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Multinational (1 - 10 of 706 items)
Government Procurement: United States Reported Opening More Opportunities to Foreign Firms Than Other Countries, but Better Data Are Needed
GAO-17-168: Published: Feb 9, 2017. Publicly Released: Mar 13, 2017.
Under the World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA), the United States has reported opening more procurement covered by the agreement to foreign firms than have other parties to the agreement. For example, U.S. data for 2010—the most recent available—show that the United States reported $837 billion in GPA-covered procurement. This amount is about twice as large...
International Trade: Government Procurement Agreements Contain Similar Provisions, but Market Access Commitments Vary
GAO-16-727: Published: Sep 27, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 27, 2016.
GAO found that the World Trade Organization's (WTO) Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA) and selected U.S. free trade agreements' (FTA) government procurement chapters that GAO reviewed generally have similarities in text, and commitments, potentially because parties negotiated multiple agreements concurrently (see fig.). Each of the agreements outlines the general method for conducting gover...
Intellectual Property: Patent Office Should Strengthen Search Capabilities and Better Monitor Examiners' Work
GAO-16-479: Published: Jun 30, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 20, 2016.
Experts and U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) examiners described a variety of challenges in identifying information relevant to a claimed invention—or “prior art”—that can affect examiners' ability to complete a thorough prior art search in the time allotted and their confidence in their search efforts. These challenges include, among others, the quantity and availability of prior...
Iran Nuclear Agreement: The International Atomic Energy Agency's Authorities, Resources, and Challenges
GAO-16-565: Published: Jun 9, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 14, 2016.
As outlined in the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) was asked to verify and monitor Iran's implementation of a range of nuclear-related commitments. IAEA is using its safeguards authorities and conducting additional activities agreed to by Iran under the JCPOA to do so. Iran's commitments include limits on uranium enrichment levels and on en...
Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: U.S. Assistance to Combat This Harmful Practice Abroad Is Limited
GAO-16-485: Published: Apr 27, 2016. Publicly Released: May 19, 2016.
U.S. and United Nations (UN) studies since 2010 have identified a variety of factors contributing to the persistence of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C). In many communities where FGM/C is prevalent, FGM/C is an influential social norm that ensures social acceptance and is commonly perceived as a religious obligation. In addition, medicalization of the practice— when it is performed by...
Nuclear Nonproliferation: Preliminary Observations on IAEA's Role in Verifying the Iran Agreement
GAO-16-417: Published: Feb 12, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 23, 2016.
As outlined in the JCPOA, IAEA was asked to verify Iran's implementation of a range of nuclear-related commitments, and IAEA uses its authorities and conducts additional verification activities to do so, according to IAEA. Iran's commitments include limits on uranium enrichment levels and enriched uranium inventories. GAO's preliminary observations indicate that IAEA plans to verify Iran's impleme...
SEC Conflict Minerals Rule: Insights from Companies' Initial Disclosures and State and USAID Actions in the Democratic Republic of the Congo Region
GAO-16-200T: Published: Nov 17, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2015.
According to a generalizable sample GAO reviewed, company disclosures filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) for the first time in 2014 in response to the SEC conflict minerals disclosure rule indicated that most companies were unable to determine the source of their conflict minerals. Companies that filed disclosures used one or more of the four “conflict minerals”—tantalum...
Southeast Asia: Trends in U.S. and Chinese Economic Engagement
GAO-15-724: Published: Aug 13, 2015. Publicly Released: Aug 13, 2015.
View Chinese version of Highlights (PDF, 1 page).What GAO FoundChina has surpassed the United States in goods trade with Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries and trades a similar amount of services, but U.S. investment exceeds reported Chinese investment. China surpassed the United States in goods trade with ASEAN countries in 2007. In 2014, China's total goods trade of $480 bi...
African Growth and Opportunity Act: Insights from Other Countries' Preference Programs and Participation in Trade Negotiations
GAO-15-701: Published: Aug 5, 2015. Publicly Released: Aug 5, 2015.
The United States' African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) has differences from and similarities to 26 trade preference programs offered by other developed and developing countries in three key areas that can affect program performance in increasing and diversifying trade.Country eligibility. AGOA is unique in that it focuses eligibility on sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. Most other countri...
International Trade: The United States and European Union Are the Two Largest Markets Covered by Key Procurement-Related Agreements
GAO-15-717: Published: Jul 29, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 2015.
The United States is a party to, or is currently negotiating, international agreements covering government procurement with 60 countries. From 2008 through 2012 these countries together spent on average about $4.4 trillion annually to procure goods and services and to fund capital projects. This represented about a quarter of their total general government expenditures, and includes spending at th...