Commodity marketing (1 - 10 of 43 items)
Agricultural Trade: USDA Is Monitoring Market Development Programs as Required but Could Improve Analysis of Impact
GAO-13-740: Published: Jul 31, 2013. Publicly Released: Aug 30, 2013.
Market development program participants use program funds to support a variety of activities intended to raise awareness or acceptance of U.S. agricultural products in overseas markets. Common activities include, among others, market research, consumer and retail promotion, and participation in international trade shows. GAO's analysis of expenditure data from 2007 through 2011 shows that particip...
U.S. Agriculture: Retail Food Prices Grew Faster Than the Prices Farmers Received for Agricultural Commodities, but Economic Research Has Not Established That Concentration Has Affected These Trends
GAO-09-746R: Published: Jun 30, 2009. Publicly Released: Jul 30, 2009.
Over the past 25 years, farmers have received a decreasing share of the consumer food dollar. Some analysts and farm interest groups are concerned that this decline can be attributed, in part, to increasing concentration in agriculture. They believe that firms in highly concentrated markets may be able to exert market power by raising retail food prices while also depressing prices farmers receive...
Agricultural Trade: Changes Made to Market Access Program, but Questions Remain on Economic Impact
NSIAD-99-38: Published: Apr 5, 1999. Publicly Released: Apr 5, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's implementation of legislative reforms to the Market Access Program (MAP) and their impact on program participation.GAO noted that: (1) as directed by Congress, the Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) implemented operational changes to MAP; these changes have affected program participation and distribution of funds; (2...
Agricultural Trade: Competitor Countries' Foreign Market Development Programs
T-GGD-95-184: Published: Jun 14, 1995. Publicly Released: Jun 14, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed: (1) competitor countries' foreign agricultural market development activities; and (2) state trading enterprises (STE). GAO noted that: (1) the European Union spends far more on total agricultural support than the United States; (2) foreign market development includes advertising, consumer promotion, trade servicing and market research; (3) althou...
Agricultural Marketing: Comparative Analysis of U.S. and Foreign Promotion and Research Programs
RCED-95-171: Published: Apr 28, 1995. Publicly Released: May 19, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on U.S. and foreign promotion and research programs that are designed to increase domestic and foreign sales of agricultural products, focusing on: (1) how U.S. check-off programs are planned and organized; and (2) how comparable marketing organizations in Australia, Germany, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom carry out their agricultu...
Farm Bill Issues
RCED-95-93R: Published: Feb 21, 1995. Publicly Released: Feb 21, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO summarized the major issues that the food and agriculture sector would like to see incorporated into the 1995 farm bill. GAO noted that: (1) the proposed changes to the farm bill involved environment and conservation, commodity programs, agricultural trade, and research and education; (2) many survey respondents believed that the Conservation Reserve Progra...
Agricultural Trade: Five Countries' Foreign Market Development for High-Value Products
GGD-95-12: Published: Dec 14, 1994. Publicly Released: Dec 14, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the structure, funding, and promotional activities of the organizations that develop foreign markets for high-value agricultural products (HVP), focusing on the: (1) organizations in France, Germany, the United Kingdom, and the Netherlands that help develop foreign markets for HVP; (2) Department of Agriculture's (USDA) foreign market development p...
Agricultural Marketing: Federally Authorized Commodity Research and Promotion Programs
RCED-94-63: Published: Dec 29, 1993. Publicly Released: Jan 13, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Agricultural Marketing Service's (AMS) agricultural commodity research and promotion programs, focusing on the extent of: (1) check-off fund use; (2) AMS oversight; and (3) oversight coordination between AMS and other Department of Agriculture (USDA) agencies.GAO found that: (1) as of 1992, 11 of the 18 authorized check-off board...
High-Value Product Exports: Good Potential Exists for More Trade With Taiwan, Malaysia, and Indonesia
GGD-94-52: Published: Nov 19, 1993. Publicly Released: Nov 24, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the: (1) potential for increased exports of U.S. agricultural high-value products (HVP) to Indonesia, Malaysia, and Taiwan; (2) factors that could limit HVP exports to these countries; (3) need for competitive market development activities in these countries; and (4) need to enhance the competitiveness of U.S. businesses in these mar...
Midwest Grain Quality
RCED-94-66R: Published: Nov 1, 1993. Publicly Released: Nov 1, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed damages to the current year's small grain crop, focusing on whether: (1) market conditions justify significant discounts in grain prices; (2) large grain companies use a systematic discount system for low-quality grain; and (3) large grain buyers blend low-quality grain with high-quality grain and then resell it at normal market prices. GAO found t...