Commodity marketing (41 - 50 of 62 items)
Agricultural Trade: Causes and Impacts of Increased Fruit and Vegetable Imports
RCED-88-149BR: Published: May 10, 1988. Publicly Released: May 10, 1988.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information regarding the extent, causes, and impact of the rise in fruit and vegetable imports.GAO found that, from 1980 through 1986: (1) vegetable imports rose from $738 million to $1.6 billion; (2) fruit imports rose from $482 million to $1.6 billion; (3) fruit import shares rose from 26 percent to 33 percent; (4) vegetable import shares rose f...
Trends and Impacts of Fruit and Vegetable Imports
T-RCED-88-40: Published: May 10, 1988. Publicly Released: May 10, 1988.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed U.S. fruit and vegetable imports. GAO noted that: (1) fruit imports rose from $482 million in 1980 to $1.6 billion in 1987; (2) vegetable imports rose from $738 million in 1980 to about $1.6 billion in 1986; (3) imported fruit's share rose from 26 percent in 1980 to over 33 percent in 1986; and (4) the imported processed vegetable market share dou...
USDA's Commodity Program: The Accuracy of Budget Forecasts
PEMD-88-8: Published: Apr 21, 1988. Publicly Released: May 9, 1988.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the accuracy of the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) commodity program budget forecasts for 1972 through 1986 to determine the reasons for errors.GAO found that the USDA commodity programs' budget estimates: (1) were substantially incorrect in most years, with absolute errors totalling $64.1 billion and averaging about $4.3 billion annually; and...
Agricultural Marketing: Farmers' Marketing Practices and Programs To Teach Alternative Practices
RCED-88-78BR: Published: Mar 25, 1988. Publicly Released: Mar 25, 1988.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO studied: (1) farmers' use of three advanced marketing techniques, specifically cash-forward contracting, hedging in the futures market, and trading in agricultural options; and (2) educational programs in advanced agricultural marketing techniques.GAO found that: (1) although producers could use advanced marketing techniques to ensure commodity prices at...
Agricultural Trade Legislation: Title VI, H.R. 3
T-NSIAD-87-24: Published: Mar 31, 1987. Publicly Released: Mar 31, 1987.
GAO discussed Title VI of the Trade and International Economic Policy Reform Act of 1987, which would significantly restructure and reorient the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) management of agricultural trade. GAO believes that: (1) designating USDA as lead agency for agricultural trade and trade policy matters is unnecessary; (2) transferring the International Economic Division and the World...
Costs and Other Information on USDA's Commodity Certificates
T-RCED-87-10: Published: Mar 26, 1987. Publicly Released: Mar 26, 1987.
GAO discussed the Department of Agriculture's Commodity Credit Corporation's (CCC) use of commodity certificates in lieu of cash payments under commodity price-support loan programs and the cost of issuing certificates instead of cash. Farmers who receive certificates may exchange them for their crops or cash, or sell them to other farmers, grain companies, or any other interested buyers. The cost...
Commodity Futures Trading: Preliminary Information on the Viability of the Cattle Futures Markets
RCED-87-83: Published: Jan 16, 1987. Publicly Released: Jan 16, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO provided preliminary information on its study of the cattle futures markets.GAO found that: (1) the cattle industry has suffered serious financial stress in recent years because of high interest rates, low cattle prices, and declining land values; (2) although the price of cattle today is twice what it was 20 to 30 years ago, the decline in the dollar's...
Farm Programs: An Analysis of Two Production Control Options
RCED-86-137: Published: Aug 11, 1986. Publicly Released: Aug 11, 1986.
Because the problem of large crop surpluses and depressed commodity prices continues to be part of the U.S. farm agenda, GAO completed a comparative analysis of the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Payment-in-Kind program (PIK) and an alternative program design for use in future farm policy and program decisions, using a private contractor's state-of-the-art policy simulation model.GAO noted tha...
1983 Payment-in-Kind Program Overview: Its Design, Impact, and Cost
RCED-85-89: Published: Sep 25, 1985. Publicly Released: Sep 25, 1985.
GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) 1983 Payment-In-Kind (PIK) program to determine the: (1) design and justification of key 1983 PIK program provisions; (2) program's impact and cost; (3) distribution of payments to farmers; and (4) effectiveness of the acquisition and delivery of commodities to farmers.GAO found that: (1) the USDA determination that the $50,000 payment limitation...
Losses in the Department of Agriculture's Tobacco Program
RCED-85-167: Published: Sep 18, 1985. Publicly Released: Sep 18, 1985.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided pricing and cost information on flue-cured tobacco under the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) tobacco program. Specifically, GAO estimated: (1) the losses that USDA could incur on 1976 through 1981 tobacco crops; (2) the total inventory price reduction resulting from USDA-approved discount sale terms; (3) the total price reduction on actual tobac...