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Multinational (71 - 80 of 706 items) in Custom Date Range
Value-Added Taxes: Lessons Learned from Other Countries on Compliance Risks, Administrative Costs, Compliance Burden, and Transition
GAO-08-566: Published: Apr 4, 2008. Publicly Released: May 5, 2008.
Dissatisfaction with the federal tax system has led to a debate about U.S. tax reform, including proposals for a national consumption tax. One type of proposed consumption tax is a value-added tax (VAT), widely used around the world. A VAT is levied on the difference between a business's sales and its purchases of goods and services. Typically, a business calculates the tax due on its sales, subtr...
United Nations: Renovation Schedule Accelerated after Delays, but Risks Remain in Key Areas
GAO-08-513R: Published: Apr 9, 2008. Publicly Released: Apr 9, 2008.
The United Nations (UN) headquarters in New York City neither conforms to current building codes nor meets UN technology or security requirements. As the UN's host country and largest contributor, the United States has a substantial interest in the success of the Capital Master Plan (CMP), a project to renovate the complex. In this update, GAO reviewed the following key areas: renovation approach,...
Somalia: Several Challenges Limit U.S. and International Stabilization, Humanitarian, and Development Efforts
GAO-08-351: Published: Feb 19, 2008. Publicly Released: Mar 4, 2008.
Somalia has lacked a functioning central government since 1991. In December 2006, the Ethiopian military intervened in Somalia to support Somalia's transitional government, opening what many considered a window of opportunity to rebuild the country and restore effective governance. The United States has been the largest bilateral donor to Somalia, providing roughly $362 million in assistance since...
Foreign Investment: Laws and Policies Regulating Foreign Investment in 10 Countries
GAO-08-320: Published: Feb 28, 2008. Publicly Released: Feb 28, 2008.
Foreign acquisitions of U.S. companies can pose a significant challenge for the U.S. government because of the need to balance the benefits of foreign investment with national security concerns. The Exon-Florio amendment to the Defense Production Act authorizes the President to suspend or prohibit foreign acquisitions of U.S. companies that may harm national security. To better understand how othe...
United Nations: Management Reforms and Operational Issues
GAO-08-246T: Published: Jan 24, 2008. Publicly Released: Jan 24, 2008.
Longstanding problems in United Nations (UN) management underscore the pressing need to reform and modernize the United Nations in areas ranging from management, oversight, and accountability to operational activities in specific countries. The United States has strongly advocated the reform of UN management practices and has also been critical of the restrictions Burma's military regime has impos...
Entitlement Reform Process: Other Countries' Experiences Provide Useful Insights for the United States
GAO-08-372: Published: Jan 18, 2008. Publicly Released: Jan 18, 2008.
Looking to the future, our nation faces large and growing structural deficits and escalating federal debt due primarily to rising health care costs and known demographic trends. Slowing the growth of entitlements is an essential part of the solution to these challenges. GAO was asked to identify useful insights from the entitlement reform processes in other countries. Specifically, GAO was asked t...
Iran Sanctions: Impact in Furthering U.S. Objectives Is Unclear and Should Be Reviewed
GAO-08-58: Published: Dec 18, 2007. Publicly Released: Jan 16, 2008.
The 2006 U.S. National Security Strategy stated that the United States faces challenges from Iran, including Iran's proliferation efforts and involvement in international terrorism. To address these concerns, the United States employs a range of tools, including diplomatic pressure, a military presence in the Gulf, and sanctions. A U.S. sanction is a unilateral restriction or condition on economic...
United Nations: Progress on Management Reform Efforts Has Varied
GAO-08-84: Published: Nov 14, 2007. Publicly Released: Nov 14, 2007.
The United States has advocated reforms of United Nations (UN) management for many years. In October 2006, GAO reported that UN management reforms were progressing slowly and that many were still awaiting review by the General Assembly. For this review, GAO was asked to (1) determine the progress of UN management reform initiatives in five key areas--ethics, oversight, procurement, management oper...
Nonproliferation: U.S. Efforts to Combat Nuclear Networks Need Better Data on Proliferation Risks and Program Results
GAO-08-21: Published: Oct 31, 2007. Publicly Released: Oct 31, 2007.
For decades, the United States has tried to impede nuclear proliferation networks that provide equipment to nuclear weapons development programs in countries such as Pakistan and Iran. GAO was asked to examine U.S. efforts to counter nuclear proliferation networks, specifically the (1) status of U.S. efforts to strengthen multilateral controls, (2) impact of U.S. assistance to help other countries...
Intellectual Property: U.S. Trade Policy Guidance on WTO Declaration on Access to Medicines May Need Clarification
GAO-07-1198: Published: Sep 28, 2007. Publicly Released: Oct 30, 2007.
The WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Intellectual Property (TRIPS) requires all 151 World Trade Organization (WTO) members to provide baseline protections, including 20-year patents for innovative pharmaceuticals. The Trade Act of 2002 granting Trade Promotion Authority (TPA) to the President outlined three negotiating objectives related to intellectual property (IP). The first two aim to strengthen...