Agricultural policies (21 - 30 of 51 items)
Agricultural Marketing: Farmers' Marketing Practices and Programs To Teach Alternative Practices
RCED-88-78BR: Published: Mar 25, 1988. Publicly Released: Mar 25, 1988.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO studied: (1) farmers' use of three advanced marketing techniques, specifically cash-forward contracting, hedging in the futures market, and trading in agricultural options; and (2) educational programs in advanced agricultural marketing techniques.GAO found that: (1) although producers could use advanced marketing techniques to ensure commodity prices at...
Food Assistance: Practices of the European Community and Selected Member Nations
RCED-88-102: Published: Mar 15, 1988. Publicly Released: Mar 15, 1988.
In response to a congressional request, GAO examined the food assistance programs of the European Community and four of its members, focusing on their program operation and use of agricultural surpluses.GAO found that: (1) both the European Community and individual member nations sponsor food assistance programs; (2) the program's primary aims are to assist the needy and reduce agricultural surplu...
Farm Programs: An Overview of Price and Income Support, and Storage Programs
RCED-88-84BR: Published: Feb 29, 1988. Publicly Released: Feb 29, 1988.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA): (1) farm price and income support programs; and (2) agricultural commodities storage program.GAO found that: (1) USDA estimated that net cash outlays for commodity price and income support programs would exceed $23 billion in fiscal year (FY) 1987; (2) nonrecourse commodity loans, the direct purchase of fa...
Farm Finance: Financial Condition of American Agriculture as of December 31, 1986
RCED-88-26BR: Published: Oct 20, 1987. Publicly Released: Oct 20, 1987.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the financial condition of American agriculture as of December 31, 1986.GAO found that, in 1986: (1) adverse economic conditions continued to affect the agricultural sector; (2) the agricultural industry produced an increased surplus in many key commodities; (3) agricultural exports declined; (4) the value of total farm assets declin...
Farm Payments: USDA's Proposed Changes to the $50,000 Payment Limit Could Be Improved
RCED-87-190: Published: Sep 11, 1987. Publicly Released: Sep 11, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) report to Congress on the $50,000-per-person payment limitation on farm program direct payments.GAO found that: (1) USDA proposed to limit total payments to any individual to $50,000 regardless of whether the individual owned or shared ownership of a farm; (2) the proposal would not achieve the desired effe...
Farm Programs: Analysis of Options for Targeting Payments and Crop Loans
RCED-87-144: Published: Sep 10, 1987. Publicly Released: Sep 10, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO examined the various options for targeting farm price and income stabilization programs, including: (1) redistributing payments from financially sound to financially stressed farmers; (2) lowering the statutory payment limit; and (3) limiting crop loans.GAO found that: (1) based on two different models, the first option would decrease farm payments from...
Farm Payments: Implications of Targeting Farm Income Supports
RCED-87-99: Published: Jun 10, 1987. Publicly Released: Jun 10, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO analyzed possible ways to target a greater share of direct income-support payments to farmers in the greatest financial need, focusing on the potential effects of general targeting options with identified agricultural policy objectives.GAO found that the option of reducing the current annual payment limit: (1) could potentially reduce income support to h...
Agricultural Competitiveness: An Overview of the Challenge To Enhance Exports
RCED-87-100: Published: May 7, 1987. Publicly Released: May 7, 1987.
GAO reviewed issues affecting U.S. agricultural exports, focusing on: (1) the growth and decline in U.S. agricultural exports; (2) factors affecting the competitiveness of international trade; and (3) the consequences of a declining world market.GAO found that: (1) in fiscal year 1982, U.S. agricultural exports began a downward trend that resulted from changing global macroeconomic conditions, dom...
Farm Reorganizations and Their Impact on USDA Payments
T-RCED-87-19: Published: Apr 22, 1987. Publicly Released: Apr 22, 1987.
GAO discussed its ongoing review of farm reorganizations related to the statutory payment limitation and their impact on Department of Agriculture (USDA) farm payments. GAO found that: (1) from 1984 through 1986, farm reorganizations increased as persons neared or met the payment limit; (2) the addition of new persons eligible to receive payments under the program increased its cost; (3) the conti...
Farm Programs: Payments and Loans to Foreign Owners of U.S. Cropland
RCED-87-81BR: Published: Mar 19, 1987. Publicly Released: Apr 3, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the extent of the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) farm program payments and loans to foreign individuals and entities that owned U.S. cropland.GAO found that: (1) USDA estimated that farm program costs would reach $72 billion for a 3-year period ending in 1988, with a large part of the funds going to producers for taking cropland out of produ...