United Nations (71 - 80 of 290 items)
Peacekeeping: Cost Comparison of Actual UN and Hypothetical U.S. Operations in Haiti
GAO-06-331: Published: Feb 21, 2006. Publicly Released: Feb 21, 2006.
The UN employs about 85,000 military and civilian personnel in peacekeeping operations in 16 countries. The United States has provided about $1 billion annually to support UN peacekeeping operations. In addition, the United States has led and participated in many such operations. UN reports and congressional hearings have raised concerns about accountability for UN peacekeeping operations and the...
Rebuilding Iraq: Stabilization, Reconstruction, and Financing Challenges
GAO-06-428T: Published: Feb 8, 2006. Publicly Released: Feb 8, 2006.
The United States, along with coalition partners and various international organizations, has undertaken a challenging and costly effort to stabilize and rebuild Iraq following multiple wars and decades of neglect by the former regime. This enormous effort is taking place in an unstable security environment, concurrent with Iraqi efforts to transition to its first permanent government. The United...
United Nations: Preliminary Observations on Internal Oversight and Procurement Practices
GAO-06-226T: Published: Oct 31, 2005. Publicly Released: Oct 31, 2005.
This testimony discusses internal oversight and procurement in the United Nations (UN). The findings of the Independent Inquiry Committee into the UN's Oil for Food Program have rekindled long-standing concerns about internal oversight and procurement at the United Nations. In addition, the UN's 2005 World Summit called for a host of reforms, from human rights, terrorism, and peace-building to eco...
Rebuilding Iraq: U.S. Assistance for the January 2005 Elections
GAO-05-932R: Published: Sep 7, 2005. Publicly Released: Sep 7, 2005.
Fostering a democratic and publicly elected government in Iraq is a U.S. foreign policy priority. According to the President, the United States intends to help Iraq achieve democracy and has a vital national interest in the success of free institutions in Iraq. Toward that end, the Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA) transferred power to a sovereign Iraqi interim government on June 28, 2004. Wit...
Rebuilding Iraq: Status of Funding and Reconstruction Efforts
GAO-05-876: Published: Jul 28, 2005. Publicly Released: Jul 28, 2005.
Rebuilding Iraq is a U.S. national security and foreign policy priority and constitutes the largest U.S. assistance program since World War II. Billions of dollars in grants, loans, assets, and revenues from various sources have been made available or pledged to the reconstruction of Iraq. The United States, along with its coalition partners and various international organizations and donors, has...
Global Health: The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria Is Responding to Challenges but Needs Better Information and Documentation for Performance-Based Funding
GAO-05-639: Published: Jun 10, 2005. Publicly Released: Jun 10, 2005.
The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria--established as a private foundation in January 2002--is intended to rapidly disburse grants to recipients, including governments and nongovernmental organizations. The Global Fund has signed over 270 grant agreements and disbursed more than $1 billion. Governments provide most of its funding; the United States has provided almost one-third o...
Information Security: Radio Frequency Identification Technology in the Federal Government
GAO-05-551: Published: May 27, 2005. Publicly Released: May 27, 2005.
Radio frequency identification (RFID) is an automated data-capture technology that can be used to electronically identify, track, and store information contained on a tag that is attached to or embedded in an object, such as a product, case, or pallet. Federal agencies have begun implementation of RFID technology, which offers them new capabilities and efficiencies in operations. The reduced cost...
Freshwater Programs: Federal Agencies' Funding in the United States and Abroad
GAO-05-253: Published: Mar 11, 2005. Publicly Released: Mar 11, 2005.
As the world's population tripled during the past century, demand for the finite amount of freshwater resources increased six-fold, straining these resources for many countries, including the United States. The United Nations estimates that, worldwide, more than 1 billion people live without access to clean drinking water and over 2.4 billion people lack the basic sanitation needed for human healt...
United Nations: Sustained Oversight Is Needed for Reforms to Achieve Lasting Results
GAO-05-392T: Published: Mar 2, 2005. Publicly Released: Mar 2, 2005.
The U.N. regular budget for the 2004-2005 biennium exceeded $3 billion for the first time. In light of the organization's increasing demands, the U.N. Secretary General and member states have called on the Secretariat to better define priorities and eliminate outdated activities. In response, the Secretary General launched major reform initiatives in 1997 and 2002, and we reported on the status of...
United Nations: Oil for Food Program Audits
GAO-05-346T: Published: Feb 15, 2005. Publicly Released: Feb 15, 2005.
The Oil for Food program was established by the United Nations and Iraq in 1996 to address concerns about the humanitarian situation after international sanctions were imposed in 1990. The program allowed the Iraqi government to use the proceeds of its oil sales to pay for food, medicine, and infrastructure maintenance. Allegations of fraud and corruption have plagued the Oil for Food program. As...