International trade (21 - 30 of 45 items)
Agricultural Trade Negotiations at a Crossroads
T-NSIAD-91-10: Published: Feb 28, 1991. Publicly Released: Feb 28, 1991.
GAO discussed the status of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade's agricultural trade negotiations, focusing on the: (1) disagreement between the United States and the European Community (EC); (2) need for an extension of fast-track authority; and (3) importance of U.S. agricultural groups' backing. GAO noted that: (1) the United States was willing to make fundamental changes in its system o...
Agricultural Trade Negotiations: Stalemate in the Uruguay Round
NSIAD-91-129: Published: Feb 1, 1991. Publicly Released: Feb 1, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed the progress in the multilateral trade negotiations of the Uruguay Round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, focusing on the agricultural trade component.GAO found that: (1) the United States and the European Community (EC) continued to disagree strongly on the nature and extent of agricultural trade liberalization; (2) participating cou...
Report on the Commodity Credit Corporation's GSM-102/103 Export Credit Guarantee Programs and Iraq's Participation in the Programs
T-NSIAD-91-1: Published: Oct 16, 1990. Publicly Released: Oct 16, 1990.
GAO discussed the Commodity Credit Corporation's (CCC) management and operations of its Export Credit Guarantee Program and Intermediate Export Credit Guarantee Program, focusing on Iraq's participation in the programs. GAO noted that: (1) the programs were U.S. government loan guarantee programs designed to increase exports of U.S. agricultural commodities and allow the exporter to obtain immedia...
Agricultural Trade: Improvements Needed in Management of Targeted Export Assistance Program
NSIAD-90-225: Published: Jun 27, 1990. Publicly Released: Jun 27, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) management of its Targeted Export Assistance (TEA) Program.GAO found that: (1) the Foreign Agriculture Service (FAS) was not adequately documenting the funding allocation decision process to clearly show how funding criteria were applied and ranked and the basis for those decisions; (2) commodity division staf...
Restrictions on U.S. Aid to Bolivia for Crop Development Competing With U.S. Agricultural Exports and their Relationship to U.S. Anti-Drug Efforts
T-NSIAD-90-52: Published: Jun 27, 1990. Publicly Released: Jun 27, 1990.
GAO discussed the restrictions on U.S. aid to developing countries for crop development that competes with U.S. agricultural exports, and their relationship to U.S. anti-drug efforts in Bolivia. GAO noted that: (1) drug legislation places certain restrictions on the use of some local currencies generated by the sale of food aid commodities in recipient countries; (2) the provisions prohibit the us...
1990 Farm Bill: Opportunities for Change
RCED-90-142: Published: Apr 10, 1990. Publicly Released: Apr 10, 1990.
GAO addressed issues that Congress should consider during the debate over the 1990 farm bill.GAO addressed: (1) commodity price and income supports; (2) farm finance; (3) crop disaster assistance; (4) conservation and environmental programs; (5) international programs; (6) food stamps; and (7) U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) management. GAO noted that the 1990 farm bill should include major...
International Trade: Foreign Market Development for High Value Agricultural Products
NSIAD-90-47: Published: Jan 17, 1990. Publicly Released: Jan 26, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed competitor and U.S. market development for high-value agricultural products.GAO found that: (1) the United States and its foreign competitors conducted similar marketing activities for high-value agricultural products, but some competitors used a highly targeted approach which integrated market research with production and distribution capacities;...
Agribusiness Leadership: A Key to World Prosperity
142372: Jan 1, 1990
This article, which appeared in the GAO Journal, No. 10, Fall 1990, discusses the emerging structure of the global agribusiness system, focusing on: (1) agricultural commodity production emphasizing value-added products and services; (2) government policies to further encourage fair and open markets; (3) leadership strategies that encourage freer trade and a market orientation worldwide; and (4) t...
Commodity Credit Corporation's Export Credit Guarantee Programs
T-NSIAD-89-9: Published: Mar 1, 1989. Publicly Released: Mar 1, 1989.
GAO discussed the Foreign Agricultural Service's (FAS) management of the Commodity Credit Corporation's (CCC) export credit guarantee programs. GAO found that: (1) in September 1988, FAS issued a policy change to exporters to clarify commodity eligibility under the programs and to allow the value of exports to include up to 25 percent imported agricultural commodities; (2) under the new policy, on...
World Agriculture: Factors Influencing Trends in World Agricultural Production and Trade
RCED-89-1: Published: Jan 19, 1989. Publicly Released: Jan 19, 1989.
In response to a congressional request, GAO provided information on issues affecting global agricultural production and trade, and the resulting impact on U.S. agricultural exports.GAO found that: (1) a sharp rise in global food imports and U.S. agricultural exports resulted from past economic growth and international lending; (2) poor economic growth and heavy debt burdens for developing countrie...