World Trade Organization (71 - 80 of 183 items)
U.S.-Canada Free Trade Agreement: Factors Contributing to Controversy in Appeals of Trade Remedy Cases to Binational Panels
GGD-95-175BR: Published: Jun 16, 1995. Publicly Released: Jul 17, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the U.S.-Canada Free Trade Agreement's (FTA) binational panel process to resolve trade disputes, focusing on: (1) U.S. and Canadian expectations for the binational panel process; (2) a statistical overview of panel activities and decisions; (3) participants' satisfaction with the panel process; and (4) other factors that may have contributed to the...
International Trade, Finance, and Competitiveness Issue Area: Active Assignments
AA-95-10(3): Published: Jul 1, 1995. Publicly Released: Jul 1, 1995.
GAO provided information on its active assignments in the International Trade, Finance, and Competitiveness issue area as of July 6, 1995...
Commerce's Trade Functions
GGD-95-195R: Published: Jun 26, 1995. Publicly Released: Jun 26, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined several proposals to consolidate federal trade activities and reorganize the Department of Commerce, focusing on: (1) the role Commerce plays in trade; and (2) past efforts to reorganize federal trade activities. GAO noted that: (1) Commerce plays a significant role in export promotion and trade policymaking, negotiating, regulation, and data colle...
Agricultural Trade: Competitor Countries' Foreign Market Development Programs
T-GGD-95-184: Published: Jun 14, 1995. Publicly Released: Jun 14, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed: (1) competitor countries' foreign agricultural market development activities; and (2) state trading enterprises (STE). GAO noted that: (1) the European Union spends far more on total agricultural support than the United States; (2) foreign market development includes advertising, consumer promotion, trade servicing and market research; (3) althou...
Export Promotion: Rationales for and Against Government Programs and Expenditures
T-GGD-95-169: Published: May 23, 1995. Publicly Released: May 23, 1995.
GAO discussed the rationales for and against the operation of government export promotion programs. GAO noted that: (1) supporters have justified export promotion programs for job creation and deficit reduction and the enhancement of trade policy objectives, but there are no empirical data on the programs' effect on such issues; (2) many economists believe that government intervention in private m...
Agricultural Marketing: Comparative Analysis of U.S. and Foreign Promotion and Research Programs
RCED-95-171: Published: Apr 28, 1995. Publicly Released: May 19, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on U.S. and foreign promotion and research programs that are designed to increase domestic and foreign sales of agricultural products, focusing on: (1) how U.S. check-off programs are planned and organized; and (2) how comparable marketing organizations in Australia, Germany, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom carry out their agricultu...
International Trade: Reauthorization of the Generalized System of Preferences Program
T-GGD-95-104: Published: Feb 27, 1995. Publicly Released: Feb 27, 1995.
GAO discussed the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) Program and its reauthorization. GAO noted that: (1) a few beneficiary countries receive the majority of GSP benefits, but not all GSP-eligible products enter the United States duty-free because of certain program limitations; (2) the program generally has a well structured process for adding or removing products from GSP coverage; (3) prog...
Customs Service: Status of Reorganization and Modernization Efforts
T-GGD/AIMD-95-70: Published: Jan 30, 1995. Publicly Released: Jan 30, 1995.
GAO discussed the Customs Service's reorganization and automated systems improvement efforts. GAO noted that: (1) Customs has undertaken an integrated proactive approach designed to rethink its organizational structure and assess the technological needs of the future; (2) Customs envisions developing a fully integrated system that can identify and track an import transaction from the point of init...
U.S.-China Trade: Implementation of Agreements on Market Access and Intellectual Property
GGD-95-61: Published: Jan 25, 1995. Publicly Released: Jan 27, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed China's implementation of two memoranda of understanding regarding improved market access and intellectual property rights (IPR) protection, focusing on: (1) China's compliance with the market access provisions; (2) China's progress in meeting eligibility requirements for the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT); (3) China's compliance wit...
International Trade: Long-Term Viability of U.S.-European Union Aircraft Agreement Uncertain
GGD-95-45: Published: Dec 19, 1994. Publicly Released: Jan 6, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the 1992 bilateral aircraft agreement between the United States and the European Union (EU), focusing on the: (1) extent to which the agreement has proved viable in operation; (2) potential impact of changes in government support on the competitiveness of the U.S. civil aircraft industry; and (3) efforts of the United States and EU to extend covera...