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Multinational (131 - 140 of 706 items)
United Nations: Oil for Food Program Audits
GAO-05-346T: Published: Feb 15, 2005. Publicly Released: Feb 15, 2005.
The Oil for Food program was established by the United Nations and Iraq in 1996 to address concerns about the humanitarian situation after international sanctions were imposed in 1990. The program allowed the Iraqi government to use the proceeds of its oil sales to pay for food, medicine, and infrastructure maintenance. Allegations of fraud and corruption have plagued the Oil for Food program. As...
Foreign Assistance: U.S. Trade Capacity Building Extensive, but Its Effectiveness Has Yet to Be Evaluated
GAO-05-150: Published: Feb 11, 2005. Publicly Released: Feb 11, 2005.
Many developing countries have expressed concern about their inability to take advantage of global trading opportunities. The United States considers this ability a key factor in reducing poverty, achieving economic growth, raising income levels, and promoting stability. U.S. trade capacity building assistance is designed to address these concerns. GAO (1) identified the nature and extent of U.S....
U.S.-China Trade: Observations on Ensuring China's Compliance with World Trade Organization Commitments
GAO-05-295T: Published: Feb 4, 2005. Publicly Released: Feb 4, 2005.
U.S. government efforts to ensure China's compliance with its World Trade Organization (WTO) commitments require a sustained and multifaceted approach. To provide Congress with an update on these issues, GAO (1) discussed the key findings, conclusions, and recommendations from our recently issued work on China-WTO issues and (2) updated the Commission on a number of ongoing GAO reviews on China tr...
Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: House Interparliamentary Groups
GAO-05-236R: Published: Feb 3, 2005. Publicly Released: Feb 3, 2005.
GAO agreed to assist Congress in evaluating the extent to which the Schedules of Receipts, Disbursements, and Fund Balance for five Interparliamentary Groups appropriately reflect the actual cash receipts and disbursements and related fund balances for the years ended December 31, 2002, and 2001. These five groups were the Mexico-United States Interparliamentary Group, Canada-United States Interpa...
Global HIV/AIDS Epidemic: Selection of Antiretroviral Medications Provided Under U.S. Emergency Plan Is Limited
GAO-05-133: Published: Jan 11, 2005. Publicly Released: Jan 26, 2005.
In developing countries, only about 7 percent of people with HIV/AIDS receive treatment. In 2003, the Congress authorized the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, a 5-year, $15 billion initiative under the Office of the U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator. The Emergency Plan focuses on 15 developing countries, with a goal of supporting treatment for 2 million people. Treatment regimens use multipl...
U.S.-China Trade: Summary of 2003 World Trade Organization Transitional Review Mechanism for China
GAO-05-209R: Published: Jan 25, 2005. Publicly Released: Jan 25, 2005.
China's 2001 accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) raised expectations with Congress and the private sector about the prospects for China to reform its markets and allow greater access to foreign goods and services. As part of our long-term body of work related to China's membership in the WTO, we reported in October 2004 on how the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) and the Departments of...
Foreign Regimes' Assets: The United States Faces Challenges in Recovering Assets, but Has Mechanisms That Could Guide Future Efforts
GAO-04-1006: Published: Sep 14, 2004. Publicly Released: Oct 20, 2004.
For many years, the United States has used economic sanctions, including the freezing of foreign regimes' assets, when such regimes have been determined to be a threat to the nation. In light of recent efforts to "recover"--or target, identify, freeze, and transfer--Iraqi assets, GAO was asked to examine overall U.S. efforts to recover foreign regimes' assets. This report (1) describes the approac...
U.S.-China Trade: Opportunities to Improve U.S. Government Efforts to Ensure China's Compliance with World Trade Organization Commitments
GAO-05-53: Published: Oct 6, 2004. Publicly Released: Oct 6, 2004.
China's 2001 accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) required China to reform its economy and trade practices. As part of ongoing work, GAO reviewed how the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) and the Departments of Commerce, Agriculture, and State pursued China's WTO compliance in 2003. Specifically, this report (1) discusses the scope and disposition of China's compliance problems, (2) revi...
Protected Species: International Convention and U.S. Laws Protect Wildlife Differently
GAO-04-964: Published: Sep 15, 2004. Publicly Released: Sep 23, 2004.
International trade in wildlife is a multibillion-dollar industry that, in some cases, has taken species to the brink of extinction. To address the problem, several countries, including the United States, created an international treaty--the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora--that took effect in 1975. The United States also has domestic laws, such as t...
Peacekeeping: Multinational Force And Observers Maintaining Accountability, but State Department Oversight Could Be Improved
GAO-04-883: Published: Jul 23, 2004. Publicly Released: Jul 23, 2004.
Since 1982, the Multinational Force and Observers (MFO) has monitored compliance with the security provisions of the Egyptian-Israeli Treaty of Peace. The United States, while not a party to the treaty, contributes 40 percent of the troops and a third of MFO's annual budget. All personnel in the MFO civilian observer unit (COU) are Americans. GAO (1) assessed State's oversight of the MFO, (2) revi...