Agricultural marketing (31 - 40 of 44 items)
Reviews of Department of Agriculture Activities
114747: Mar 18, 1981
GAO provided information on the results of some of its reviews concerning Department of Agriculture activities and related presidential budget proposals including: the Dairy Price-Support Program, the subject of parity as a tool for formulating and evaluating agricultural policy, the suspension of grain sales to Russia, the Farmer-Owned Grain Reserve Program, the need for railroads to make better...
Promoting Agricultural Exports to Latin America
ID-81-05: Published: Dec 11, 1980. Publicly Released: Dec 11, 1980.
The Department of Agriculture's Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) uses relatively little of its resources to promote agricultural exports to Latin America. Additional promotion efforts could assist in tapping the potential of the market.GAO found that FAS has promoted exports to Latin America primarily through: (1) market development activities carried out by service organizations; (2) periodic F...
An Assessment of Parity as a Tool for Formulating and Evaluating Agricultural Policy
CED-81-11: Published: Oct 10, 1980. Publicly Released: Oct 10, 1980.
The essence of U.S. farm policy has been to provide a certain level of economic security to the farm sector through various government programs. Until 1973, these programs were linked to parity, a measure of the purchasing power of farm commodities today in relation to their purchasing power during the base period of 1910 to 1914. Although most programs are now linked to costs of production, polic...
Export Reporting for Agricultural Products
ID-79-38: Published: Jun 5, 1979. Publicly Released: Jul 6, 1979.
A request was made for information on the number and types of firms currently reporting export sales to the Department of Agriculture (USDA). Inquiries with pertinent officials in the executive branch were initiated to determine the availability of the information. As currently operated, the USDA's export reporting system does not divide reporting exporters into categories such as the following: (...
Food, Agriculture, and Nutrition Issues for Planning
CED-79-36: Published: Jan 29, 1979. Publicly Released: Jan 29, 1979.
Food, agriculture, and nutrition issues facing Congress and the nation are described in an effort to identify food system goals that represent the main elements of a national food policy. GAO prepared program plans centering on 35 different issues that set out strategies involving the growth of world population, increase in food demands, and efficient distribution of food production resources. A n...
Changing Character and Structure of American Agriculture: An Overview
CED-78-178: Published: Sep 26, 1978. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 1978.
The number of farms in the United States dropped from a high of 6.8 million in 1935 to 2.34 million reported in 1974. Only 1.7 million farms are considered to be commercial, selling more than $2,500 of goods per year. Average farm size jumped from 197 acres in 1940 to 440 in 1974, and the average size of commercial farms is 534 acres. It is estimated that today less than one-half of all farmland i...
What Causes Food Prices To Rise? What Can Be Done About It?
CED-78-170: Published: Sep 8, 1978. Publicly Released: Sep 8, 1978.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), food price levels increased 57 percent from the beginning of 1970 through 1976, including a 31-percent increase in 1973 and 1974. The Consumer Price Index shows that over the last 50 years food prices have been susceptible to wider fluctuations than the prices of other goods. Farm prices and food prices are generally generated in two different mar...
The Department of Agriculture Should Be Authorized To Charge for Cotton Classing and Tobacco Grading Services
CED-77-105: Published: Aug 2, 1977. Publicly Released: Aug 2, 1977.
The provision of free cotton classing and tobacco grading to producers is inconsistent with the government's policy of charging fees for special services and the practice of charging for grading other commodities.Most agricultural commodities, other than cotton and tobacco, are graded by the Department of Agriculture (USDA) on a reimbursable basis. In fiscal year 1976, USDA spent $66.2 million gra...
Food and Agriculture Models for Policy Analysis
CED-77-87: Published: Jul 13, 1977. Publicly Released: Jul 13, 1977.
In recent years, a large number of computer-based models have been developed to help the agricultural community analyze trends, identify problems, and evaluate policy alternatives.Over 50 models with potential for food and agricultural issue analysis were identified. These models vary by scope, size, methodology, and issues covered. They can be viewed as a hierarchical set of analytical tools whic...
Food and Agriculture Issues for Planning
CED-77-61: Published: Apr 22, 1977. Publicly Released: Apr 22, 1977.
Food and agricultural issues facing the Congress and the Nation are identified, and each of these issues are tied into a series of "food system goals" which could represent a principal element of a national food policy. Important issues related to the goal of assuring safe, nutritious food for all segments of the population are: evaluating the effectiveness of Federal efforts to establish and prom...