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Multinational (101 - 110 of 706 items)
United Nations: Oil for Food Program Provides Lessons for Future Sanctions and Ongoing Reform
GAO-06-711T: Published: May 2, 2006. Publicly Released: May 2, 2006.
In 1996, the United Nations (UN) and Iraq began the Oil for Food program after sanctions were imposed in 1990. The program was intended to allow the Iraqi government to sell oil to pay for humanitarian goods and prevent it from obtaining goods for military purposes. More than $67 billion in oil revenue was obtained through the program, with $31 billion in assistance delivered to Iraq. Internal con...
United Nations: Funding Arrangement Impede Independence of Internal Auditors
GAO-06-575: Published: Apr 25, 2006. Publicly Released: Apr 27, 2006.
With contributions to United Nations (UN) organizations totaling more than $1.6 billion in 2006-2007, the United States has advocated strong UN oversight. In 1994, the United States provided support to establish the Office of Internal Oversight Services (OIOS). The findings of the Independent Inquiry Committee (IIC) into the Oil for Food Program have renewed concerns about UN oversight, and the 20...
United Nations: Procurement Internal Controls Are Weak
GAO-06-577: Published: Apr 25, 2006. Publicly Released: Apr 27, 2006.
For more than a decade, experts have called on the United Nations (UN) Secretariat to correct serious deficiencies in its procurement process. Recent evidence of corruption and mismanagement in procurement suggests that millions of dollars contributed to the UN by the United States and other member states are at risk of fraud, waste and abuse. During the last decade, UN procurement has more than t...
United Nations: Internal Oversight and Procurement Controls and Processes Need Strengthening
GAO-06-701T: Published: Apr 27, 2006. Publicly Released: Apr 27, 2006.
The United States has strongly advocated that the United Nations (UN) reform its management practices to mitigate various program and financial risks. The findings of the Independent Inquiry Committee into the Oil for Food Program have renewed concerns about UN oversight, and the 2005 UN World Summit proposed actions to improve the UN's Office of Internal Oversight Services (OIOS). Furthermore, ov...
World Trade Organization: Limited Progress at Hong Kong Ministerial Clouds Prospects for Doha Agreement
GAO-06-596: Published: Apr 26, 2006. Publicly Released: Apr 26, 2006.
U.S. officials often call the World Trade Organization's (WTO) Doha Development Agenda or "Round" of global trade talks, launched in Doha, Qatar, in November 2001, a "once in a generation opportunity" to expand trade. President Bush has identified their success as his administration's top trade priority. Due to various U.S. notification and consultation requirements, concluding the negotiations in...
United Nations: Lessons Learned from Oil for Food Program Indicate the Need to Strengthen UN Internal Controls and Oversight Activities
GAO-06-330: Published: Apr 25, 2006. Publicly Released: Apr 25, 2006.
In 1996, the United Nations (UN) Security Council and Iraq began the Oil for Food program to address Iraq's humanitarian situation after sanctions were imposed in 1990. More than $67 billion in oil revenue was obtained through the program, with $31 billion in humanitarian assistance delivered to Iraq. The 2005 Defense Authorization Act mandated that GAO review the Oil for Food program. GAO reviewe...
U.S.-China Trade: Challenges and Choices to Apply Countervailing Duties to China
GAO-06-608T: Published: Apr 4, 2006. Publicly Released: Apr 4, 2006.
Some U.S. companies allege that unfair subsidies are a factor in China's success in U.S. markets. U.S. producers injured by subsidized imports may normally seek countervailing duties (CVD), but the United States does not apply CVDs against countries, including China, that the Department of Commerce classifies as "non-market economies" (NME). In this testimony, which is based on a June 2005 report...
Peacekeeping: Cost Comparison of Actual UN and Hypothetical U.S. Operations in Haiti
GAO-06-331: Published: Feb 21, 2006. Publicly Released: Feb 21, 2006.
The UN employs about 85,000 military and civilian personnel in peacekeeping operations in 16 countries. The United States has provided about $1 billion annually to support UN peacekeeping operations. In addition, the United States has led and participated in many such operations. UN reports and congressional hearings have raised concerns about accountability for UN peacekeeping operations and the...
Rebuilding Iraq: Stabilization, Reconstruction, and Financing Challenges
GAO-06-428T: Published: Feb 8, 2006. Publicly Released: Feb 8, 2006.
The United States, along with coalition partners and various international organizations, has undertaken a challenging and costly effort to stabilize and rebuild Iraq following multiple wars and decades of neglect by the former regime. This enormous effort is taking place in an unstable security environment, concurrent with Iraqi efforts to transition to its first permanent government. The United...
U.S.-China Trade: Eliminating Nonmarket Economy Methodology Would Lower Antidumping Duties for Some Chinese Companies
GAO-06-231: Published: Jan 10, 2006. Publicly Released: Jan 10, 2006.
U.S. companies adversely affected by unfair imports may seek a number of relief measures, including antidumping (AD) duties. The Department of Commerce (Commerce) classifies China as a nonmarket economy (NME) and uses a special methodology that is commonly believed to produce AD duty rates that are higher than those applied to market economies. Commerce may stop applying its NME methodology if it...