Agricultural commodities (11 - 20 of 259 items)
Farm Program Payments: USDA Needs to Strengthen Regulations and Oversight to Better Ensure Recipients Do Not Circumvent Payment Limitations
GAO-04-407: Published: Apr 30, 2004. Publicly Released: Jun 16, 2004.
Farmers receive about $15 billion annually in federal farm program payments to help produce major commodities, including corn, cotton, rice, and wheat. The Farm Program Payments Integrity Act of 1987 (1987 Act) limits payments to individuals and entities--such as corporations and partnerships-- that are "actively engaged in farming." GAO (1) determined how well USDA's regulations limit payments, (...
Tobacco Exports: USDA's Foreign Agriculture Service Lacks Specific Guidance for Congressional Restrictions on Promoting Tobacco
GAO-03-618: Published: May 30, 2003. Publicly Released: Jul 1, 2003.
Since 1994, the Agriculture Appropriations Act has prohibited the funding of tobacco export programs and restricted the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) tobacco-related activities. Since 1998, the Commerce, Justice, and State Appropriations Act has placed similar restrictions on the Departments of Commerce and State and the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR), although it has not...
School Meal Programs: Estimated Costs for Three Administrative Processes at Selected Locations
GAO-02-944: Published: Sep 25, 2002. Publicly Released: Sep 25, 2002.
Each school day, millions of children receive meals and snacks provided through the National School Lunch and National School Breakfast Programs. Any child at a participating school may purchase a meal through these school meal programs, and children from households that apply and meet established income guidelines can receive these meals free or at a reduced price. The federal government reimburs...
Food Aid: Experience of U.S. Programs Suggests Opportunities for Improvement
GAO-02-801T: Published: Jun 4, 2002. Publicly Released: Jun 4, 2002.
The United States spent $50 billion (2002 dollars) on food aid between 1979 and 2003. Notwithstanding these sizable donations and donations by other countries, the need for food aid in the developing world far exceeds available supply. U.S. food aid is provided through six programs administered by the Department of Agriculture and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). These progra...
Foreign Assistance: Global Food for Education Initiative Faces Challenges for Successful Implementation
GAO-02-328: Published: Feb 28, 2002. Publicly Released: Feb 28, 2002.
At the Group of Eight industrialized countries' summit in July 2000, President Clinton proposed a Global Food for Education Initiative (GFEI) whereby developed countries would provide school breakfasts or lunches to needy children in poor countries. The aim of the initiative is to use school meals to attract children to school, keep them attending once they enroll, and improve learning. The presid...
Farm Programs: Changes to the Marketing Assistance Loan Program Have Had Little Impact on Payments
GAO-01-964: Published: Sep 28, 2001. Publicly Released: Nov 5, 2001.
Under the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Marketing Assistance Loan Program, the federal government accepts harvested crops as collateral for interest-bearing loans (marketing assistance loans) that are typically due in nine months. When market prices drop below the loan rate (the loan price per pound or bushel), the government allows farmers to repay the loan at a lower rate and retain ownersh...
Peanut Program: Potential Effects of Proposed Farm Bill on Producers, Consumers, Government, and Peanut Imports and Exports
GAO-01-1135R: Published: Sep 26, 2001. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 2001.
The current federal peanut program, administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, is designed to support producers' incomes while ensuring an ample supply of domestically produced peanuts. To achieve these goals, the program controls the domestic supply of peanuts and guarantees producers a minimum price for their crops. This price substantially exceeds the price for peanuts in world markets...
Farm Programs: Information on Recipients of Federal Payments
GAO-01-606: Published: Jun 15, 2001. Publicly Released: Jul 17, 2001.
Payments to farmers under federal farm programs have reached an historic high--over $20 billion in fiscal year 2000. Nearly half of U.S. farms are receiving payments for income or price support purposes and/or for engaging in activities such as land conservation. These payments, in total, made up almost one-half of net farm income in fiscal year 2000. Despite the annual influx of billions of feder...
Foreign Assistance: U.S. Food Aid Program to Russia Had Weak Internal Controls
NSIAD/AIMD-00-329: Published: Sep 29, 2000. Publicly Released: Oct 30, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the internal controls used by the Foreign Agricultural Service in its management of the fiscal year 1999 government-to-government food aid programs to Russia, focusing on: (1) the adequacy of internal controls used to monitor the distribution of food aid commodities; (2) the adequacy of procedures for monitoring collections and depos...
Foreign Assistance: U.S. Bilateral Food Assistance to North Korea Had Mixed Results
NSIAD-00-175: Published: Jun 15, 2000. Publicly Released: Jul 17, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the U.S. bilateral food assistance project in North Korea, focusing on the: (1) objectives, accomplishments, key factors affecting performance, and monitoring effectiveness of the potato component of the bilateral aid project; (2) objectives, accomplishments, key factors affecting performance, and monitoring effectiveness of the food-for-work compo...