United Nations (101 - 110 of 290 items)
Older Workers: Policies of Other Nations to Increase Labor Force Participation
GAO-03-307: Published: Feb 13, 2003. Publicly Released: Feb 27, 2003.
In recent years, the challenges of aging populations have become a topic of increasing concern to the developed nations. These challenges range from the fiscal imbalance in national pension systems caused by fewer workers having to provide benefits for greater numbers of retirees, to potential economic strains due to shortages of skilled workers. Part of the solution to these challenges could be...
International Environment: U.S. Actions to Fulfill Committments Under Five Key Agreements
GAO-03-249: Published: Jan 29, 2003. Publicly Released: Feb 10, 2003.
Environmental problems do not respect national boundaries. These problems include (1) climate change, (2) drought and the expansion of degraded land, (3) environmental cooperation among the countries of North America, (4) illegal trade in endangered species, and (5) substances that deplete the earth's protective ozone layer. To address such problems, the United States and other nations have entere...
International Trade: Critical Issues Remain in Deterring Conflict Diamond Trade
GAO-02-678: Published: Jun 14, 2002. Publicly Released: Jun 14, 2002.
The United Nations (U.N.) General Assembly defines conflict diamonds as rough diamonds used by rebel movements to finance their military activities, including attempts to undermine or overthrow legitimate governments. The United States and much of the international community are trying to sever the link between conflict and diamonds while ensuring that no harm is done to the legitimate diamond ind...
Cambodia: Governance Reform Progressing, But Key Efforts Are Lagging
GAO-02-569: Published: Jun 13, 2002. Publicly Released: Jun 13, 2002.
According to United Nations data, Cambodia has received more than $3 billion in assistance since 1993. Although Cambodia has achieved relative peace and stability, continued widespread corruption and a weak judicial system undermine efforts to reduce poverty and foster economic growth. Since 1993, the United States has provided Cambodia with over $200 million to reduce poverty and foster economic...
Weapons of Mass Destruction: U.N. Confronts Significant Challenges in Implementing Sanctions against Iraq
GAO-02-625: Published: May 23, 2002. Publicly Released: May 29, 2002.
United Nations sanctions were first imposed in August 1990 following Iraq's invasion of Kuwait. In 1991, the Security Council established sanctions to stop Iraq from acquiring or developing biological, chemical, and nuclear weapons. To achieve this, the Security Council prohibited all nations from buying Iraqi oil or selling the country any commodities except for food and medicine. It further esta...
U.N. Peacekeeping: Estimated U.S. Contributions, Fiscal Years 1996-2001
GAO-02-294: Published: Feb 11, 2002. Publicly Released: Feb 20, 2002.
The United Nations (U.N.) Security Council authorized or maintained 33 peacekeeping operations in 28 countries between fiscal years 1996 and 2001. Fifteen operations were ongoing as of January 2002. Although U.N. member countries are directly assessed for the cost of these operations, some countries, including the United States, implement programs or activities that provide indirect support to pea...
U.N. Peacekeeping: United Nations Faces Challenges in Responding to the Impact of HIV/AIDS on Peacekeeping Operations
GAO-02-194: Published: Dec 12, 2001. Publicly Released: Dec 12, 2001.
Last year, the U.N. Security Council passed a resolution expressing concern that the conflicts and instability associated with peacekeeping operations produce condition that could increase the spread of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The resolution encouraged member states to educate peacekeeping personnel--including those who are HIV positive--on peacekeeping missions. The policies and g...
U.N. Peacekeeping: Executive Branch Consultations With Congress Did Not Fully Meet Expectations in 1999-2000
GAO-01-917: Published: Sep 10, 2001. Publicly Released: Oct 11, 2001.
Presidential Decision Directive 25 states that U.S. involvement in international peacekeeping operations must be selective and effective. Toward this end, the directive established guidance that U.S. officials must consider before deciding whether to support proposed operations, including whether the operations advanced U.S. interests, had realistic criteria for ending the operations, and had appr...
Defense Trade: Information on U.S. Weapons Deliveries to the Middle East
GAO-01-1078: Published: Sep 21, 2001. Publicly Released: Sep 21, 2001.
The U.S. military assistance programs provided $74 billion in military equipment, services, and training to countries in the Middle East from fiscal years 1991 through 2000. The Foreign Military Sales and Foreign Military Financing programs account for about 96 percent of the value of military items in the U.S. delivered to the region. The U.S. weapon systems delivered include F-16 and F/A-18 figh...
Foreign Assistance: Lessons Learned From Donors' Experiences in the Pacific Region
GAO-01-808: Published: Aug 17, 2001. Publicly Released: Sep 17, 2001.
Australia, Japan, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States have been the major providers of bilateral development assistance to the Pacific Island nations since 1987. The Asian Development Bank and the European Union have been the major multilateral donors. The donors' main development objectives, according to the planning documents, have been to alleviate poverty and to set the Paci...