Agricultural production (31 - 40 of 43 items)
Department of Agriculture's Acquisition and Distribution of Commodities for Its 1983 Payment-in-Kind Program
RCED-84-137: Published: Sep 25, 1984. Publicly Released: Nov 27, 1984.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Payment-in-Kind (PIK) program, which compensates farmers who withhold production of any of five types of commodities with certain amounts of the crops they would otherwise have harvested.GAO found that, in 1983, producers idled about 48 million of the 212 million acres USDA had expected to be planted in the fi...
Department of Agriculture Is Using Improved Payment Procedures for Its 1984 Farm Programs
RCED-84-159: Published: Aug 6, 1984. Publicly Released: Aug 13, 1984.
In response to a congressional request, GAO examined whether: (1) Department of Agriculture (USDA) procedures for 1983 farm programs allow a farmer to receive payments based on the average yields of land rather than on the yield of the land actually set aside; (2) individual farmers received payments beyond the production capability of the land actually set aside; and (3) there are any cost-effect...
Congressional Decision Needed on Necessity of Federal Wool Program
CED-82-86: Published: Aug 2, 1982. Publicly Released: Aug 2, 1982.
GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's wool incentive payment program to determine whether it is accomplishing its objectives and whether these objectives are still valid.The federal wool incentive program has had little effect on encouraging wool production and improving wool quality because decisions to raise sheep are based primarily on the profitability of the lamb market. Since most pro...
Tobacco Program's Production Rights and Effects on Competition
CED-82-70: Published: Apr 23, 1982. Publicly Released: May 5, 1982.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed certain aspects of the Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service's (ASCS) flue-cured and burley-cured tobacco programs to determine: (1) by occupation or source of income, the owners of tobacco allotments and quotas that are leased or rented; (2) the amounts and average costs of the leased or rented allotments and quotas; (3) the program'...
Agriculture's Set-Aside Programs Should Be Improved
CED-80-9: Published: Jan 11, 1980. Publicly Released: Jan 11, 1980.
The Department of Agriculture's wheat and feed grain set-aside programs are intended to reduce expected surpluses of particular crops. In return for taking acreage out of production, producers are eligible for commodity loans and purchases as well as deficiency, disaster, and diversion payments. A review of producer compliance with the programs' requirements identified certain areas in which the e...
Commodity Credit Corporation's (CCC) Commodity Loan and Grain Reserve Programs
108538: Jan 29, 1979
A review was made of the management of the Commodity Credit Corporation's (CCC) commodity loan and grain reserve programs which are administered by the Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service (ASCS). A previous review indicated the need for improvements in (1) the methods followed by county commodity inspectors in taking grain measurements which, along with the test weight, are used as...
Changing Character and Structure of American Agriculture: An Overview
CED-78-178: Published: Sep 26, 1978. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 1978.
The number of farms in the United States dropped from a high of 6.8 million in 1935 to 2.34 million reported in 1974. Only 1.7 million farms are considered to be commercial, selling more than $2,500 of goods per year. Average farm size jumped from 197 acres in 1940 to 440 in 1974, and the average size of commercial farms is 534 acres. It is estimated that today less than one-half of all farmland i...
What Causes Food Prices To Rise? What Can Be Done About It?
CED-78-170: Published: Sep 8, 1978. Publicly Released: Sep 8, 1978.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), food price levels increased 57 percent from the beginning of 1970 through 1976, including a 31-percent increase in 1973 and 1974. The Consumer Price Index shows that over the last 50 years food prices have been susceptible to wider fluctuations than the prices of other goods. Farm prices and food prices are generally generated in two different mar...
Federal Deficiency Payments Should Not Be Made for Crops Not Grown
CED-77-77: Published: May 24, 1977. Publicly Released: May 24, 1977.
The Commodity Credit Corporation is making an estimated $135 million in deficiency payments to rice farmers for the 1976 rice crop. These payments are based on the extent that the national average market price received by rice farmers was below a target price established by law.About $5 million of the deficiency payments will be paid to farmers who had rice acreage allotments, but did not plant ri...
Food and Agriculture Issues for Planning
CED-77-61: Published: Apr 22, 1977. Publicly Released: Apr 22, 1977.
Food and agricultural issues facing the Congress and the Nation are identified, and each of these issues are tied into a series of "food system goals" which could represent a principal element of a national food policy. Important issues related to the goal of assuring safe, nutritious food for all segments of the population are: evaluating the effectiveness of Federal efforts to establish and prom...