Other (11 - 20 of 72 items)
Nuclear Nonproliferation: IAEA Has Strengthened Its Safeguards and Nuclear Security Programs, but Weaknesses Need to Be Addressed
GAO-06-93: Published: Oct 7, 2005. Publicly Released: Nov 7, 2005.
The International Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA) safeguards system has been a cornerstone of U.S. efforts to prevent nuclear weapons proliferation since the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) was adopted in 1970. IAEA has strengthened its safeguards system and increased efforts to combat nuclear terrorism by helping countries secure nuclear and radioactive material and facilit...
Social Security Reform: Other Countries' Experiences Provide Lessons for the United States
GAO-06-126: Published: Oct 21, 2005. Publicly Released: Oct 21, 2005.
Many countries, including the United States, are grappling with demographic change and its effect on their national pension systems. With rising longevity and declining birthrates, the number of workers for each retiree is falling in most developed countries, straining the finances of national pension programs, particularly where contributions from current workers fund payments to current benefici...
Social Security Reform: Preliminary Lessons from Other Countries' Experiences
GAO-05-810T: Published: Jun 16, 2005. Publicly Released: Jun 16, 2005.
Many countries, including the United States, are grappling with demographic change and its effect on their national pension systems. The number of workers for each retiree is falling in most developed countries, straining the finances of national pension programs, particularly where contributions from current workers fund payments to current beneficiaries--known as a "pay-as-you-go" (PAYG) system...
Peacekeeping: Multinational Force And Observers Maintaining Accountability, but State Department Oversight Could Be Improved
GAO-04-883: Published: Jul 23, 2004. Publicly Released: Jul 23, 2004.
Since 1982, the Multinational Force and Observers (MFO) has monitored compliance with the security provisions of the Egyptian-Israeli Treaty of Peace. The United States, while not a party to the treaty, contributes 40 percent of the troops and a third of MFO's annual budget. All personnel in the MFO civilian observer unit (COU) are Americans. GAO (1) assessed State's oversight of the MFO, (2) revi...
Developing Countries: Challenges in Financing Poor Countries' Economic Growth and Debt Relief Targets
GAO-04-688T: Published: Apr 20, 2004. Publicly Released: Apr 20, 2004.
The Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative, established in 1996, is a bilateral and multilateral effort to provide debt relief to poor countries to help them achieve economic growth and debt sustainability. Multilateral creditors are having difficulty financing their share of the initiative, even with assistance from donors. Under the existing initiative, many countries are unlikely to...
World Bank Group: Important Steps Taken on Internal Control but Additional Assessments Should Be Made
GAO-03-366: Published: Jun 16, 2003. Publicly Released: Jun 16, 2003.
The Congress passed Public Law 106-429 because it was concerned about the sufficiency of external audits of the financial operations of the World Bank Group, a set of multilateral development banks. This law provides that GAO report on the sufficiency of such audits of each Bank Group entity. GAO addressed (1) the extent that the external auditor was providing assurance on internal control over fi...
Regional Multilateral Development Banks: External Audit Reporting Could Be Expanded
GAO-02-27: Published: Dec 14, 2001. Publicly Released: Dec 14, 2001.
Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs) provide financial support to promote social and economic progress in developing countries and the countries of central and eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. Under the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act of 2001, the United States is providing $1.3 billion to support the MDBs, with $460 million going to the re...
Multilateral Development Banks: Profiles of Selected Multilateral Development Banks
GAO-01-665: Published: May 18, 2001. Publicly Released: May 18, 2001.
This report discusses Multilateral Development Banks (MDB), which provide financial support for projects and programs that promote social and economic progress in developing countries. GAO provides (1) summaries of each bank's mission, function, and operations; (2) key bank financial data covering the last three fiscal years; and (3) information on the U.S. investment in capital and voting percent...
Free Trade Area of the Americas: Negotiations at Key Juncture on Eve of April Meetings
GAO-01-552: Published: Mar 30, 2001. Publicly Released: Apr 2, 2001.
The negotiations to establish a Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA), which would eliminate tariffs and create common trade and investment rules within the 34 democratic nations of the Western Hemisphere, are among the most significant ongoing multilateral trade negotiations for the United States. Two meetings held in April 2001 offer opportunities to inject momentum and set an ambitious pace fo...
Foreign Assistance: International Efforts to Aid Russia's Transition Have Had Mixed Results
GAO-01-8: Published: Nov 1, 2000. Publicly Released: Nov 1, 2000.
Since the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, organizations and donors have provided Russia with tens of billions of dollars in economic assistance to helping it transition to a market economy within a democratic state. This transition presents opportunities and challenges to the Russians and to those providing economic assistance. This report focuses on the assistance given to Russia by the Inte...