Browsing Publications by Date (151 - 160 of 54,128 items) in Custom Date Range
Released on December 20, 2016
Declining Resources: Selected Agencies Took Steps to Minimize Effects on Mission but Opportunities Exist for Additional Action
GAO-17-79: Published: Dec 20, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 20, 2016.
The three selected agencies GAO reviewed for this report—the Employment and Training Administration (ETA), Federal Law Enforcement Training Centers (FLETC), and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)—each took a number of different approaches to manage declining resources that aligned with the three key themes outlined in GAO's framework. For example:Top Management Should Lead Efforts to Ma...
Social Security Offsets: Improvements to Program Design Could Better Assist Older Student Loan Borrowers with Obtaining Permitted Relief[back to top]
GAO-17-45: Published: Dec 19, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 20, 2016.
Older borrowers (age 50 and older) who default on federal student loans and must repay that debt with a portion of their Social Security benefits often have held their loans for decades and had about 15 percent of their benefit payment withheld. This withholding is called an offset. GAO's analysis of characteristics of student loan debt using data from the Departments of Education (Education), Tre...
Released on December 15, 2016
Child Care: Access to Subsidies and Strategies to Manage Demand Vary Across States
GAO-17-60: Published: Dec 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 15, 2016.
According to GAO's analysis of nationwide data for an average month in 2011-2012 approximately 8.6 million children under age 13 were estimated to be eligible for subsidies under the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) program based on policies in their states, and about 1.5 million received them. When compared with all eligible children, those receiving subsidies tended to be younger (under ag...
Medicare: Initial Results of Revised Process to Screen Providers and Suppliers, and Need for Objectives and Performance Measures
GAO-17-42: Published: Nov 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 15, 2016.
GAO's analysis of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services' (CMS) Medicare enrollment data found that CMS used its revised enrollment screening process to screen and revalidate over 2.4 million unique new applications and existing enrollment records. GAO's analysis showed that the screening resulted in over 23,000 new applications being denied or rejected and over 703,000 existing enrollment r...
Mortgage-Related Assets: Capital Requirements Vary Depending on Type of Asset
GAO-17-93: Published: Dec 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 15, 2016.
Rules for capital adequacy require banks to hold a percentage of their assets as capital to act as a financial cushion to absorb unexpected losses. Under current rules, banks must hold capital equal to at least 8 percent of risk-weighted assets. Since the early 1990s, U.S. federal banking regulators have used a risk-weighting system under which banks multiply asset amounts by factors, known as ris...
Newborn Screening Timeliness: Most States Had Not Met Screening Goals, but Some Are Developing Strategies to Address Barriers
GAO-17-196: Published: Dec 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 15, 2016.
Most states that reported timeliness data had not screened newborns within recommended goals to detect conditions that may require treatment. The Department of Health and Human Services' (HHS) Advisory Committee on Heritable Disorders in Newborns and Children recommended time-frame goals in 2015 for newborn screening, such as reporting all results within 7 days of birth. Data provided by 38 states...
Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act: Results of Enrollment Testing for the 2016 Special Enrollment Period[back to top]
GAO-17-78: Published: Nov 17, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 15, 2016.
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) requires that federal and state-based marketplaces verify application information—such as citizenship or immigration status—to determine eligibility for enrollment in a health plan, potentially including a subsidy. However, there is no specific legal requirement to verify the events that trigger a Special Enrollment Period (SEP), which is...
Released on December 14, 2016
Federal Judiciary: Progress Made in Reducing Appellate Space, but Innovative Practices Should Be Shared across Courts
GAO-17-134: Published: Dec 14, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 14, 2016.
Various judicial policies, such as those in the U.S. Courts Design Guide, help guide appellate space use decisions. Other key policies include the judiciary's national 3 percent space-reduction target and the No Net New policy, which requires regional judicial circuits—including each circuit's court of appeals—to offset space increases with equivalent reductions. In practice, space use decis...
Rule of Law Assistance: DOD Should Assess Workforce Size of Defense Institute of International Legal Studies[back to top]
GAO-17-118: Published: Dec 14, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 14, 2016.
For fiscal years 2013 through 2016, the Defense Institute of International Legal Studies (DIILS) conducted over 500 rule of law events in almost 100 countries, and it assessed the quality of its assistance in a variety of ways. DIILS provides three types of assistance: (1) core rule of law training in the United States and abroad, (2) defense institution-building, and (3) statutorily required huma...
Released on December 12, 2016
Air Traffic Control: Experts' and Stakeholders' Views on Key Issues to Consider in a Potential Restructuring [Reissued on December 9, 2016][back to top]
GAO-17-131: Published: Oct 13, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 15, 2016.
Experts, aviation stakeholders, and Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) officials GAO spoke to said that if Congress decides to remove air traffic control (ATC) from the FAA, many issues should be considered. Key issues identified, consistent with GAO's past work, relate to: (1) organizational management, (2) funding and financing, and (3) transition time and related costs.First, organizational...