Agricultural commodities (61 - 70 of 259 items)
Food Aid: Management Improvements Are Needed to Achieve Program Objectives
NSIAD-93-168: Published: Jul 23, 1993. Publicly Released: Aug 24, 1993.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed the Agency for International Development's (AID) Emergency and Private Assistance Program and Food for Development Program, which provide agricultural commodities to developing countries, focusing on: (1) the commodities' use and impact on local currencies; (2) the commodities' impact on enhancing food security; and (3) AID program management.GAO...
Agricultural Trade: Significance of High-Value Products as Agricultural Exports
GGD-93-120: Published: Aug 10, 1993. Publicly Released: Aug 10, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed U.S. exports of high-value agricultural products (HVP) and the economic benefits of exporting these products, focusing on: (1) the governmentwide strategy for guiding U.S. export promotion programs; (2) U.S. and world trade statistics for HVP; (3) economic issues associated with HVP and bulk commodities exports; (4) the Department of Agriculture's...
Food Assistance: School Milk Contract Bid-Rigging
T-RCED-93-63: Published: Jul 21, 1993. Publicly Released: Jul 21, 1993.
GAO discussed school milk contract bid-rigging. GAO noted that: (1) federal programs designed to provide price stability in the dairy industry may foster improper collusion on milk prices, but there is no evidence that these agricultural programs are responsible for improper bidding behavior; (2) the Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the Department of Justice (DOJ) could benefit from a systemat...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Market Promotion Program Could Be More Effective
T-GGD-93-38: Published: Jun 23, 1993. Publicly Released: Jun 23, 1993.
GAO discussed the Department of Agriculture's Market Promotion Program (MPP). GAO noted that: (1) during fiscal years 1986 through 1993, over $1.25 billion was authorized for MPP, but the current funding process does not address several important factors; (2) the Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) does not require commercial firms to demonstrate that MPP funds will be used to increase promotional...
U.S. Food Aid Exports: The Role of Cargo Preference
T-GGD-93-34: Published: Jun 17, 1993. Publicly Released: Jun 17, 1993.
GAO discussed issues related to U.S. cargo preference laws, including the impact that the laws will have on food aid to Russia under the Food for Progress Program (FPP). GAO noted that: (1) although the additional cost of using U.S.-flagged vessels decreased by 50 percent from 1979 to 1989 the cost has increased since 1989; (2) the number of U.S.-flagged vessels and U.S. merchant marine personnel...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Issues Related to the Export Credit Guarantee Programs
T-GGD-93-28: Published: May 6, 1993. Publicly Released: May 6, 1993.
GAO discussed the operations of the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Export Credit and Intermediate Export Credit Guarantee Programs. GAO noted that: (1) USDA makes a total of $5.7 billion in government loan guarantees available each year to foreign buyers of U.S. agricultural commodities; (2) the government has paid out $4.2 billion because of loan repayment defaults by foreign buyers; (3) futu...
Agricultural Trade: High-Value Product Sales Are Limited in Export Enhancement Program
RCED-93-101: Published: Apr 6, 1993. Publicly Released: Apr 22, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) export enhancement program (EEP), focusing on: (1) factors limiting agricultural high-value product (HVP) sales under EEP; and (2) other USDA efforts to increase HVP exports.GAO found that: (1) in fiscal years 1990 and 1991, HVP sales represented only 8 percent of total EEP funds instead of the 25 percent spec...
Conservation Reserve Program: Cost-Effectiveness Is Uncertain
RCED-93-132: Published: Mar 26, 1993. Publicly Released: Mar 30, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed: (1) the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) to determine whether CRP balances the cost of the land enrolled and the environmental benefits received; and (2) other USDA conservation initiatives designed to reduce the environmental impact on agriculture.GAO found that: (1) USDA has not quantified how the removal of...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Improvements Needed in Market Promotion Program
T-GGD-93-17: Published: Mar 25, 1993. Publicly Released: Mar 25, 1993.
GAO discussed the Department of Agriculture's Market Promotion Program (MPP). GAO noted that: (1) MPP was created to encourage U.S. agricultural exports, focusing on high-value products, processed products, and supporting products adversely affected by unfair foreign trade practices; (2) between 1986 and 1993, MPP funding totalled more than $1.25 billion; (3) about 65 non-profit associations are i...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Better Management Could Increase Effectiveness of FAS Export Operations
T-GGD-93-5: Published: Feb 23, 1993. Publicly Released: Feb 23, 1993.
GAO discussed weaknesses that reduce the effectiveness of the Foreign Agricultural Service's (FAS) export operations and programs. GAO noted that: (1) FAS manages about $10 billion in agricultural export assistance programs that are designed to increase U.S. agricultural exports and develop foreign markets; (2) problems with FAS market promotion programs (MPP) include inadequate market research an...