Agricultural industry (91 - 100 of 173 items)
Agriculture Payments: Effectiveness of Efforts to Reduce Farm Payments Has Been Limited
RCED-92-2: Published: Dec 5, 1991. Publicly Released: Dec 11, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed whether: (1) amendments to the Food Security Act of 1985 effectively prevented producers from avoiding the $50,000 payment limit and reduced program payments; and (2) the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) computer systems effectively monitor and enforce payment limit requirements.GAO found that the Food Security Act of 1985 limited deficiency paym...
Drug Policy and Agriculture: U.S. Trade Impacts of Alternative Crops to Andean Coca
NSIAD-92-12: Published: Oct 28, 1991. Publicly Released: Nov 20, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO: (1) assessed how possible competition with U.S. agricultural exports has affected U.S. policy in assisting the production of alternative crops to coca in Bolivia and Peru; and (2) examined the possible impact of alternative crops on U.S. agricultural trade.GAO found that: (1) although the Agency for International Development (AID) proposed to provide assis...
Agriculture: Generic Promotion Program for Fruits and Vegetables
RCED-92-15: Published: Oct 17, 1991. Publicly Released: Oct 17, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO determined whether producers would support federal generic fruit and vegetable promotion programs which would pool funds from individual commodity producers to increase consumer demand for fresh fruits and vegetables.GAO found that: (1) although all of the producer representatives reviewed stated that a producer-financed generic promotion program would be u...
International Food Safety: Comparison of U.S. and Codex Pesticide Standards
PEMD-91-22: Published: Aug 22, 1991. Publicly Released: Oct 3, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO compared current U.S. and Codex Alimentarius Commission pesticide standards to determine the potential implications of such differences for U.S. trade and food safety.GAO found that: (1) key areas where differences existed between the Codex and U.S. processes for establishing pesticide standards include the mix of pesticides included in each system, the use...
Federal Dairy Programs: Information on Farm and Retail Milk Prices
RCED-91-187FS: Published: Aug 28, 1991. Publicly Released: Aug 28, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on how retail and farm-level prices have changed since 1984 for: (1) milk, cheese, and processed dairy products nationwide; and (2) milk in 29 selected U.S. cities.GAO found that: (1) milk prices at the farm level declined steadily nationwide from August 1990 through April 1991, but retail prices for milk, cheese, and processed dairy pr...
U.S. Efforts to Increase Exports of High Value Agricultural Products
T-NSIAD-91-43: Published: Jun 25, 1991. Publicly Released: Jun 25, 1991.
GAO compared the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) approach to high-value product marketing with the approaches taken by its major competitors. GAO noted that: (1) although most foreign competitors spent less on high-value market development than the United States, they received a greater return on their marketing investment, by spending their funds in a highly targeted manner and using an integr...
Agricultural Trade: Cooperator Conflict of Interest Regulation Needs Strengthening
NSIAD-91-217: Published: May 22, 1991. Publicly Released: May 22, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed whether the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) conflict-of-interest regulation for the Cooperator Foreign Market Development Program, and the restructuring of the Purebred Dairy Cattle Association's International Marketing Development Council (IMDC) effectively addressed conflict-of-interest situations for individual exporters.GAO found that:...
Food Safety and Quality: Existing Detection and Control Programs Minimize Aflatoxin
RCED-91-109: Published: May 22, 1991. Publicly Released: May 22, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined the risks posed by the presence of aflatoxin in the domestic food supply and efforts to detect and control aflatoxin levels.GAO found that: (1) corn and peanuts were the crops most susceptible to aflatoxin contamination; (2) aflatoxin posed less of a domestic food safety risk than such other hazards as salmonella and listeria; (3) aflatoxin was mor...
U.S.-Mexico Trade: Impact of Liberalization in the Agricultural Sector
NSIAD-91-155: Published: Mar 29, 1991. Publicly Released: Apr 25, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO: (1) examined efforts to remove impediments to agricultural trade between the United States and Mexico; (2) explored the benefits of increasing such trade; (3) reviewed remaining barriers to be addressed in free-trade agreement negotiations; and (4) obtained the views of U.S. producer groups on agricultural trade liberalization.GAO found that between 1980 a...
U.S.-Mexico Agricultural Trade Liberalization
T-NSIAD-91-24: Published: Apr 24, 1991. Publicly Released: Apr 24, 1991.
GAO discussed recent developments in agricultural trade between the United States and Mexico and the views of U.S. agricultural industry groups regarding trade liberalization measures. GAO noted that: (1) Mexico's agricultural exports to the U.S. more than doubled between fiscal year (FY) 1980 and FY 1989 and U.S. and Mexican agricultural trade increased from $2.3 billion in 1982 to $5 billion in...