88-26BR: Published: Oct 20, 1987. Publicly Released: Oct 20, 1987.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the financial condition of American agriculture as of December 31, 1986.GAO found that, in 1986: (1) adverse economic conditions continued to affect the agricultural sector; (2) the agricultural industry produced an increased surplus in many key commodities; (3) agricultural exports declined; (4) the value of total farm assets declin...
Farm Reorganizations and Their Impact on USDA Payments
T-RCED-87-19: Published: Apr 22, 1987. Publicly Released: Apr 22, 1987.
GAO discussed its ongoing review of farm reorganizations related to the statutory payment limitation and their impact on Department of Agriculture (USDA) farm payments. GAO found that: (1) from 1984 through 1986, farm reorganizations increased as persons neared or met the payment limit; (2) the addition of new persons eligible to receive payments under the program increased its cost; (3) the conti...
International Trade: Alternative Trading Practices for International Grain Trade
NSIAD-87-90BR: Published: Mar 17, 1987. Publicly Released: Apr 22, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO: (1) provided information concerning the nature, extent, and structure of long-term bilateral grain agreements and countertrade; (2) listed the advantages and disadvantages of employing such policy trading tools; and (3) analyzed and compared selected U.S. and foreign experiences with these agreements and countertrade in the international grain market.GA...
Costs and Other Information on USDA's Commodity Certificates
T-RCED-87-10: Published: Mar 26, 1987. Publicly Released: Mar 26, 1987.
GAO discussed the Department of Agriculture's Commodity Credit Corporation's (CCC) use of commodity certificates in lieu of cash payments under commodity price-support loan programs and the cost of issuing certificates instead of cash. Farmers who receive certificates may exchange them for their crops or cash, or sell them to other farmers, grain companies, or any other interested buyers. The cost...
Grain Shipments: Agriculture Can Reduce Costs by Increased Use of Negotiated Rail Rates
RCED-87-42: Published: Jan 21, 1987. Publicly Released: Jan 27, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the methods that the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service (ASCS) used to ship government grain by rail, focusing on: (1) the extent to which USDA negotiated rate and service concessions with railroads, in comparison with private grain shippers and other government agencies; (2) savings that resul...
U.S. Agricultural Exports: Factors Affecting Competitiveness in World Markets
RCED-87-35BR: Published: Oct 9, 1986. Publicly Released: Nov 3, 1986.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO addressed the issues of: (1) declining U.S. agricultural exports; and (2) waning U.S. competitiveness in the world agricultural market. GAO defined competitiveness as the ability to sell U.S. products in the world market at a level sufficient to sustain the U.S. market share.GAO identified a number of factors that affect U.S. agricultural competitiveness, i...
The Export Enhancement Program, U.S. Foreign Agricultural Market Development Programs, CCC Export Credit Guarantee Programs, and L Term Bilateral Grain Agreements and Countertrade
131131: Sep 30, 1986
GAO discussed: (1) the status of the export enhancement program (EEP); (2) U.S. foreign market development efforts; (3) agricultural export credit programs; and (4) long-term grain agreements and countertrade. GAO noted that: (1) EEP is affecting the European Community by increasing competition, lowering affected commodity prices, increasing restitution, and contributing to additional dissent with...