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National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (41 - 50 of 114 items)
Transportation Programs: Opportunities for Oversight and Improved Use of Taxpayer Funds
GAO-03-1040T: Published: Jul 22, 2003. Publicly Released: Jul 22, 2003.
It is important to ensure that longterm spending on transportation programs meets the goals of increasing mobility and improving transportation safety. In this testimony, GAO discusses what recently completed work on four transportation programs suggests about challenges and strategies for improving the oversight and use of taxpayer funds. These four programs are (1) the federal-aid highway progra...
Highway Safety: Factors Contributing to Traffic Crashes and NHTSA's Efforts to Address Them
GAO-03-730T: Published: May 22, 2003. Publicly Released: May 22, 2003.
From 1975 through 2002, annual traffic fatalities decreased from 44,525 to 42,850, while the rate of fatalities per 100 million vehicle miles traveled decreased from 3.35 to 1.51. However, decreases in fatalities have leveled off since the early 1990s. Since 1999, the number of alcohol-related fatalities has risen. In 1998, the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century funded a series of high...
Highway Safety: Better Guidance Could Improve Oversight of State Highway Safety Programs
GAO-03-474: Published: Apr 21, 2003. Publicly Released: May 14, 2003.
In 1998, the Transportation Equity Act for the 21St Century funded a series of highway safety programs. These safety programs, administered by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), increased funding to the states to improve highway safety through activities designed to encourage, among other things, the use of seat belts and child passenger seats and to prevent drinking and d...
Program Evaluation: An Evaluation Culture and Collaborative Partnerships Help Build Agency Capacity
GAO-03-454: Published: May 2, 2003. Publicly Released: May 2, 2003.
Agencies are increasingly asked to demonstrate results, but many programs lack credible performance information and the capacity to rigorously evaluate program results. To assist agency efforts to provide credible information, GAO examined the experiences of five agencies that demonstrated evaluation capacity in their performance reports: the Administration for Children and Families (ACF), the Coa...
Highway Safety: Research Continues on a Variety of Factors That Contribute to Motor Vehicle Crashes
GAO-03-436: Published: Mar 31, 2003. Publicly Released: Apr 30, 2003.
Nearly 6.3 million motor vehicle crashes occurred in the United States in 2001, or one crash every 5 seconds. On average, a person was injured in these crashes every 10 seconds, and someone was killed every 12 minutes. Since the 1970s, progress has been made in reducing the number of fatalities and injuries on our nation's roads. From 1975 through 2001, fatalities decreased from 44,525 to 42,116,...
Emergency Medical Services: Reported Needs Are Wide-Ranging, With A Growing Focus on Lack of Data.
GAO-02-28: Published: Oct 12, 2001. Publicly Released: Nov 16, 2001.
Local emergency medical systems (EMS) have reported substantial needs in such areas as personnel, training, equipment, and the availability of doctors to advise emergency personnel in the field. Federal agencies have supported EMS improvements by acting as facilitators rather then by establishing requirements or providing significant funding. The agencies provide technical assistance, set voluntar...
Vehicle Safety: Technologies, Challenges, and Research and Development Expenditures for Advanced Air Bags
GAO-01-596: Published: Jun 12, 2001. Publicly Released: Jun 12, 2001.
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has issued a rule requiring vehicle manufacturers to install advanced air bag systems in an increasing number of cars beginning in 2003. This report reviews the development of technologies that vehicle manufacturers plan to use to comply with the advanced air bag rule. GAO found that some advanced air bag technologies are now being install...
Underage Drinking: Information on Federal Funds Targeted at Prevention
GAO-01-503: Published: May 8, 2001. Publicly Released: Jun 7, 2001.
Many studies have found significant alcohol consumption among youth, even though the purchase and public possession of alcohol by persons under the age of 21 are illegal in every state and the District of Columbia. This report discusses (1) the amount of federal funds earmarked for preventing underage drinking in fiscal year 2000 and (2) funded programs in fiscal year 2000 that included efforts to...
Motor Vehicle Safety: NHTSA's Ability to Detect and Recall Defective Replacement Crash Parts Is Limited
GAO-01-225: Published: Jan 31, 2001. Publicly Released: Feb 14, 2001.
Although the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has the authority to regulate aftermarket crash parts, the agency has not developed safety standards for them because it has not determined that any aftermarket crash parts contain safety-related defects. NHTSA has more limited authority to regulate the use of recycled air bags. NHTSA could elect to develop safety standards for oc...
Automobile Fuel Economy: Potential Effects of Increasing the Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards
RCED-00-194: Published: Aug 15, 2000. Publicly Released: Aug 25, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) program standards, focusing on: (1) the impact of increasing CAFE standards on oil consumption, the environment, and automobile safety in the United States; and (2) other issues that affect the CAFE discussion.GAO noted that: (1) according to the studies reviewed and the experts interviewed, raising fuel ec...