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Multinational (151 - 160 of 705 items)
United Nations: Reforms Progressing, but Comprehensive Assessments Needed to Measure Impact
GAO-04-339: Published: Feb 13, 2004. Publicly Released: Feb 13, 2004.
The U.N. Secretary General launched two reform agendas, in 1997 and 2002, to address the U.N.'s core management challenges--poor leadership of the Secretariat, duplication among its many offices and programs, and the lack of accountability for staff performance. In 2000, GAO reported that the Secretary General had reorganized the Secretariat's leadership and structure, but that the reforms were no...
Climate Change: Selected Nations' Reports on Greenhouse Gas Emissions Varied in Their Adherence to Standards
GAO-04-98: Published: Dec 23, 2003. Publicly Released: Jan 23, 2004.
In 1992, the United States and other parties, including both developed and developing nations, agreed to try to limit dangerous human interference with the climate by participating in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The parties agreed, among other things, to report on their emissions of carbon dioxide and five other gases whose buildup in the atmosphere is believed to af...
World Trade Organization: Cancun Ministerial Fails to Move Global Trade Negotiations Forward; Next Steps Uncertain
GAO-04-250: Published: Jan 15, 2004. Publicly Released: Jan 15, 2004.
Trade ministers from 146 members of the World Trade Organization (WTO), representing 93 percent of global commerce, convened in Cancun, Mexico, in September 2003. Their goal was to provide direction for ongoing trade negotiations involving a broad set of issues that included agriculture, nonagricultural market access, services, and special treatment for developing countries. These negotiations, pa...
Department of State (State) and United Nations relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) Actions to Implement Section 301(c) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961
GAO-04-276R: Published: Nov 17, 2003. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2003.
Established in 1949 by the United Nations, UNRWA provides assistance to Palestinian refugees in the Middle East. UNRWA assistance is primarily education, health, and relief and social services. More than 4 million Palestinian refugees are eligible to receive these services in UNRWA's five areas of operation--Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, the West Bank, and Gaza. In section 301(c) of the 1961 Foreign Ass...
World Trade Organization: Ensuring China's Compliance Requires a Sustained and Multifaceted Approach
GAO-04-172T: Published: Oct 30, 2003. Publicly Released: Oct 30, 2003.
China's accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) in December 2001 created substantial opportunities for U.S. companies seeking to expand into China's market. In joining the WTO, China agreed to liberalize its trade regime and open its markets to foreign goods and services. However, the U.S. government has become concerned about ensuring that China honors its commitments to offer a more pred...
U.N. Peacekeeping: Transition Strategies for Post-Conflict Countries Lack Results-Oriented Measures of Progress
GAO-03-1071: Published: Sep 26, 2003. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 2003.
The United Nations responded to the failure of some past peacekeeping operations by developing a strategy to help peacekeeping operations move a country from conflict to sustainable peace. It has attempted to apply this strategy to the large and costly peacekeeping operations in Sierra Leone, East Timor, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo since 2001. As a contributor of over 25 percent of th...
World Trade Organization: Standard of Review and Impact of Trade Remedy Rulings
GAO-03-824: Published: Jul 30, 2003. Publicly Released: Jul 30, 2003.
World Trade Organization (WTO) members rely on trade remedies in the form of duties or other import restrictions to protect their industries from injury due to unfair foreign trade practices or unexpected import surges. There is congressional concern that the WTO, created in 1995 to administer trade rules, is interfering with this ability. There is also congressional concern that the WTO is not tr...
United Nations: Early Renovation Planning Reasonable, but Additional Management Controls and Oversight Will Be Needed
GAO-03-566: Published: May 30, 2003. Publicly Released: Jun 25, 2003.
The United Nations (U.N.) estimates that its planned renovation of the seven buildings on the Headquarters complex could cost almost $1.2 billion. As the host country and the largest contributor to the United Nations, the United States has a significant interest in this project. This report (1) assesses the reasonableness of the U.N. process to develop the renovation plans, (2) analyzes the potent...
International Financial Crises: Challenges Remain in IMF's Ability to Anticipate, Prevent, and Resolve Financial Crises
GAO-03-734: Published: Jun 16, 2003. Publicly Released: Jun 16, 2003.
Building on reform initiatives instituted after the Mexican financial crisis, the IMF implemented new initiatives in the mid-1990s to better anticipate, prevent, and resolve sovereign financial crises. GAO was asked to assess (1) the IMF's framework for anticipating financial crises, (2) the status of key IMF reform initiatives to prevent financial crises, and (3) new IMF proposals to resolve futu...
World Bank Group: Important Steps Taken on Internal Control but Additional Assessments Should Be Made
GAO-03-366: Published: Jun 16, 2003. Publicly Released: Jun 16, 2003.
The Congress passed Public Law 106-429 because it was concerned about the sufficiency of external audits of the financial operations of the World Bank Group, a set of multilateral development banks. This law provides that GAO report on the sufficiency of such audits of each Bank Group entity. GAO addressed (1) the extent that the external auditor was providing assurance on internal control over fi...