Agricultural industry (31 - 40 of 173 items)
Country-Of-Origin Labeling: Opportunities for USDA and Industry to Implement Challenging Aspects of the New Law
GAO-03-780: Published: Aug 5, 2003. Publicly Released: Sep 10, 2003.
A provision in the 2002 Farm Bill requires grocery stores to identify certain commodities--beef, pork and lamb, fish and shellfish, fruits and vegetables, and peanuts--by country of origin. This provision also requires that an initial voluntary program be followed by a mandatory program by September 30, 2004. GAO was asked to identify existing programs that might be useful to USDA in crafting the...
Country-of-Origin Labeling for Certain Foods--Survey Results, an E-supplement to GAO-03-780
GAO-03-781SP: Published: Aug 5, 2003. Publicly Released: Aug 5, 2003.
A requirement that retail grocers identify certain agricultural products by country of origin was included in legislation passed in 2002. Beginning September 30, 2004 when the new law takes effect, grocery stores will have to clearly mark the covered products--beef, pork, lamb, fruits, vegetables, fish, shellfish, and peanuts--with their country of origin. GAO was asked to identify which U.S. trad...
Economic Models of Cattle Prices: How USDA Can Act to Improve Models to Explain Cattle Prices
GAO-02-246: Published: Mar 15, 2002. Publicly Released: Apr 15, 2002.
Concerns have been raised that the economic models used by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the U.S. International Trade Commission do not account for all the factors that affect cattle prices and producer incomes. GAO reviewed USDA's livestock model to determine whether it incorporates imports, market concentration, marketing agreements, and forward contracts. In reviewing best model...
Agricultural Trade: Impacts of the Andean Trade Preference Act on Asparagus Producers and Consumers
GAO-01-315: Published: Mar 15, 2001. Publicly Released: Mar 15, 2001.
U.S. asparagus imports increased in the 1990s and now comprise nearly one-half of the asparagus consumed in the United States. Peru is the second largest source of imported asparagus and benefits from duty-free treatment under the Andean Trade Preference Act (ATPA). ATPA is estimated to have displaced between two and eight percent of the value of domestic production from what it would have been wi...
Farm Programs: Observations on Market Loss Assistance Payments
RCED-00-177R: Published: Jun 30, 2000. Publicly Released: Jun 30, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the financial assistance to farmers called Market Loss Assistance (MLA), focusing on how MLA payments would have changed if they had been based on current-year planting information instead of the current funding formula.GAO noted that: (1) if MLA payments had been based on current-year planting information instead of historical data,...
Biotechnology: Information on Prices of Genetically Modified Seeds in the United States and Argentina
T-RCED/NSIAD-00-228: Published: Jun 29, 2000. Publicly Released: Jun 29, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed the prices of genetically modified seeds, focusing on : (1) the prices of Roundup Ready soybeans and Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) corn seeds in the United States and Argentina; and (2) major reasons for any identified price differences between the two countries.GAO noted that: (1) the ranges of commercial prices in 1998 for popular varieties of Rou...
Department of Agriculture, Commodity Credit Corporation: Agricultural Disaster and Market Assistance
OGC-00-36: Published: Jun 21, 2000. Publicly Released: Jun 21, 2000.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed the Commodity Credit Corporation's (CCC) major rule on the distribution of Agricultural Disaster and Market Assistance. GAO noted that: (1) the interim and final rules, in part, implement statutory provisions related to cottonseed market loss, a competitiveness program for extra long staple cotton, warehouse-stored tobacco loss assistance, pastur...
Sugar Program: Supporting Sugar Prices Has Increased Users' Costs While Benefiting Producers
RCED-00-126: Published: Jun 9, 2000. Publicly Released: Jun 9, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO estimated the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) sugar program's: (1) costs to domestic sweetener users; (2) benefits to domestic sugar and high-fructose corn syrup producers; and (3) net effects on the U.S. economy--the differences between the costs to users and the benefits to producers that result from artificially high sweetener prices.GAO noted that: (...
Department of Agriculture, Commodity Credit Corporation: Farm Storage Facility Loan Program
OGC-00-31: Published: May 24, 2000. Publicly Released: May 24, 2000.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed the Commodity Credit Corporation's (CCC) new rule on the Farm Storage Facility Loan Program. GAO noted that: (1) the rule implements CCC's Farm Storage Facility Loan Program utilizing authority in the CCC Charter Act; (2) the program will provide financing for producers to build or upgrade farm storage and handling facilities; and (3) CCC complie...
Pork Industry: Trade Barriers and Other Factors Limit Federal Programs' Potential to Increase Exports
RCED-00-41: Published: Feb 1, 2000. Publicly Released: Mar 3, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the effects that the U.S. cargo preference law and federal export assistance programs have on the pork export industry, focusing on the: (1) extent to which other countries' trade practices and the U.S. cargo preference law are impediments to exporting more pork products; (2) extent to which existing federal programs could be used to increase the e...