Browsing Publications by Date (121 - 130 of 652 items) in Past Year
Released on December 02, 2016
American Samoa: Alternatives for Raising Minimum Wages to Keep Pace with the Cost of Living and Reach the Federal Level
GAO-17-83: Published: Dec 2, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 2, 2016.
Federal legislation passed in 2007 created a schedule of periodic increases to minimum wages in American Samoa. During the previous 50 years, special industry committees had periodically recommended industry-specific minimum wages. Historically, minimum wages in the U.S. territory have generally remained below the federal minimum wage (see fig.). The current schedule of increases would raise all A...
Hazardous Materials Rail Shipments: A Review of Emergency Response Information in Selected Train Documents
GAO-17-130: Published: Dec 2, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 2, 2016.
To help emergency responders safely handle rail accidents involving hazardous materials, selected railroads transporting hazardous materials typically carry two sources of information: the Department of Transportation's (DOT) Emergency Response Guidebook ( ERG ) and information in the trains' documents. Federal Hazardous Material Regulations require railroads and other hazardous material transpo...
Motor Carriers: Establishing System for Self-Reporting Equipment Problems Appears Feasible, but Safety Benefits Questionable and Costs Unknown
GAO-17-132: Published: Dec 2, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 2, 2016.
Establishing a system that would provide incentives for trucking companies to self-report equipment problems may not necessarily yield safety benefits. Most stakeholders GAO interviewed—including selected carriers and drivers—thought a self-reporting system would be unlikely to produce safety benefits, stating that it would not incentivize quicker repairs. If repairs are not made more quickly,...
VA Health Care: Improved Monitoring Needed for Effective Oversight of Care for Women Veterans[back to top]
GAO-17-52: Published: Dec 2, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 2, 2016.
The Department of Veterans Affairs' (VA) Veterans Health Administration (VHA) does not have accurate and complete data on the extent to which its medical centers comply with environment of care standards for women veterans. VHA policy requires its medical facilities, including VA medical centers, to meet environment of care standards related to the privacy, safety, and dignity of women veterans. V...
Released on December 01, 2016
Enterprise Risk Management: Selected Agencies' Experiences Illustrate Good Practices in Managing Risk
GAO-17-63: Published: Dec 1, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 1, 2016.
Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) is a forward-looking management approach that allows agencies to assess threats and opportunities that could affect the achievement of its goals. While there are a number of different frameworks for ERM, the figure below lists essential elements for an agency to carry out ERM effectively. GAO reviewed its risk management framework and incorporated changes to better...
Federal Fees, Fines, and Penalties: Observations on Agency Spending Authorities
GAO-17-268T: Published: Dec 1, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 1, 2016.
GAO's prior work has identified four key design decisions related to how fee, fine, and penalty collections are used that help Congress balance agency flexibility and congressional control.Key Design Decisions for Use of CollectionsOne of these key design decisions is the congressional action that triggers the use of collections. The table below outlines the range of structures that establish an a...
Littoral Combat Ship and Frigate: Congress Faced with Critical Acquisition Decisions
GAO-17-262T: Published: Dec 1, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 1, 2016.
The Navy's vision for Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) program has evolved significantly over the last 15 years, reflecting degradations of the underlying business case. Initial plans to experiment with two different prototype ships adapted from commercial designs were abandoned early in favor of an acquisition approach that committed to numerous ships before proving their capabilities. Ships were not d...
Overseas Contingency Operations: Observations on the Use of Force Management Levels in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Syria
GAO-17-246T: Published: Dec 1, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 1, 2016.
Military officials planning for and executing operations under force management levels have taken various actions to maximize military capabilities deployed to countries under those limits, as discussed below:Increased Engagement with Partner Nation Security Forces. The Department of Defense (DOD) has increased its engagement with partner nations through advise-and-assist missions that rely on pa...
Renewable Fuel Standard: Program Unlikely to Meet Production or Greenhouse Gas Reduction Targets[back to top]
GAO-17-264T: Published: Dec 1, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 1, 2016.
It is unlikely that the goals of the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS)—to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and expand the nation's renewable fuels sector while reducing reliance on imported oil—will be met as envisioned because there is limited production of advanced biofuels and limited potential for expanded production by 2022. Advanced biofuels, such as cellulosic ethanol and biomass-based diese...
Released on November 30, 2016
Army Pacific Pathways: Comprehensive Assessment and Planning Needed to Capture Benefits Relative to Costs and Enhance Value for Participating Units [Reissued on November 30, 2016][back to top]
GAO-17-126: Published: Nov 14, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 14, 2016.
U.S. Army Pacific (USARPAC), the Army’s component command in the Asia-Pacific region, has identified Pacific Pathways costs and taken steps to assess some associated benefits, but it has not conducted an analysis that fully assesses the initiative’s benefits relative to costs. Pacific Pathways is an initiative that combines three to four exercises with partner nations—exercises that were pre...