World Trade Organization (91 - 100 of 183 items)
International Trade: U.S. Government Policy Issues Affecting U.S. Business Activities in China
GGD-94-94: Published: May 4, 1994. Publicly Released: May 16, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed U.S. policies and programs that affect U.S. business activities in China, focusing on: (1) factors affecting the U.S.-China trade relationship; (2) U.S. and international programs that promote bilateral trade and support Chinese economic development; (3) U.S. policies that may decrease U.S. business opportunities in China; and (4) U.S. efforts to b...
International Taxation: IRS' Administration of Tax-Customs Valuation Rules in Tax Code Section 1059A
GGD-94-61: Published: Feb 4, 1994. Publicly Released: Mar 7, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) enforcement of section 1059A of the Internal Revenue Code (IRC), focusing on: (1) specific cases in which IRS used section 1059A to govern transfer prices; (2) the applicability of section 1059A to certain transactions between U.S. and Mexican affiliates; (3) the impact on U.S. revenues of allowin...
International Trade: Kazakhstan Unlikely to Be Major Source of Oil for the United States
GGD-94-74: Published: Mar 4, 1994. Publicly Released: Mar 4, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on: (1) Kazakhstan's potential as a source of oil for the United States; and (2) issues affecting U.S. investment in Kazakhstan's petroleum industry.GAO found that: (1) Kazakhstan is unlikely to become a major oil source for the United States, since its oil production only accounts for 2 percent of world production; (2) Kazakhstan's oil...
International Trade: Observations on the Uruguay Round Agreement
T-GGD-94-98: Published: Feb 22, 1994. Publicly Released: Feb 22, 1994.
GAO discussed the negotiations and agreements reached during the Uruguay Round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). GAO noted that: (1) the United States achieved many of its objectives during the Uruguay Round of GATT; (2) the agreement should promote U.S. national interests that were not previously covered by GATT including services, intellectual property rights, and agricultura...
Measuring U.S.-Canada Trade: Shifting Trade Winds May Threaten Recent Progress
GGD-94-4: Published: Jan 19, 1994. Publicly Released: Jan 19, 1994.
GAO reviewed the current systems and processes used for measuring trade between the United States and Canada, focusing on: (1) how these systems are affected by changes in the trade environment; and (2) the United States' and Canada's ability to produce accurate and complete trade data.GAO found that: (1) U.S. exports to Canada and other countries have been undercounted because the Customs Service...
Dairy Industry: Potential for and Barriers to Market Development
RCED-94-19: Published: Dec 21, 1993. Publicly Released: Jan 5, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the development of domestic and international markets for U.S. dairy products, focusing on: (1) how the U.S. dairy industry's export activities compare with those of other major milk-producing countries; (2) opportunities to develop and expand dairy markets; and (3) obstacles to expanding dairy markets.GAO found that: (1) the United States is the t...
Medical Technology: Quality Assurance Systems and Global Markets
PEMD-93-15: Published: Aug 18, 1993. Publicly Released: Sep 24, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO compared U.S. policies and procedures and quality assurance requirements for marketing medical devices to those of Japan, Canada, and the European Economic Community (EEC), focusing on: (1) similarities and differences; (2) compatibility; (3) the U.S. medical device industry's preparedness for global market competition; and (4) the U.S. industry's response...
North American Free Trade Agreement: Assessment of Major Issues
GGD-93-137: Published: Sep 9, 1993. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 1993.
GAO provided an overview of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), focusing on the: (1) provisions to liberalize trade and investment in North America; (2) special provisions for trade-sensitive economic sectors; (3) rules to implement the agreement; and (4) potential impacts on the economy, environment, labor, and immigration.GAO found that: (1) the NAFTA goal is to improve productivity...
Pesticides: A Comparative Study of Industrialized Nations' Regulatory Systems
PEMD-93-17: Published: Jul 30, 1993. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO compared the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) nations' pesticide regulatory standards and regulations with those of the United States, focusing on the: (1) types of experimental test data required to register food-use pesticides; (2) organizational structures, risk assessment, and risk management procedures used to evaluate pesti...
Intellectual Property Rights: U.S. Companies' Comparative Patent Experiences in Japan, Europe, and the United States
T-GGD-93-36: Published: Jul 22, 1993. Publicly Released: Jul 22, 1993.
GAO discussed U.S. companies' patent experiences in Japan as compared with those in the United States and Europe. GAO noted that: (1) more than three times as many companies were dissatisfied with their overall patent experience in Japan as compared with that in the United States and Europe; (2) 65 percent of the companies reported at least one major problem in obtaining patents in Japan; (3) the...