Other (21 - 30 of 2,120 items)
Technology Assessment: Municipal freshwater scarcity: Using technology to improve distribution system efficiency and tap nontraditional water sources
GAO-16-474: Published: Apr 29, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 29, 2016.
Water scarcity occurs when the demand for water in a given area approaches or exceeds available water supplies. A water utility facing scarcity may attempt to address it by reducing its demand on existing water supplies, increasing its water supplies, or both. Many mature technologies are available to address both of these areas. For example, a utility could try to improve the efficiency of its di...
Federal Real Property: Commodity Futures Trading Commission Needs Better Leasing Guidance to Improve Cost-effectiveness
GAO-16-434: Published: Apr 18, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 18, 2016.
The Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) did not make cost-effective decisions consistent with leading government guidance for lease procurement and internal controls when planning for additional space in fiscal years 2008–2015. CFTC began planning for expansion in the fiscal year 2009 time frame—more than a year before the enactment of the Dodd-Frank Act in July 2010. CFTC renewed leas...
National Mediation Board: Progress Made on Some GAO Recommendations to Strengthen Operations, but Key Controls Continue to Be Needed
GAO-16-240: Published: Feb 12, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 12, 2016.
The National Mediation Board (NMB) has made some progress in addressing the seven recommendations GAO made in December 2013; however, additional actions are needed to fully implement those recommendations and strengthen operations (see table). Without full implementation, NMB lacks reasonable assurance that its limited resources are effectively targeted and may be missing opportunities to improve...
U.S. Border Communities: Ongoing DOT Efforts Could Help Address Impacts of International Freight Rail
GAO-16-274: Published: Jan 28, 2016. Publicly Released: Jan 28, 2016.
Factors such as inspections and crew changes affect freight rail movements in the four U.S. border port of entry (POE) communities GAO visited, which can result in blocked highway-rail grade crossings. Federal agencies and others have taken actions to expedite rail in these communities. As part of its mission to safeguard the border, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) scans inbound rail cars...
Overseas Private Investment Corporation: Additional Actions Could Improve Monitoring Processes
GAO-16-64: Published: Dec 11, 2015. Publicly Released: Jan 11, 2016.
The Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC) provides loans, loan guarantees, and political risk insurance to private entities to support development in over 150 countries. In fiscal years 2008 through 2014, OPIC made 718 commitments worldwide valued at about $20 billion. OPIC committed the majority of this financing support to projects in Latin America and the Caribbean and in Sub-Saharan A...
Amtrak: Better Reporting, Planning, and Improved Financial Information Could Enhance Decision Making
GAO-16-67: Published: Jan 6, 2016. Publicly Released: Jan 6, 2016.
Amtrak's 2012 reorganization into Northeast Corridor, state-supported, and long-distance business lines established a structure to improve accountability for performance, but Amtrak could do more to accurately demonstrate its results. Most notably, Amtrak's new strategic management system as implemented by its long-distance line of business reflects several leading performance-management practices...
National Security Personnel: Committed Leadership Is Needed for Implementation of Interagency Rotation Program
GAO-16-57: Published: Nov 17, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2015.
As required by section 1107 of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for Fiscal Year 2013, the Committee on National Security Personnel (Committee) has taken steps to establish the Interagency Rotation Program for national security personnel, including developing a National Security Human Capital Strategy (Strategy). However, implementation of the program has languished and no personnel ha...
Workers' Compensation: Health Benefit Programs for Returned Peace Corps Volunteers and for Employees of U.S. Agency for International Development Contractors
GAO-16-28R: Published: Oct 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 30, 2015.
Peace Corps and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) both provide health benefits through workers' compensation programs. Peace Corps provides benefits to returned Peace Corps volunteers who sustain illnesses or injuries connected to their Peace Corps service under the Federal Employees' Compensation Act (FECA) program administered by the Department of Labor (DOL). USAID provides...
Federal User Fees: Key Considerations for Designing and Implementing Regulatory Fees
GAO-15-718: Published: Sep 16, 2015. Publicly Released: Sep 16, 2015.
GAO identified key elements of regulatory user fees for decision makers to consider as they design, implement, and evaluate these fees. Setting regulatory user fees: Congress determines in statute the degree of flexibility to make fee design and implementation decisions that will be retained or delegated to the agency. This has implications for whether agencies issue regulations to set fees, who...
Positive Train Control: Additional Oversight Needed As Most Railroads Do Not Expect to Meet 2015 Implementation Deadline
GAO-15-739: Published: Sep 4, 2015. Publicly Released: Sep 16, 2015.
Most railroads in GAO’s review (20 of 29) estimate that they will implement positive train control (PTC)—a communications-based system designed to prevent certain types of train accidents—1 to 5 years after the statutory deadline of December 31, 2015 (3 did not have an estimated completion date). Of the remaining 6 railroads, one was excepted from installing PTC based on limited speeds on it...