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Agriculture and Food (71 - 80 of 1,559 items)
Dietary Supplements: FDA May Have Opportunities to Expand Its Use of Reported Health Problems to Oversee Products
GAO-13-244: Published: Mar 18, 2013. Publicly Released: Mar 18, 2013.
From 2008 through 2011, the Department of Health and Human Services' Food and Drug Administration (FDA) received 6,307 reports of health problems--adverse event reports (AER)--for dietary supplements; 71 percent came from industry as serious adverse events as required by law, and most of these AERs were linked with supplements containing a combination of ingredients, such as vitamins and minerals...
WIC Program: Improved Oversight of Income Eligibility Determination Needed
GAO-13-290: Published: Feb 28, 2013. Publicly Released: Mar 8, 2013.
The discretion granted by federal law, regulations, and guidance in certain areas of income eligibility determination for the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) has resulted in policy variation across states and localities. For example, while national survey data show that many states use an applicant's current income to determine income eligibility, GAO'...
Food Assistance: Briefing on U.S. Department of Agriculture's Food Assistance Procurement Process
GAO-13-395R: Published: Mar 7, 2013. Publicly Released: Mar 7, 2013.
In summary, while USDA's organization and management structure for its food assistance procurement might suggest overlap, GAO found no duplication of Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) and Farm Service Agency (FSA) efforts. For example, AMS and FSA follow similar contracting rules and regulations; however, AMS and FSA have different procurement processes and funding authorities and purchase diff...
Agricultural Quarantine Inspection Fees: Major Changes Needed to Align Fee Revenues with Program Costs
GAO-13-268: Published: Mar 1, 2013. Publicly Released: Mar 1, 2013.
GAO's analysis of the Agricultural Quarantine Inspection (AQI) fee and cost data revealed a more than $325 million gap between fee revenues and total program costs in fiscal year 2011, or 38 percent of AQI program costs. The program, which is co-administered by the Department of Agriculture (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) and Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Customs...
International Food Assistance: U.S. Nonemergency Food Aid Programs Have Similar Objectives but Some Planning Helps Limit Overlap
GAO-13-141R: Published: Dec 12, 2012. Publicly Released: Dec 12, 2012.
USAID and USDA share broad objectives for nonemergency food aid programs; however, the agencies have established some planning processes to limit overlap in these programs. For example, both USAID and USDA have objectives that address financial services, infrastructure, agricultural productivity, agribusiness development, and child and maternal nutrition needs in food insecure countries. Some of t...
Food Safety: FDA Can Better Oversee Food Imports by Assessing and Leveraging Other Countries' Oversight Resources
GAO-12-933: Published: Sep 28, 2012. Publicly Released: Oct 31, 2012.
We identified five major actions the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is to complete under the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) to establish a reliable system that uses third-party audits conducted by foreign governments or other third parties to help ensure food safety. FDA officials and others report that each of these actions presents challenges that must be addressed. First, FDA is t...
H-2A Visa Program: Modernization and Improved Guidance Could Reduce Employer Application Burden
GAO-12-706: Published: Sep 12, 2012. Publicly Released: Oct 15, 2012.
Over 90 percent of employer applications for H-2A workers were approved in fiscal year (FY) 2011, but some employers experienced processing delays. For example, the Department of Labor (Labor) processed 63 percent of applications in a timely manner in FY 2011, but 37 percent were processed after the deadline, including 7 percent that were approved less than 15 days before workers were needed. This...
Homeland Security: Agriculture Inspection Program Has Made Some Improvements, but Management Challenges Persist
GAO-12-885: Published: Sep 27, 2012. Publicly Released: Oct 15, 2012.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) have taken steps to implement all seven of the recommendations GAO made in 2006 to improve the Agriculture Quarantine Inspection (AQI) program, but they face challenges in fully implementing four of them. Specifically, DHS and USDA have implemented GAO's recommendations to improve information sharing, review DH...
Homeland Security: Survey of DHS Agriculture Specialists (GAO-12-884SP, September 2012), an E-supplement to GAO-12-885
GAO-12-884SP: Published: Sep 27, 2012. Publicly Released: Oct 15, 2012.
This is an E-supplement to GAO-12-885. This e-supplement is a companion to our report on the Agriculture Quarantine Inspection (AQI) program, Homeland Security: Agriculture Inspection Program Has Made Some Improvements but Management Challenges Persist (GAO-12-885). The purpose of this e-supplement is to provide information from a web-based survey of agriculture specialists and supervisors, includ...
International Food Assistance: Improved Targeting Would Help Enable USAID to Reach Vulnerable Groups
GAO-12-862: Published: Sep 24, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 24, 2012.
In-country, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and its implementing partners face a range of factors that, to varying degrees, affect their ability to target food assistance effectively to vulnerable groups. These factors include (1) the quality of data used to identify and reach recipients, (2) host government policies, and (3) sharing of rations among recipients and community...