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Multinational (91 - 100 of 705 items)
International Organizations: Assistance Programs Constrained in Burma
GAO-07-457: Published: Apr 6, 2007. Publicly Released: Apr 19, 2007.
Burma is one of the world's most impoverished and isolated countries. The United Nations (UN) and other international organizations have become important sources of outside assistance to the country. In recent years, UN entities have increased their funding for activities aimed at addressing Burma's problems. However, Burma's military regime has imposed restrictions on international organizations'...
World Trade Organization: Congress Faces Key Decisions as Efforts to Reach Doha Agreement Intensify
GAO-07-379: Published: Mar 5, 2007. Publicly Released: Mar 5, 2007.
President Bush has identified the success of global trade talks launched in Doha, Qatar, in November 2001 as one of the United States' top trade policy priorities. Known as the Doha Development Agenda, the talks are an important means of spurring global growth and development. Completing the talks in 2006 was considered essential for an agreement to qualify for streamlined congressional considerat...
Update on the United Nations' Capital Master Plan
GAO-07-414R: Published: Feb 15, 2007. Publicly Released: Feb 15, 2007.
Since 2000, the United Nations (UN) has been developing a Capital Master Plan (CMP) to renovate its headquarters complex in New York City to bring it into compliance with current life safety and building codes. The planned renovation will also enable the UN to address technology and security needs. Since 2001, we have reported on the UN's efforts to develop the CMP. As we finalized our most recent...
Darfur Crisis: Progress in Aid and Peace Monitoring Threatened by Ongoing Violence and Operational Challenges
GAO-07-9: Published: Nov 9, 2006. Publicly Released: Dec 11, 2006.
In 2003, violent conflict in Darfur, Sudan broke out between rebel groups, government troops, and government-supported Arab militias, known as the Janjaweed. The conflict has displaced about 2 million Darfurians and has so affected over 1.9 million others that they require assistance. Since October 2003, the U.S. government has provided humanitarian assistance in Darfur and supported African Union...
United Nations: Renovation Planning Follows Industry Practices, but Procurement and Oversight Could Present Challenges
GAO-07-31: Published: Nov 16, 2006. Publicly Released: Nov 16, 2006.
The United Nations (UN) estimated in 2005 that renovating its headquarters will cost up to $1.75 billion. As the UN's host country and largest contributor, the United States has a substantial interest in the project's success. In this report, we (1) determine whether the development of the Capital Master Plan (CMP) has been consistent with leading industry practices, (2) examine factors that led t...
United Nations: Management Reforms Progressing Slowly with Many Awaiting General Assembly Review
GAO-07-14: Published: Oct 5, 2006. Publicly Released: Oct 5, 2006.
Despite various reform efforts, significant inefficiencies in United Nations (UN) management operations persist. In September 2005, heads of UN member states approved a resolution that called for a series of reforms to strengthen the organization. As the largest financial contributor to the UN, the United States has a strong interest in the progress of UN reform initiatives. GAO was asked to (1) i...
Nuclear Nonproliferation: IAEA Safeguards and Other Measures to Halt the Spread of Nuclear Weapons and Material
GAO-06-1128T: Published: Sep 26, 2006. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 2006.
The International Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA) safeguards system has been a cornerstone of U.S. efforts to prevent nuclear weapons proliferation since the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) was adopted in 1970. Safeguards allow IAEA to verify countries' compliance with the NPT. Since the discovery in 1991 of a clandestine nuclear weapons program in Iraq, IAEA has strengthene...
United Nations: Additional Efforts Needed to Increase U.S. Employment at U.N. Agencies
GAO-06-988: Published: Sep 6, 2006. Publicly Released: Sep 14, 2006.
The U.S. Congress continues to be concerned about the underrepresentation of U.S. professionals in some UN organizations and that insufficient progress has been made to improve U.S. representation. In 2001, GAO reported that several UN agencies fell short of their targets for U.S. representation and had not developed strategies to employ more Americans. This report reviews (1) U.S. representation...
United Nations: Weaknesses in Internal Oversight and Procurement Could Affect the Effective Implementation of the Planned Renovation
GAO-06-877T: Published: Jun 20, 2006. Publicly Released: Jun 20, 2006.
The UN headquarters buildings are in need of renovation. The Capital Master Plan is an opportunity for the organization to renovate its headquarters buildings and ensure conformity with current safety, fire, and security requirements. Estimated by the UN to cost about $1.6 billion, the renovation will require a substantial management effort by the UN--including the use of effective internal oversi...
United Nations: Oil for Food Program Provides Lessons for Future Sanctions and Ongoing Reform
GAO-06-711T: Published: May 2, 2006. Publicly Released: May 2, 2006.
In 1996, the United Nations (UN) and Iraq began the Oil for Food program after sanctions were imposed in 1990. The program was intended to allow the Iraqi government to sell oil to pay for humanitarian goods and prevent it from obtaining goods for military purposes. More than $67 billion in oil revenue was obtained through the program, with $31 billion in assistance delivered to Iraq. Internal con...