United Nations (91 - 100 of 290 items)
United Nations: Reforms Progressing, but Comprehensive Assessments Needed to Measure Impact
GAO-04-339: Published: Feb 13, 2004. Publicly Released: Feb 13, 2004.
The U.N. Secretary General launched two reform agendas, in 1997 and 2002, to address the U.N.'s core management challenges--poor leadership of the Secretariat, duplication among its many offices and programs, and the lack of accountability for staff performance. In 2000, GAO reported that the Secretary General had reorganized the Secretariat's leadership and structure, but that the reforms were no...
Climate Change: Selected Nations' Reports on Greenhouse Gas Emissions Varied in Their Adherence to Standards
GAO-04-98: Published: Dec 23, 2003. Publicly Released: Jan 23, 2004.
In 1992, the United States and other parties, including both developed and developing nations, agreed to try to limit dangerous human interference with the climate by participating in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The parties agreed, among other things, to report on their emissions of carbon dioxide and five other gases whose buildup in the atmosphere is believed to af...
Department of State (State) and United Nations relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) Actions to Implement Section 301(c) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961
GAO-04-276R: Published: Nov 17, 2003. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2003.
Established in 1949 by the United Nations, UNRWA provides assistance to Palestinian refugees in the Middle East. UNRWA assistance is primarily education, health, and relief and social services. More than 4 million Palestinian refugees are eligible to receive these services in UNRWA's five areas of operation--Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, the West Bank, and Gaza. In section 301(c) of the 1961 Foreign Ass...
U.N. Peacekeeping: Transition Strategies for Post-Conflict Countries Lack Results-Oriented Measures of Progress
GAO-03-1071: Published: Sep 26, 2003. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 2003.
The United Nations responded to the failure of some past peacekeeping operations by developing a strategy to help peacekeeping operations move a country from conflict to sustainable peace. It has attempted to apply this strategy to the large and costly peacekeeping operations in Sierra Leone, East Timor, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo since 2001. As a contributor of over 25 percent of th...
United Nations: Early Renovation Planning Reasonable, but Additional Management Controls and Oversight Will Be Needed
GAO-03-566: Published: May 30, 2003. Publicly Released: Jun 25, 2003.
The United Nations (U.N.) estimates that its planned renovation of the seven buildings on the Headquarters complex could cost almost $1.2 billion. As the host country and the largest contributor to the United Nations, the United States has a significant interest in this project. This report (1) assesses the reasonableness of the U.N. process to develop the renovation plans, (2) analyzes the potent...
Climate Change: Information on Three Air Pollutants' Climate Effects and Emissions Trends
GAO-03-25: Published: Apr 28, 2003. Publicly Released: May 28, 2003.
Solar radiation is absorbed by the earth and is subsequently reemitted. The buildup of carbon dioxide and certain other gases in the earth's atmosphere traps some of that radiation. This is known as the greenhouse effect and is believed to contribute to a warming of the earth's climate. Concerns are growing that, in addition to carbon dioxide and other conventional greenhouse gases, certain air po...
Humanitarian Assistance: Protecting Refugee Women and Girls Remains a Significant Challenge
GAO-03-663: Published: May 23, 2003. Publicly Released: May 23, 2003.
Women and children refugees, who comprise 80 percent of the estimated 12 million refugees worldwide, are among the world's most vulnerable populations. They are subject to gender-based violence, including physical harm, rape, and unequal access to humanitarian assistance. GAO was asked to (1) assess efforts by the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to protect refugees, especially with reg...
Global Health: Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria Has Advanced in Key Areas, but Difficult Challenges Remain
GAO-03-601: Published: May 7, 2003. Publicly Released: May 7, 2003.
By the end of 2002, more than 40 million people worldwide were living with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), with 5 million newly infected that year. HIV/AIDS, along with tuberculosis (TB) and malaria, causes nearly 6 million deaths per year and untold human suffering. Established in January 2002, the Global Fund (the Fund) aims to rapidly disburse grants...
Forum on Key National Indicators: Assessing the Nation's Position and Progress
GAO-03-672SP: Published: May 1, 2003. Publicly Released: May 1, 2003.
The nation confronts profound challenges resulting from a variety of factors, including changing security threats, dramatic shifts in demographic patterns, the multidimensional processes of globalization, and the accelerating pace of technological change. These are all coming together in an era of diminishing public resources. The nation's leaders and concerned citizens require better knowledge of...
Status of Reforms and Budgets of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization
GAO-03-565R: Published: Mar 28, 2003. Publicly Released: Mar 28, 2003.
In 1945, the United States helped establish the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as a means to promote international peace. During the 1970s, UNESCO was criticized for becoming too politicized. In 1984, the United States left the organization, contending that it was poorly managed and had failed to restrain budget growth. At that time, the United States ur...