United States Agency for International Development (21 - 30 of 584 items)
International Food Assistance: USAID Should Systematically Assess the Effectiveness of Key Conditional Food Aid Activities
GAO-15-732: Published: Sep 10, 2015. Publicly Released: Sep 10, 2015.
The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) does not track the use of conditional food aid in projects funded under Title II of the Food for Peace Act. However, GAO's comprehensive review of USAID data found that most Title II projects included conditional food aid in fiscal years 2013 and 2014. Despite the prevalence of conditional food aid activities, USAID does not regularly collect d...
SEC Conflict Minerals Rule: Initial Disclosures Indicate Most Companies Were Unable to Determine the Source of Their Conflict Minerals
GAO-15-561: Published: Aug 18, 2015. Publicly Released: Aug 18, 2015.
According to a generalizable sample GAO reviewed, company disclosures filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) for the first time in 2014 in response to the SEC conflict minerals disclosure rule indicated that most companies were unable to determine the source of their conflict minerals. Companies that filed disclosures used one or more of the four “conflict minerals”—tantalum...
Southeast Asia: Trends in U.S. and Chinese Economic Engagement
GAO-15-724: Published: Aug 13, 2015. Publicly Released: Aug 13, 2015.
View Chinese version of Highlights (PDF, 1 page).What GAO FoundChina has surpassed the United States in goods trade with Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries and trades a similar amount of services, but U.S. investment exceeds reported Chinese investment. China surpassed the United States in goods trade with ASEAN countries in 2007. In 2014, China's total goods trade of $480 bi...
Central America: Improved Evaluation Efforts Could Enhance Agency Programs to Reduce Unaccompanied Child Migration
GAO-15-707: Published: Jul 29, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 2015.
U.S. agencies have sought to address causes of unaccompanied alien child (UAC) migration through recent programs, such as information campaigns to deter migration, developed in response to the migration increase and other long-standing efforts. The recent migration increase was likely triggered, according to U.S. officials, by several emergent factors such as the increased presence and sophisticat...
International Cash-Based Food Assistance: USAID Has Processes for Initial Project Approval but Needs to Strengthen Award Modification and Financial Oversight
GAO-15-760T: Published: Jul 9, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 9, 2015.
The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) awards new cash-based food assistance grants under its Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) through a competitive proposal review or an expedited noncompetitive process; however, USAID lacks formal internal guidance for modifying awards. In its March 2015 review of 22 grant awards, GAO found that USAID made 13 through its competitive process,...
Foreign Aid: USAID Has Taken Steps to Safeguard Government-to-Government Funding but Could Further Strengthen Accountability
GAO-15-377: Published: Jun 4, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 4, 2015.
For each key phase for government-to-government (G2G) assistance activities under its Local Solutions initiative, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) has policies that generally reflect federal accountability standards to help ensure funds are used as intended. However, GAO identified several steps in implementing these policies that could further strengthen accountability.Key Co...
Haiti Reconstruction: USAID Has Achieved Mixed Results and Should Enhance Sustainability Planning
GAO-15-517: Published: Jun 3, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 3, 2015.
As of September 30, 2014, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) had allocated $1.7 billion to the Haiti reconstruction effort, directing more than half of this funding to the health and food security sectors. USAID had obligated two-thirds and disbursed more than half of all allocated funding.USAID Funding for Haiti Earthquake Reconstruction as of September 30, 2014 Note: GAO defin...
International Education Assistance: USAID Has Implemented Primary Grade Reading Programs but Has Not Yet Measured Progress toward Its Strategic Goal
GAO-15-479: Published: May 7, 2015. Publicly Released: May 14, 2015.
U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) missions in all five countries where GAO conducted fieldwork were implementing primary grade reading interventions recommended in USAID's education strategy guidance. A key intervention in four of these countries is developing new reading instruction materials in mother-tongue languages—in some instances, multiple languages. In Ethiopia, for exam...
USAID Farmer-To-Farmer Program: Volunteers Provide Technical Assistance, but Actions Needed to Improve Screening and Monitoring
GAO-15-478: Published: Apr 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 30, 2015.
The U.S. Agency for International Development's (USAID) Bureau for Food Security administers the Farmer-to-Farmer (F2F) program through implementing partners under 5-year cooperative agreements. USAID provides overall direction, but relies on partners to execute program activities. USAID uses the agreements to establish the partners' objectives, tasks, and responsibilities. Once selected, partners...
International Cash-Based Food Assistance: USAID Has Developed Processes for Initial Project Approval but Should Strengthen Financial Oversight
GAO-15-328: Published: Mar 26, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 26, 2015.
The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) awards new cash-based food assistance grants under its Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) through a competitive proposal review or an expedited noncompetitive process; however, USAID lacks formal internal guidance for modifying awards. In its review of 22 grant awards, GAO found that USAID made 13 through its competitive process, 7 through...