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National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (11 - 20 of 114 items)
Intelligent Transportation Systems: Vehicle-to-Vehicle Technologies Expected to Offer Safety Benefits, but a Variety of Deployment Challenges Exist
GAO-14-13: Published: Nov 1, 2013. Publicly Released: Nov 1, 2013.
The development of vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) technologies has progressed to the point of real world testing, and if broadly deployed, they are anticipated to offer significant safety benefits. Efforts by the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) and the automobile industry have focused on developing: 1) in-vehicle components such as hardware to facilitate communications among vehicles, 2) safety...
Highway Trust Fund Obligations, Fiscal Years 2009 to 2011
GAO-13-193R: Published: Jan 16, 2013. Publicly Released: Jan 16, 2013.
During fiscal years 2009 through 2011, four administrations within DOT obligated about $144 billion from the HTF. FHWA obligated the largest share--about 81 percent--of this total, specifically:FHWA obligated $116.7 billion from the HTF. A majority--about 81 percent--was obligated to construct and maintain highways and bridges. The remainder was obligated for other purposes such as safety, debt se...
Highway Safety: Federal and State Efforts Related to Accidents That Involve Non-Commercial Vehicles Carrying Unsecured Loads
GAO-13-24: Published: Nov 15, 2012. Publicly Released: Nov 15, 2012.
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) collects limited information on crashes involving vehicles carrying unsecured loads but plans to make changes to collect better information. Currently, NHTSA collects some data in the Fatality Analysis Reporting System and the National Automotive Sampling System General Estimates System. However, the systems do not currently have a data ca...
Motorcycle Safety: Increasing Federal Funding Flexibility and Identifying Research Priorities Would Help Support States' Safety Efforts
GAO-13-42: Published: Nov 14, 2012. Publicly Released: Nov 14, 2012.
GAO estimated that the total direct measurable costs of motorcycle crashes-- costs that directly result from a crash and that can and have been measured-- were approximately $16 billion in 2010. However, the full costs of motorcycle crashes are likely higher because some difficult-to-measure costs--such as longer-term medical costs--are not included. Victims and their families, as well as society-...
Transportation: Key Issues and Management Challenges
GAO-12-581T: Published: Mar 29, 2012. Publicly Released: Mar 29, 2012.
Funding the Nations Transportation System:Funding Highways and Transit: The major source of federal surface transportation funding is the Highway Trust Fund, but the revenues that make up that fund are eroding. The federal motor fuel tax rate has not increased since 1993, meaning that the 18.4 cent per gallon tax on motor fuels enacted in 1993 is worth about 11.5 cents today. This trend will...
Traffic and Vehicle Safety: Reauthorization Offers Opportunities to Extend Recent Progress
GAO-11-866T: Published: Jul 27, 2011. Publicly Released: Jul 27, 2011.
Traffic fatalities and fatality rates have substantially decreased over the last 10 years, yet far too many people continue to be killed or injured on the nation's roadways. In addition, auto safety defect recalls are on the rise. On average, about 70 percent of vehicles subject to a recall are fixed, leaving the remainder to continue posing risks to vehicle owners, passengers, and pedestrians. Th...
Auto Safety: NHTSA Has Options to Improve the Safety Defect Recall Process
GAO-11-603: Published: Jun 15, 2011. Publicly Released: Jun 15, 2011.
In 2010, auto manufacturers recalled more vehicles than any other year, according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), the federal oversight authority for vehicle recalls. However, many recalled vehicles are never fixed, posing a risk to vehicle operators, other drivers, and pedestrians. After the recent recalls of Toyota vehicles, Congress raised questions about the auto...
Air Ambulance: Effects of Industry Changes on Services Are Unclear
GAO-10-907: Published: Sep 30, 2010. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 2010.
Changes in the air ambulance industry's size and structure have led to differences of opinion about the implications for air ambulance use, safety, and services. Some industry stakeholders believe that greater state regulation would be good for consumers. While states can regulate the medical aspects of air ambulances, the Airline Deregulation Act (ADA) preempts states from economic regulation--i...
Teen Driver Safety: Additional Research Could Help States Strengthen Graduated Driver Licensing Systems
GAO-10-544: Published: May 27, 2010. Publicly Released: May 27, 2010.
Teen drivers ages 16 to 20 have the highest fatality rate of any age group in the United States. As a result, states have increasingly adopted laws to limit teen driving exposure, such as Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) systems, which consist of three stages: a learner's permit allowing driving only under supervision; intermediate licensure allowing unsupervised driving with restrictions; and ful...
Auto Industry: Lessons Learned from Cash for Clunkers Program
GAO-10-486: Published: Apr 29, 2010. Publicly Released: Apr 29, 2010.
In July and August 2009, the federal government implemented the Consumer Assistance to Recycle and Save (CARS) program, or "Cash for Clunkers," a temporary vehicle retirement program that offered consumers a monetary credit ($3,500 or $4,500) to trade in an older vehicle for a new, more fuel-efficient one. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) was responsible for administering...