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National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (31 - 40 of 114 items)
Older Driver Safety: Knowledge Sharing Should Help States Prepare for Increase in Older Driver Population
GAO-07-413: Published: Apr 11, 2007. Publicly Released: Apr 11, 2007.
As people age, their physical, visual, and cognitive abilities may decline, making it more difficult for them to drive safely. Older drivers are also more likely to suffer injuries or die in crashes than drivers in other age groups. These safety issues will increase in significance because older adults represent the fastest-growing U.S. population segment. GAO examined (1) what the federal governm...
Passenger Vehicle Fuel Economy: Preliminary Observations on Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards
GAO-07-551T: Published: Mar 6, 2007. Publicly Released: Mar 6, 2007.
Concerns over national security, environmental stresses, and economic pressures from increased fuel prices have led to the nation's interest in reducing oil consumption. Efforts to reduce oil consumption will need to include the transportation sector. For example, several Members of Congress have introduced bills proposing changes to the corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) program. This program...
Underinflated Tires in the United States
GAO-07-246R: Published: Feb 9, 2007. Publicly Released: Mar 5, 2007.
More than a quarter of automobiles and about a third of light trucks (including sport utility vehicles, vans, and pickup trucks) on the roadways of the United States have one or more tires underinflated 8 pounds per square inch (psi) or more below the level recommended by the vehicle manufacturer, according to a report by the Department of Transportation's (DOT) National Highway Traffic Safety Adm...
Truck Safety: Share the Road Safely Pilot Initiative Showed Promise, but the Program's Future Success Is Uncertain
GAO-06-916: Published: Sep 8, 2006. Publicly Released: Sep 8, 2006.
In 2004, over 5,000 people died on our nation's roads in crashes involving large trucks. The Department of Transportation's (DOT) Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) operates truck safety programs, including Share the Road Safely (STRS), which has a goal to improve driving behavior around large trucks. At congressional direction, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (...
Head Start: Progress and Challenges in Implementing Transportation Regulations
GAO-06-767R: Published: Jul 27, 2006. Publicly Released: Aug 28, 2006.
The leading cause of death for children ages 3 to 7 is motor vehicle traffic crashes. Head Start, a federal early care and education program run by local grantees and targeted at low-income children, currently serves approximately 900,000 children, and transports many of them to and from Head Start centers across the country. While not required to do so, many Head Start grantees offer transportati...
Telecommunications: States' Collection and Use of Funds for Wireless Enhanced 911 Services
GAO-06-338: Published: Mar 10, 2006. Publicly Released: Mar 10, 2006.
"Enhanced 911" (E911) service refers to the capability of public safety answering points to automatically receive an emergency caller's location information. An industry association estimates that nearly 82 million 911 calls are placed each year by callers using mobile phones. Wireless E911 technology provides emergency responders with the location and callback number of a person calling 911 from...
Managing For Results: Enhancing Agency Use of Performance Information for Management Decision Making
GAO-05-927: Published: Sep 9, 2005. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 2005.
The Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA) of 1993 has laid a foundation of results-oriented agency planning, measurement, and reporting in the federal government. Performance planning and measurement have slowly, yet increasingly, become a part of agencies' cultures. For planning and performance measurement to be effective, federal managers need to use performance information to identify p...
Vehicle Safety: Opportunities Exist to Enhance NHTSA's New Car Assessment Program
GAO-05-370: Published: Apr 29, 2005. Publicly Released: Apr 29, 2005.
In 2003, 42,643 people were killed and more than 2.8 million people were injured in motor vehicle crashes. Efforts to reduce fatalities on the nation's roadways include the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration's (NHTSA) New Car Assessment Program. Under this program, NHTSA conducts vehicle crash and rollover tests to encourage manufacturers to make safety improvements to new vehic...
Highway Safety: Improved Monitoring and Oversight of Traffic Safety Data Program Are Needed
GAO-05-24: Published: Nov 4, 2004. Publicly Released: Nov 4, 2004.
Auto crashes kill or injure millions of people each year. Information about where and why such crashes occur is important in reducing this toll, both for identifying particular hazards and for planning safety efforts at the state and federal levels. Differences in the quality of state traffic data from state to state, however, affect the usability of data for these purposes. The National Highway T...
Highway Safety: Federal and State Efforts to Address Rural Road Safety Challenges
GAO-04-663: Published: May 28, 2004. Publicly Released: May 28, 2004.
Traffic crashes are a major cause of death and injury in the United States. In 2002, there were 42,815 fatalities and over 2.9 million injuries on the nation's highways. Crashes on rural roads (roads in areas with populations of less than 5,000) account for over 60 percent of the deaths nationwide, or about 70 deaths each day. Further, the rate of fatalities per vehicle mile traveled on rural road...