World Trade Organization (101 - 110 of 184 items)
Intellectual Property Rights: U.S. Companies' Comparative Patent Experiences in Japan, Europe, and the United States
T-GGD-93-36: Published: Jul 22, 1993. Publicly Released: Jul 22, 1993.
GAO discussed U.S. companies' patent experiences in Japan as compared with those in the United States and Europe. GAO noted that: (1) more than three times as many companies were dissatisfied with their overall patent experience in Japan as compared with that in the United States and Europe; (2) 65 percent of the companies reported at least one major problem in obtaining patents in Japan; (3) the...
Inspection and Testing of Dairy Products
RCED-93-185R: Published: Jul 15, 1993. Publicly Released: Jul 15, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed information on inspection and testing standards for dairy products in the United States and selected foreign countries. GAO noted that: (1) inspection and testing standards for dairy products vary among the seven countries reviewed; (2) most countries base the frequency of their inspection and testing on the availability of resources instead of ins...
Intellectual Property Rights: U.S. Companies' Patent Experiences in Japan
GGD-93-126: Published: Jul 12, 1993. Publicly Released: Jul 12, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO compared patent protection for U.S. products in Japan to that in the United States and Europe, focusing on: (1) U.S. companies' experiences in obtaining patents in Japan; (2) the sources of U.S. companies' patent problems in Japan and recent changes in the Japanese patent system; (3) U.S. companies' enforcement of patents in Japan; and (4) progress toward g...
U.S.-Chilean Trade: Developments in the Agriculture, Fisheries, and Forestry Sectors
GGD-93-88: Published: Apr 1, 1993. Publicly Released: Apr 30, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed bilateral trade between the United States and Chile, focusing on: (1) U.S. trade and investment in Chile's agriculture, fishery, and forestry sectors; (2) the development of Chile's agriculture, fishery, and forestry exports to the United States; (3) how Chilean horticultural exports complement or compete with U.S. domestic production; and (4) impe...
Wheat Commodity Program: Despite Reforms, Government's Involvement Remains Substantial
RCED-93-30: Published: Mar 18, 1993. Publicly Released: Mar 18, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the effects of the 1985 and 1990 U.S. wheat program reforms, focusing on the: (1) reforms' effect on farmers' production decisions; (2) government's costs in managing wheat stocks; and (3) government's involvement in wheat-related supports.GAO found that: (1) the 1985 and 1990 wheat program reforms reoriented farmers' production decisions toward ma...
Nonimmigrant Visas: Requirements Affecting Artists, Entertainers, and Athletes
NSIAD-93-6: Published: Oct 26, 1992. Publicly Released: Oct 26, 1992.
GAO provided information on artists, entertainers, and athletes, focusing on: (1) U.S. visa policy; (2) barriers to employment of U.S. artists, entertainers, and athletes abroad; and (3) barriers to having U.S. artists, entertainers, and athletes' arts and skills embodied in products disseminated in those countries.GAO found that: (1) information on the use of the new O and P type visas is not yet...
Progress in GATT Negotiations
GGD-92-6R: Published: Jul 31, 1992. Publicly Released: Jul 31, 1992.
GAO provided information on the progress of agricultural trade negotiations under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). GAO found that: (1) although the GATT parties accepted the proposed GATT agreement as the basis for further negotiations, they were unable to reach final agreement by April 1992, as planned; (2) the GATT parties agreed to proceed with negotiations that included submi...
International Environment: International Agreements Are Not Well Monitored
RCED-92-43: Published: Jan 27, 1992. Publicly Released: Jan 27, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed eight international environmental agreements, focusing on whether: (1) the agreements are specific enough to allow implementation to be measured; and (2) agreements' administrative bodies monitor implementation.GAO found that: (1) six of the eight agreements specify how implementation is to be measured and require parties to provide information per...
International Food Safety: Comparison of U.S. and Codex Pesticide Standards
PEMD-91-22: Published: Aug 22, 1991. Publicly Released: Oct 3, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO compared current U.S. and Codex Alimentarius Commission pesticide standards to determine the potential implications of such differences for U.S. trade and food safety.GAO found that: (1) key areas where differences existed between the Codex and U.S. processes for establishing pesticide standards include the mix of pesticides included in each system, the use...
U.S.-Mexico Trade: Concerns About the Adequacy of Border Infrastructure
NSIAD-91-228: Published: May 16, 1991. Publicly Released: Jun 14, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the U.S.-Mexico border infrastructure capacity and trade initiatives between the two countries, focusing on: (1) the process for planning and expanding border inspection facilities; (2) U.S. and Mexican efforts to expedite processing of border commercial traffic; (3) staffing patterns of U.S. agencies involved in inspections along th...