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Multinational (121 - 130 of 706 items)
U.S.-China Trade: Commerce Faces Practical and Legal Challenges in Applying Countervailing Duties
GAO-05-474: Published: Jun 17, 2005. Publicly Released: Jun 17, 2005.
Some U.S. companies allege that unfair subsidies are a factor in Chinese success in U.S. markets. U.S. producers injured by subsidized imports may normally seek countervailing duties (CVD) to offset subsidies, but the United States does not apply CVDs against countries, including China, that the Department of Commerce classifies as "nonmarket economies" (NME). In this report, GAO (1) explains why...
Social Security Reform: Preliminary Lessons from Other Countries' Experiences
GAO-05-810T: Published: Jun 16, 2005. Publicly Released: Jun 16, 2005.
Many countries, including the United States, are grappling with demographic change and its effect on their national pension systems. The number of workers for each retiree is falling in most developed countries, straining the finances of national pension programs, particularly where contributions from current workers fund payments to current beneficiaries--known as a "pay-as-you-go" (PAYG) system...
Global Health: The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria Is Responding to Challenges but Needs Better Information and Documentation for Performance-Based Funding
GAO-05-639: Published: Jun 10, 2005. Publicly Released: Jun 10, 2005.
The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria--established as a private foundation in January 2002--is intended to rapidly disburse grants to recipients, including governments and nongovernmental organizations. The Global Fund has signed over 270 grant agreements and disbursed more than $1 billion. Governments provide most of its funding; the United States has provided almost one-third o...
World Trade Organization: Global Trade Talks Back on Track, but Considerable Work Needed to Fulfill Ambitious Objectives
GAO-05-538: Published: May 31, 2005. Publicly Released: May 31, 2005.
The outcome of ongoing World Trade Organization (WTO) negotiations is vital to the U.S. economy, because trade with WTO members accounts for about one-fifth of the U.S. gross domestic product. The current round of trade negotiations--called the Doha Round--was supposed to end by January 2005 with agreement on the key issues of agriculture, industrial market access, services, and to strengthen the...
Information Security: Radio Frequency Identification Technology in the Federal Government
GAO-05-551: Published: May 27, 2005. Publicly Released: May 27, 2005.
Radio frequency identification (RFID) is an automated data-capture technology that can be used to electronically identify, track, and store information contained on a tag that is attached to or embedded in an object, such as a product, case, or pallet. Federal agencies have begun implementation of RFID technology, which offers them new capabilities and efficiencies in operations. The reduced cost...
Free Trade Area of the Americas: Missed Deadline Prompts Efforts to Restart Stalled Hemispheric Trade Negotiations
GAO-05-166: Published: Mar 18, 2005. Publicly Released: Apr 18, 2005.
If completed, the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) agreement would encompass an area of 800 million people and about $13 trillion in production of goods and services, making it the most significant regional trade initiative presently being pursued by the United States. The 34 democratic nations of the Western Hemisphere formally launched negotiations towards a FTAA in 1998, and set a January...
U.S.-China Trade: Opportunities to Improve U.S. Government Efforts to Ensure Open and Fair Markets
GAO-05-554T: Published: Apr 14, 2005. Publicly Released: Apr 14, 2005.
Today's hearing takes place not only at a time of increasing trade between the United States and China but also amidst a period of ongoing concern about the growing U.S. trade deficit with China, which totaled $162 billion in 2004. Managing this relationship with one of the United States' most important trading partners is an effort that calls upon the resources of nearly every aspect of the U.S....
U.S.-China Trade: Textile Safeguard Procedures Should Be Improved
GAO-05-296: Published: Apr 4, 2005. Publicly Released: Apr 4, 2005.
U.S. textile and apparel imports from China have more than doubled in value since China became a World Trade Organization (WTO) member. When joining the WTO, China agreed to a special textile safeguard mechanism applicable only to that country. In this report, GAO (1) describes the mechanism, (2) describes requests for safeguard action filed by U.S. producers and the results of these requests, and...
Freshwater Programs: Federal Agencies' Funding in the United States and Abroad
GAO-05-253: Published: Mar 11, 2005. Publicly Released: Mar 11, 2005.
As the world's population tripled during the past century, demand for the finite amount of freshwater resources increased six-fold, straining these resources for many countries, including the United States. The United Nations estimates that, worldwide, more than 1 billion people live without access to clean drinking water and over 2.4 billion people lack the basic sanitation needed for human healt...
United Nations: Sustained Oversight Is Needed for Reforms to Achieve Lasting Results
GAO-05-392T: Published: Mar 2, 2005. Publicly Released: Mar 2, 2005.
The U.N. regular budget for the 2004-2005 biennium exceeded $3 billion for the first time. In light of the organization's increasing demands, the U.N. Secretary General and member states have called on the Secretariat to better define priorities and eliminate outdated activities. In response, the Secretary General launched major reform initiatives in 1997 and 2002, and we reported on the status of...