United Nations (111 - 120 of 290 items)
Global Health: Challenges in Improving Infectious Disease Surveillance Systems
GAO-01-722: Published: Aug 31, 2001. Publicly Released: Aug 31, 2001.
According to the World Health Organization, infectious diseases account for more than 13 million deaths every year, including nearly two-thirds of all deaths among children under age 5. Infectious diseases present a substantial threat to people in all parts of the world, and this threat has grown in volume and complexity. New diseases have emerged, others once viewed as declining in significance h...
United Nations: Targeted Strategies Could Help Boost U.S. Representation
GAO-01-839: Published: Jul 27, 2001. Publicly Released: Jul 27, 2001.
The United Nations (U.N.) and its affiliated entities face the dual challenge of attracting and retaining staff who meet the highest standards of efficiency, competence, and integrity while maintaining the international character of the organizations by ensuring equitable geographic balance in the workforce. Nevertheless, U.N. organizations have made slow progress in addressing U.S. concerns about...
United Nations: Planning for Headquarters Renovation Is Reasonable; United States Needs to Decide Whether to Support Work
GAO-01-788: Published: Jun 15, 2001. Publicly Released: Jun 15, 2001.
The United Nations' (U.N.) headquarters in New York clearly needs to be renovated, and the Secretary-General will ask member states to make key decisions in 2002 about the future of the renovation. As host country to U.N. headquarters, the United States needs to play a major role in making these decisions if the renovation is to proceed. However, the administration and the Department of State have...
Global Health: Joint U.N. Programme on HIV/AIDS Needs to Strengthen Country-Level Efforts and Measure Results
GAO-01-625: Published: May 25, 2001. Publicly Released: Jun 8, 2001.
Despite efforts by the international community to reduce the spread of the human immunodeficiency virus, AIDS is now the fourth leading cause of death in the world and the primary cause of death in sub-Saharan Africa. The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), funded in part by the United States, is one important international effort against the disease. UNAIDS was established by the...
International Trade: Comparison of U.S. and European Union Preference Programs
GAO-01-647: Published: Jun 8, 2001. Publicly Released: Jun 8, 2001.
Both the United States and the European Union (EU) began providing trade preferences to eligible developing countries in the early 1970s. These trade preferences, which reduced tariffs and product quotas, are "nonreciprocal," meaning that beneficiaries need not reciprocate with lower tariffs for donor export countries. This report discusses (1) the volume of U.S. and EU nonreciprocal preferential...
Free Trade Area of the Americas: Negotiations at Key Juncture on Eve of April Meetings
GAO-01-552: Published: Mar 30, 2001. Publicly Released: Apr 2, 2001.
The negotiations to establish a Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA), which would eliminate tariffs and create common trade and investment rules within the 34 democratic nations of the Western Hemisphere, are among the most significant ongoing multilateral trade negotiations for the United States. Two meetings held in April 2001 offer opportunities to inject momentum and set an ambitious pace fo...
U.N. Peacekeeping: GAO's Access to Records on Executive Branch Decision-making
GAO-01-440R: Published: Mar 6, 2001. Publicly Released: Mar 6, 2001.
This correspondence provides information on GAO's efforts to obtain access to executive branch records needed to complete its study of United Nations (U.N.) peacekeeping operations. GAO's experience in trying to obtain these records has impaired its ability to conduct meaningful oversight work for Congress that is timely, independent, objective, fact-based, accurate, and complete. Specifically (1)...
U.N. Peacekeeping: Access to Records Concerning the U.S. Decision-Making Process
GAO-01-180T: Published: Nov 1, 2000. Publicly Released: Nov 1, 2000.
This testimony discusses GAO's need to access to records concerning the administration's process for approving United Nations (U.N.) peacekeeping operations. To complete this study, GAO needs (1) access to all records at the Department of State, the Department of Defense, and the National Security Council that are considered to be relevant to GAO's study, and (2) independent access to these agenci...
U.N. Peacekeeping: Observations on the U.S. Process for Approving Operations
GAO-01-100T: Published: Oct 4, 2000. Publicly Released: Oct 4, 2000.
This testimony discusses the decisions by the United States to support new or expanded United Nations (U.N.) operations in the following four locations: Kosovo, East Timor, Sierra Leone, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. These decisions were made between January 1999 and June 2000. This testimony focuses on: (1) whether GAO had sufficient access to agency records to conduct the study reque...
United Nations: Cost of Peacekeeping Is Likely to Exceed Current Estimate
NSIAD-00-228BR: Published: Aug 31, 2000. Publicly Released: Sep 12, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the United Nations' (U.N.) peacekeeping budget, focusing on: (1) GAO's estimate of the cost of U.N. peacekeeping, as funded from the 2001 U.N. peacekeeping budget; and (2) the major uncertainties in estimating this cost.GAO noted that: (1) GAO estimates that the cost of U.N. peacekeeping funded from the 2001 U.N. peacekeeping budget...