United Nations (61 - 70 of 290 items)
Darfur Crisis: Progress in Aid and Peace Monitoring Threatened by Ongoing Violence and Operational Challenges
GAO-07-9: Published: Nov 9, 2006. Publicly Released: Dec 11, 2006.
In 2003, violent conflict in Darfur, Sudan broke out between rebel groups, government troops, and government-supported Arab militias, known as the Janjaweed. The conflict has displaced about 2 million Darfurians and has so affected over 1.9 million others that they require assistance. Since October 2003, the U.S. government has provided humanitarian assistance in Darfur and supported African Union...
United Nations: Renovation Planning Follows Industry Practices, but Procurement and Oversight Could Present Challenges
GAO-07-31: Published: Nov 16, 2006. Publicly Released: Nov 16, 2006.
The United Nations (UN) estimated in 2005 that renovating its headquarters will cost up to $1.75 billion. As the UN's host country and largest contributor, the United States has a substantial interest in the project's success. In this report, we (1) determine whether the development of the Capital Master Plan (CMP) has been consistent with leading industry practices, (2) examine factors that led t...
United Nations: Management Reforms Progressing Slowly with Many Awaiting General Assembly Review
GAO-07-14: Published: Oct 5, 2006. Publicly Released: Oct 5, 2006.
Despite various reform efforts, significant inefficiencies in United Nations (UN) management operations persist. In September 2005, heads of UN member states approved a resolution that called for a series of reforms to strengthen the organization. As the largest financial contributor to the UN, the United States has a strong interest in the progress of UN reform initiatives. GAO was asked to (1) i...
United Nations: Additional Efforts Needed to Increase U.S. Employment at U.N. Agencies
GAO-06-988: Published: Sep 6, 2006. Publicly Released: Sep 14, 2006.
The U.S. Congress continues to be concerned about the underrepresentation of U.S. professionals in some UN organizations and that insufficient progress has been made to improve U.S. representation. In 2001, GAO reported that several UN agencies fell short of their targets for U.S. representation and had not developed strategies to employ more Americans. This report reviews (1) U.S. representation...
United Nations: Weaknesses in Internal Oversight and Procurement Could Affect the Effective Implementation of the Planned Renovation
GAO-06-877T: Published: Jun 20, 2006. Publicly Released: Jun 20, 2006.
The UN headquarters buildings are in need of renovation. The Capital Master Plan is an opportunity for the organization to renovate its headquarters buildings and ensure conformity with current safety, fire, and security requirements. Estimated by the UN to cost about $1.6 billion, the renovation will require a substantial management effort by the UN--including the use of effective internal oversi...
United Nations: Oil for Food Program Provides Lessons for Future Sanctions and Ongoing Reform
GAO-06-711T: Published: May 2, 2006. Publicly Released: May 2, 2006.
In 1996, the United Nations (UN) and Iraq began the Oil for Food program after sanctions were imposed in 1990. The program was intended to allow the Iraqi government to sell oil to pay for humanitarian goods and prevent it from obtaining goods for military purposes. More than $67 billion in oil revenue was obtained through the program, with $31 billion in assistance delivered to Iraq. Internal con...
United Nations: Funding Arrangement Impede Independence of Internal Auditors
GAO-06-575: Published: Apr 25, 2006. Publicly Released: Apr 27, 2006.
With contributions to United Nations (UN) organizations totaling more than $1.6 billion in 2006-2007, the United States has advocated strong UN oversight. In 1994, the United States provided support to establish the Office of Internal Oversight Services (OIOS). The findings of the Independent Inquiry Committee (IIC) into the Oil for Food Program have renewed concerns about UN oversight, and the 20...
United Nations: Procurement Internal Controls Are Weak
GAO-06-577: Published: Apr 25, 2006. Publicly Released: Apr 27, 2006.
For more than a decade, experts have called on the United Nations (UN) Secretariat to correct serious deficiencies in its procurement process. Recent evidence of corruption and mismanagement in procurement suggests that millions of dollars contributed to the UN by the United States and other member states are at risk of fraud, waste and abuse. During the last decade, UN procurement has more than t...
United Nations: Internal Oversight and Procurement Controls and Processes Need Strengthening
GAO-06-701T: Published: Apr 27, 2006. Publicly Released: Apr 27, 2006.
The United States has strongly advocated that the United Nations (UN) reform its management practices to mitigate various program and financial risks. The findings of the Independent Inquiry Committee into the Oil for Food Program have renewed concerns about UN oversight, and the 2005 UN World Summit proposed actions to improve the UN's Office of Internal Oversight Services (OIOS). Furthermore, ov...
United Nations: Lessons Learned from Oil for Food Program Indicate the Need to Strengthen UN Internal Controls and Oversight Activities
GAO-06-330: Published: Apr 25, 2006. Publicly Released: Apr 25, 2006.
In 1996, the United Nations (UN) Security Council and Iraq began the Oil for Food program to address Iraq's humanitarian situation after sanctions were imposed in 1990. More than $67 billion in oil revenue was obtained through the program, with $31 billion in humanitarian assistance delivered to Iraq. The 2005 Defense Authorization Act mandated that GAO review the Oil for Food program. GAO reviewe...