Other (21 - 30 of 2,117 items)
U.S. Border Communities: Ongoing DOT Efforts Could Help Address Impacts of International Freight Rail
GAO-16-274: Published: Jan 28, 2016. Publicly Released: Jan 28, 2016.
Factors such as inspections and crew changes affect freight rail movements in the four U.S. border port of entry (POE) communities GAO visited, which can result in blocked highway-rail grade crossings. Federal agencies and others have taken actions to expedite rail in these communities. As part of its mission to safeguard the border, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) scans inbound rail cars...
Overseas Private Investment Corporation: Additional Actions Could Improve Monitoring Processes
GAO-16-64: Published: Dec 11, 2015. Publicly Released: Jan 11, 2016.
The Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC) provides loans, loan guarantees, and political risk insurance to private entities to support development in over 150 countries. In fiscal years 2008 through 2014, OPIC made 718 commitments worldwide valued at about $20 billion. OPIC committed the majority of this financing support to projects in Latin America and the Caribbean and in Sub-Saharan A...
Amtrak: Better Reporting, Planning, and Improved Financial Information Could Enhance Decision Making
GAO-16-67: Published: Jan 6, 2016. Publicly Released: Jan 6, 2016.
Amtrak's 2012 reorganization into Northeast Corridor, state-supported, and long-distance business lines established a structure to improve accountability for performance, but Amtrak could do more to accurately demonstrate its results. Most notably, Amtrak's new strategic management system as implemented by its long-distance line of business reflects several leading performance-management practices...
National Security Personnel: Committed Leadership Is Needed for Implementation of Interagency Rotation Program
GAO-16-57: Published: Nov 17, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2015.
As required by section 1107 of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for Fiscal Year 2013, the Committee on National Security Personnel (Committee) has taken steps to establish the Interagency Rotation Program for national security personnel, including developing a National Security Human Capital Strategy (Strategy). However, implementation of the program has languished and no personnel ha...
Workers' Compensation: Health Benefit Programs for Returned Peace Corps Volunteers and for Employees of U.S. Agency for International Development Contractors
GAO-16-28R: Published: Oct 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 30, 2015.
Peace Corps and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) both provide health benefits through workers' compensation programs. Peace Corps provides benefits to returned Peace Corps volunteers who sustain illnesses or injuries connected to their Peace Corps service under the Federal Employees' Compensation Act (FECA) program administered by the Department of Labor (DOL). USAID provides...
Federal User Fees: Key Considerations for Designing and Implementing Regulatory Fees
GAO-15-718: Published: Sep 16, 2015. Publicly Released: Sep 16, 2015.
GAO identified key elements of regulatory user fees for decision makers to consider as they design, implement, and evaluate these fees. Setting regulatory user fees: Congress determines in statute the degree of flexibility to make fee design and implementation decisions that will be retained or delegated to the agency. This has implications for whether agencies issue regulations to set fees, who w...
Positive Train Control: Additional Oversight Needed As Most Railroads Do Not Expect to Meet 2015 Implementation Deadline
GAO-15-739: Published: Sep 4, 2015. Publicly Released: Sep 16, 2015.
Most railroads in GAOâ€™s review (20 of 29) estimate that they will implement positive train control (PTC)â€”a communications-based system designed to prevent certain types of train accidentsâ€”1 to 5 years after the statutory deadline of December 31, 2015 (3 did not have an estimated completion date). Of the remaining 6 railroads, one was excepted from installing PTC based on limited speeds on it...
Technology Assessment: Water in the Energy Sector: Reducing Freshwater Use in Hydraulic Fracturing and Thermoelectric Power Plant Cooling
GAO-15-545: Published: Aug 7, 2015. Publicly Released: Sep 8, 2015.
Waterless and water-efficient fracturing technologies such as gas-based fracturing or foams have been used to reduce the use of freshwater in hydraulic fracturing operations, although the main benefit is enhanced hydrocarbon recovery. The geologic formation characteristics of shale plays largely determine their use. According to experts GAO consulted, hydraulic fracturing operators are managing th...
Indian Gaming: Regulation and Oversight by the Federal Government, States, and Tribes
GAO-15-743T: Published: Jul 22, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 22, 2015.
In its June 2015 report, GAO found that the Department of the Interior (Interior) has a multistep review process to help ensure that compactsâ€”agreements between a tribe and state that govern the conduct of the tribe's class III (or casino) gamingâ€”comply with the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act (IGRA). From 1998 through fiscal year 2014, Interior approved 78 percent of compacts; Interior did not a...
Federal Workforce: Additional Analysis and Sharing of Promising Practices Could Improve Employee Engagement and Performance
GAO-15-585: Published: Jul 14, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 15, 2015.
From 2006 through 2014, government-wide engagement levelsâ€”as measured by the Office of Personnel Management's (OPM) Employee Engagement Index (EEI)â€”increased to an estimated high of 67 percent in 2011 and then declined to an estimated 63 percent in 2014. This decline is attributable to several large agenciesâ€”including the Department of Defenseâ€”bringing down the government-wide average. The...