Bureau of Transportation Statistics (1 - 10 of 16 items)
Hazardous Materials Rail Shipments: A Review of Emergency Response Information in Selected Train Documents
GAO-17-130: Published: Dec 2, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 2, 2016.
To help emergency responders safely handle rail accidents involving hazardous materials, selected railroads transporting hazardous materials typically carry two sources of information: the Department of Transportation's (DOT) Emergency Response Guidebook ( ERG ) and information in the trains' documents. Federal Hazardous Material Regulations require railroads and other hazardous material transpo...
West Coast Ports: Better Supply Chain Information Could Improve DOT's Freight Efforts
GAO-17-23: Published: Oct 31, 2016. Publicly Released: Oct 31, 2016.
Some infrastructure and operations at major West Coast ports are strained in the face of recent changes in global shipping, but port stakeholders are attempting to address these constraints. For example, as the shipping industry deploys larger vessels capable of delivering more cargo, some port terminals lack big enough cranes, or other infrastructure, needed to handle these vessels. All major Wes...
Hazardous Materials Transportation: Better Guidance and Planning Could Enhance DOT's Explosives Classification Oversight
GAO-16-715: Published: Jul 28, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 28, 2016.
The Department of Transportation's (DOT) Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration's (PHMSA) oversight of the labs that issue classification recommendations for new explosives is limited by a lack of guidance, and stakeholders have mixed views on PHMSA's oversight. To receive a classification for a new explosive, manufacturers must have an approved test lab examine the explosive and s...
U.S. Border Communities: Ongoing DOT Efforts Could Help Address Impacts of International Freight Rail
GAO-16-274: Published: Jan 28, 2016. Publicly Released: Jan 28, 2016.
Factors such as inspections and crew changes affect freight rail movements in the four U.S. border port of entry (POE) communities GAO visited, which can result in blocked highway-rail grade crossings. Federal agencies and others have taken actions to expedite rail in these communities. As part of its mission to safeguard the border, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) scans inbound rail cars...
Delayed-Baggage Trends and Options for Compensating Passengers
GAO-12-804R: Published: Jun 14, 2012. Publicly Released: Jun 14, 2012.
In summary, we found that DOTs data do not distinguish between delayed baggage and other types of mishandled baggage, such as those that are lost, damaged, or pilfered. DOT includes all of these types of occurrences in its definition of mishandled baggage. Using DOTs data, we found that the number of mishandled-baggage reports has decreased since 2008, when airlines first b...
Surface Freight Transportation: A Comparison of the Costs of Road, Rail, and Waterways Freight Shipments That Are Not Passed on to Consumers
GAO-11-134: Published: Jan 26, 2011. Publicly Released: Feb 28, 2011.
Road, rail, and waterway freight transportation is vital to the nation's economy. Government tax, regulatory, and infrastructure investment policies can affect the costs that shippers pass on to their customers. If government policy gives one mode a cost advantage over another, by, for example, not recouping all the costs of that mode's use of infrastructure, then shipping prices and customers' us...
Transportation Research: Opportunities for Improving the Oversight of DOT's Research Programs and User Satisfaction with Transportation Statistics
GAO-06-917: Published: Aug 15, 2006. Publicly Released: Aug 15, 2006.
The Department of Transportation's (DOT) research, development, and technology (RD&T) budget totaled $1.1 billion in fiscal year 2005. DOT's Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA)--which includes the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS)--oversees DOT's RD&T activities. GAO examined (1) how RITA's responsibilities for overseeing DOT's RD&T activities differ from those of its...
Commercial Aviation: Bankruptcy and Pension Problems Are Symptoms of Underlying Structural Issues
GAO-05-945: Published: Sep 30, 2005. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 2005.
Since 2001 the U.S. airline industry has lost over $30 billion. Delta, Northwest, United, and US Airways have filed for bankruptcy, the latter two terminating and transferring their pension plans to the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation (PBGC). The net claim on PBGC from these terminations was $9.7 billion; plan participants lost $5.3 billion in benefits (in constant 2005 dollars). Considerable...
Highway And Transit Investments: Options for Improving Information on Projects' Benefits and Costs and Increasing Accountability for Results
GAO-05-172: Published: Jan 24, 2005. Publicly Released: Jan 24, 2005.
Mobility is critical to the nation's economy. Projections of future passenger and freight travel suggest that increased levels of investment may be needed to maintain the current levels of mobility provided by the nation's highway and transit systems. However, calls for greater investment in transportation come amid growing concerns about fiscal imbalances at all levels of the government. As a res...
Commercial Aviation: Legacy Airlines Must Further Reduce Costs to Restore Profitability
GAO-04-836: Published: Aug 11, 2004. Publicly Released: Aug 11, 2004.
Since 2001, the U.S. airline industry has confronted financial losses of previously unseen proportions. From 2001 to 2003, the industry lost $23 billion, and two of the nation's biggest airlines have gone into bankruptcy. To assist airlines, the Congress provided U.S. airlines with $7 billion of direct financial assistance--most recently in the form of $2.4 billion of financial assistance under th...