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Multinational (111 - 120 of 705 items)
International Remittances: Information on Products, Costs, and Consumer Disclosures
GAO-06-204: Published: Nov 17, 2005. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2005.
Remittances are personal funds immigrants send to their home countries. The United States is the largest remittance-sending country in the world, with more than $36 billion remitted in 2003, according to the International Monetary Fund. The majority of these remittances are sent to Latin America and the Caribbean and they are a very important source of financial flows to many countries. In 2004, t...
Nuclear Nonproliferation: IAEA Has Strengthened Its Safeguards and Nuclear Security Programs, but Weaknesses Need to Be Addressed
GAO-06-93: Published: Oct 7, 2005. Publicly Released: Nov 7, 2005.
The International Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA) safeguards system has been a cornerstone of U.S. efforts to prevent nuclear weapons proliferation since the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) was adopted in 1970. IAEA has strengthened its safeguards system and increased efforts to combat nuclear terrorism by helping countries secure nuclear and radioactive material and facilit...
United Nations: Preliminary Observations on Internal Oversight and Procurement Practices
GAO-06-226T: Published: Oct 31, 2005. Publicly Released: Oct 31, 2005.
This testimony discusses internal oversight and procurement in the United Nations (UN). The findings of the Independent Inquiry Committee into the UN's Oil for Food Program have rekindled long-standing concerns about internal oversight and procurement at the United Nations. In addition, the UN's 2005 World Summit called for a host of reforms, from human rights, terrorism, and peace-building to eco...
Social Security Reform: Other Countries' Experiences Provide Lessons for the United States
GAO-06-126: Published: Oct 21, 2005. Publicly Released: Oct 21, 2005.
Many countries, including the United States, are grappling with demographic change and its effect on their national pension systems. With rising longevity and declining birthrates, the number of workers for each retiree is falling in most developed countries, straining the finances of national pension programs, particularly where contributions from current workers fund payments to current benefici...
U.S.-China Trade: The United States Has Not Restricted Imports under the China Safeguard
GAO-05-1056: Published: Sep 29, 2005. Publicly Released: Sep 29, 2005.
In joining the World Trade Organization (WTO) in December 2001, China agreed to a number of mechanisms to allow other WTO members to address disruptive import surges from that country. Among these was a transitional product-specific safeguard. In general, safeguards are temporary import restrictions of limited duration that provide an opportunity for domestic industries to adjust to increasing imp...
International Trade: Issues and Effects of Implementing the Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset Act
GAO-05-979: Published: Sep 26, 2005. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 2005.
Between fiscal years 2001 and 2004, the Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset Act (CDSOA) provided over $1 billion funded from import duties to U.S. companies deemed injured by unfair trade. Some supporters state CDSOA helps U.S. companies compete in the face of continuing unfair trade. Some opponents believe CDSOA recipients receive a large, unjustified windfall from the U.S. treasury. Also, 11 Wo...
Rebuilding Iraq: U.S. Assistance for the January 2005 Elections
GAO-05-932R: Published: Sep 7, 2005. Publicly Released: Sep 7, 2005.
Fostering a democratic and publicly elected government in Iraq is a U.S. foreign policy priority. According to the President, the United States intends to help Iraq achieve democracy and has a vital national interest in the success of free institutions in Iraq. Toward that end, the Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA) transferred power to a sovereign Iraqi interim government on June 28, 2004. Wit...
Rebuilding Iraq: Status of Funding and Reconstruction Efforts
GAO-05-876: Published: Jul 28, 2005. Publicly Released: Jul 28, 2005.
Rebuilding Iraq is a U.S. national security and foreign policy priority and constitutes the largest U.S. assistance program since World War II. Billions of dollars in grants, loans, assets, and revenues from various sources have been made available or pledged to the reconstruction of Iraq. The United States, along with its coalition partners and various international organizations and donors, has...
International Trade: Further Improvements Needed to Handle Growing Workload for Monitoring and Enforcing Trade Agreements
GAO-05-537: Published: Jun 30, 2005. Publicly Released: Jul 26, 2005.
The vast majority of U.S. exports are covered by at least one trade agreement. Ensuring that U.S. companies can take advantage of the market opportunities created by trade agreements has therefore become a critical responsibility for U.S. government agencies. GAO examined U.S. government efforts to monitor and enforce trade agreements. Specifically, GAO (1) reviewed how the nature and scope of U.S...
U.S.-China Trade: Commerce Faces Practical and Legal Challenges in Applying Countervailing Duties
GAO-05-474: Published: Jun 17, 2005. Publicly Released: Jun 17, 2005.
Some U.S. companies allege that unfair subsidies are a factor in Chinese success in U.S. markets. U.S. producers injured by subsidized imports may normally seek countervailing duties (CVD) to offset subsidies, but the United States does not apply CVDs against countries, including China, that the Department of Commerce classifies as "nonmarket economies" (NME). In this report, GAO (1) explains why...