North Atlantic Treaty Organization (101 - 110 of 133 items)
DOD's Implementation of Section 114 of the Fiscal Year 1980 Military Construction Appropriations Act
LCD-80-90: Published: Jul 29, 1980. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 1980.
GAO was asked to monitor the implementation and effect of section 114 of the fiscal year 1980 Military Construction Appropriation Act. This section requires that American steel producers, fabricators, and manufacturers be given the opportunity to compete for the sale of steel outside the United States when U.S. military construction funds are used.GAO found that the clause presented no problem for...
Equitable Cost Sharing Questioned on NATO's Airborne Early Warning and Control Program
ID-80-47: Published: Jul 1, 1980. Publicly Released: Jul 1, 1980.
A $1.8 billion airborne early warning and control program funded by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) has been placed on a cooperative basis wherein the costs will be shared by participating countries. The United States will pay about 42 percent of the acquisition costs and the recurring operations and support costs of the program. The Department of Defense (DOD) estimates that when th...
Impact of Raising or Repealing the Commercial Arms Sales Ceiling
111720: Mar 4, 1980
A review of the impact of raising or repealing the commercial arms sales ceiling was discussed. Specifically, the review was directed toward a comparison of foreign military sales (FMS) and the effect of such controls on U.S. firms engaged in the international arms trade. Under the ceiling, no commercial sales to foreign countries of major defense equipment in excess of $35 million are permitted,...
Defending Europe Against a Conventional Attack
112000: Jan 1, 1980
The increasing gap between the U.S. Army's capabilities and NATO commitments is discussed in terms of the Army's inability to meet its manpower mobilization needs for the conventional defense of Central Europe. Because of the problems associated with the All-Volunteer Force (AVF), other areas of military defense are affected such as equipment stockpiles and war reserves and military reinforcement...
Practices Used To Purchase Foreign Currencies for U.S. Contributions to NATO
ID-79-51: Published: Sep 26, 1979. Publicly Released: Oct 1, 1979.
The United States Army Support Group to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) purchased foreign currencies needed for contributions to NATO. A study was made of this Support Group's Purchasing practices.It was found that this Support Group was accelerating or delaying NATO payments in an attempt to obtain favorable exchange rates. Such speculative efforts were considered contrary to the in...
NATO's New Defense Program: Issues for Consideration
ID-79-4A: Published: Jul 9, 1979. Publicly Released: Jul 9, 1979.
NATO is recognized to be this country's single most important security arrangement. Its new plan, the Long-Term Defense Program (LTDP), reflects the alliance's most recent acknowledgement of, and effort to resolve, its well-known shortcomings and deficiencies in light of the buildup of the Warsaw Pact forces. The plan focuses on NATO's priority defense concerns, which are: readiness; reinforcement...
Opportunities To Improve Decisionmaking and Oversight of Arms Sales
ID-79-22: Published: May 21, 1979. Publicly Released: May 21, 1979.
In May 1977 the President announced an arms transfer restraint policy. The policy included quantitative and qualitative controls on government-to-government sales to all countries except our NATO allies, Japan, Australia, and New Zealand. The most visible element of the policy was the ceiling placed on the aggregate dollar value of sales to nonexempt countries in 1978 and 1979.The evidence that th...
Transatlantic Cooperation in Developing Weapon Systems for NATO--A European Perspective
PSAD-79-26: Published: Mar 21, 1979. Publicly Released: Mar 21, 1979.
Interoperability and standardization in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) are receiving strong emphasis in defense circles throughout the alliance. Both are seen as ways to improve performance on the battle field and to promote better management of defense budgets. Interoperability requires two or more weapon systems, used for the same military purposes, to be sufficiently similar to e...
NATO's New Defense Program: Issues for Consideration
ID-79-4: Published: Mar 13, 1979. Publicly Released: Mar 13, 1979.
In May 1978, leaders of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) adopted a new plan to improve alliance defense capabilities. This report describes the new program and its objectives, summarizes what the NATO Defense Ministers and Heads of States agreed to do, and identifies the issues and potential implications for Congress. The Long-Term Defense Program approach will supplement the regular...
Marine Amphibious Forces: A Look at Their Readiness, Role, and Mission
LCD-78-417A: Published: Feb 6, 1979. Publicly Released: Feb 6, 1979.
The Marine Corps' size, structure, and ability to perform some of its more demanding missions raise questions about its capabilities. Some problems relating to these areas and the Corps' overall readiness affect not only the II Marine Amphibious Force (II MAF) but also the entire Corps. However, since II MAF has a priority North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) mission in a European war, GAO's...