International trade (11 - 20 of 45 items)
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Market Promotion Program Could Be More Effective
T-GGD-93-38: Published: Jun 23, 1993. Publicly Released: Jun 23, 1993.
GAO discussed the Department of Agriculture's Market Promotion Program (MPP). GAO noted that: (1) during fiscal years 1986 through 1993, over $1.25 billion was authorized for MPP, but the current funding process does not address several important factors; (2) the Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) does not require commercial firms to demonstrate that MPP funds will be used to increase promotional...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Issues Related to the Export Credit Guarantee Programs
T-GGD-93-28: Published: May 6, 1993. Publicly Released: May 6, 1993.
GAO discussed the operations of the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Export Credit and Intermediate Export Credit Guarantee Programs. GAO noted that: (1) USDA makes a total of $5.7 billion in government loan guarantees available each year to foreign buyers of U.S. agricultural commodities; (2) the government has paid out $4.2 billion because of loan repayment defaults by foreign buyers; (3) futu...
Agricultural Trade: High-Value Product Sales Are Limited in Export Enhancement Program
RCED-93-101: Published: Apr 6, 1993. Publicly Released: Apr 22, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) export enhancement program (EEP), focusing on: (1) factors limiting agricultural high-value product (HVP) sales under EEP; and (2) other USDA efforts to increase HVP exports.GAO found that: (1) in fiscal years 1990 and 1991, HVP sales represented only 8 percent of total EEP funds instead of the 25 percent spec...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Improvements Needed in Market Promotion Program
T-GGD-93-17: Published: Mar 25, 1993. Publicly Released: Mar 25, 1993.
GAO discussed the Department of Agriculture's Market Promotion Program (MPP). GAO noted that: (1) MPP was created to encourage U.S. agricultural exports, focusing on high-value products, processed products, and supporting products adversely affected by unfair foreign trade practices; (2) between 1986 and 1993, MPP funding totalled more than $1.25 billion; (3) about 65 non-profit associations are i...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Better Management Could Increase Effectiveness of FAS Export Operations
T-GGD-93-5: Published: Feb 23, 1993. Publicly Released: Feb 23, 1993.
GAO discussed weaknesses that reduce the effectiveness of the Foreign Agricultural Service's (FAS) export operations and programs. GAO noted that: (1) FAS manages about $10 billion in agricultural export assistance programs that are designed to increase U.S. agricultural exports and develop foreign markets; (2) problems with FAS market promotion programs (MPP) include inadequate market research an...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Management Issues Remain Unresolved in the Market Promotion Program
T-GGD-92-25: Published: Mar 25, 1992. Publicly Released: Mar 25, 1992.
GAO commented on the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Market Promotion Program, focusing on: (1) program goals; (2) whether program regulations ensure sound fiscal management; and (3) USDA implementation of prior GAO recommendations. GAO noted that: (1) the Market Promotion Program's broad goals of development and expansion of agricultural exports can justify program support under any market sit...
Drug Policy and Agriculture: U.S. Trade Impacts of Alternative Crops to Andean Coca
NSIAD-92-12: Published: Oct 28, 1991. Publicly Released: Nov 20, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO: (1) assessed how possible competition with U.S. agricultural exports has affected U.S. policy in assisting the production of alternative crops to coca in Bolivia and Peru; and (2) examined the possible impact of alternative crops on U.S. agricultural trade.GAO found that: (1) although the Agency for International Development (AID) proposed to provide assis...
International Food Safety: Comparison of U.S. and Codex Pesticide Standards
PEMD-91-22: Published: Aug 22, 1991. Publicly Released: Oct 3, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO compared current U.S. and Codex Alimentarius Commission pesticide standards to determine the potential implications of such differences for U.S. trade and food safety.GAO found that: (1) key areas where differences existed between the Codex and U.S. processes for establishing pesticide standards include the mix of pesticides included in each system, the use...
U.S.-Mexico Trade: Impact of Liberalization in the Agricultural Sector
NSIAD-91-155: Published: Mar 29, 1991. Publicly Released: Apr 25, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO: (1) examined efforts to remove impediments to agricultural trade between the United States and Mexico; (2) explored the benefits of increasing such trade; (3) reviewed remaining barriers to be addressed in free-trade agreement negotiations; and (4) obtained the views of U.S. producer groups on agricultural trade liberalization.GAO found that between 1980 a...
U.S.-Mexico Agricultural Trade Liberalization
T-NSIAD-91-24: Published: Apr 24, 1991. Publicly Released: Apr 24, 1991.
GAO discussed recent developments in agricultural trade between the United States and Mexico and the views of U.S. agricultural industry groups regarding trade liberalization measures. GAO noted that: (1) Mexico's agricultural exports to the U.S. more than doubled between fiscal year (FY) 1980 and FY 1989 and U.S. and Mexican agricultural trade increased from $2.3 billion in 1982 to $5 billion in...